Gehenna
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Gehenna

[HINNOM]

ATS Bible Dictionary
Gehenna

See HINNOM.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
(originally Ge bene Hinnom; i.e., "the valley of the sons of Hinnom"), a deep, narrow glen to the south of Jerusalem, where the idolatrous Jews offered their children in sacrifice to Molech (2 Chronicles 28:3; 33:6; Jeremiah 7:31; 19:2-6). This valley afterwards became the common receptacle for all the refuse of the city. Here the dead bodies of animals and of criminals, and all kinds of filth, were cast and consumed by fire kept always burning. It thus in process of time became the image of the place of everlasting destruction. In this sense it is used by our Lord in Matthew 5:22, 29, 30; 10:28; 18:9; 23:15, 33; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Luke 12:5. In these passages, and also in James 3:6, the word is uniformly rendered "hell," the Revised Version placing "Gehenna" in the margin. (see HELL; HINNOM.)
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where some of the Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch, which, on this account, was afterward regarded as a place of abomination, and made a receptacle for all the refuse of the city, perpetual fires being kept up in order to prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New Testament the name is transferred, by an easy metaphor, to Hell.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
GEHENNA

ga-hen'-a (geenna (see Grimm-Thayer, under the word)): Gehenna is a transliteration from the Aramaic form of the Hebrew ge-hinnom, "valley of Hinnom." This latter form, however, is rare in the Old Testament, the prevailing name being "the valley of the son of Hinnom." Septuagint usually translates; where it transliterates the form is different from Gehenna and varies. In the New Testament the correct form is Gee'nna with the accent on the penult, not Ge'enna. There is no reason to assume that Hinnom is other than a plain patronymic, although it has been proposed to find in it the corruption of the name of an idol (EB, II, 2071). In the New Testament (King James Version margin) Gehenna occurs in Matthew 5:22, 29, 30; Matthew 10:28; Matthew 18:9; Matthew 23:15, 33 Mark 9:43, 15, 47 Luke 12:5 James 3:6. In all of these it designates the place of eternal punishment of the wicked, generally in connection with the final judgment. It is associated with fire as the source of torment. Both body and soul are cast into it. This is not to be explained on the principle that the New Testament speaks metaphorically of the state after death in terms of the body; it presupposes the resurrection. In the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) Gehenna is rendered by "hell" (see ESCHATOLOGY OF THE NEW TESTAMENT). That "the valley of Hinnom" became the technical designation for the place of final punishment was due to two causes. In the first place the valley had been the seat of the idolatrous worship of Molech, to whom children were immolated by fire (2 Chronicles 28:3; 2 Chronicles 33:6). Secondly, on account of these practices the place was defiled by King Josiah (2 Kings 23:10), and became in consequence associated in prophecy with the judgment to be visited upon the people (Jeremiah 7:32). The fact, also, that the city's offal was collected there may have helped to render the name synonymous with extreme defilement. Topographically the identification of the valley of Hinnom is still uncertain. It has been in turn identified with the depression on the western and southern side of Jerusalem, with the middle valley, and with the valley to the E. Compare EB, II, 2071; DCG, I, 636; RE3, VI.

Geerhardus Vos

Greek
1067. geenna -- Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a ...
... 1066, 1067. geenna. 1068 . Gehenna, a valley W. and South of Jer., also a
symbolic name for the final place of punishment of the ungodly. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1067.htm - 7k

3599. odous -- a tooth
... a) of the particular level of compensation or recompense needed in a situation
(Mt 5:38); and, b) for how the unredeemed in Gehenna express their indescribable ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3599.htm - 7k

5020. tartaroo -- to cast into hell
... Verb Transliteration: tartaroo Phonetic Spelling: (tar-tar-o'-o) Short Definition:
I thrust down to Tartarus Definition: I thrust down to Tartarus or Gehenna. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5020.htm - 7k

Library

Chapter ix.
... and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council:
but whosoever shall say, Thou fool, shall be in danger of the gehenna of fire ...
//christianbookshelf.org/augustine/our lords sermon on the mount/chapter ix.htm

Appendix xix. On Eternal Punishment, According to the Rabbis and ...
... perfectly righteous, who are immediately written and sealed to eternal life;' the
perfectly wicked, who are immediately written and sealed to Gehenna;' and an ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/appendix xix on eternal punishment.htm

That He Shall Come to Judge the Quick and the Dead we are Taught ...
... Fear not them who are able to kill the body, but are not able to hurt the soul;
but rather fear Him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna." Ps. ...
/.../33 that he shall come.htm

Definitive Form of the Ideas of Jesus Respecting the Kingdom of ...
... They will be the smaller number.[5] The rest will depart into Gehenna. Gehenna was
the western valley of Jerusalem. ... Paradise and Gehenna will have no end. ...
/.../renan/the life of jesus/chapter xvii definitive form of.htm

Blessing and Cursing
... not wish evil to sinners"granted that they did not long to pray, with bell, book,
and candle, that they might be tormented for ever in Gehenna"granted that ...
/.../kingsley/town and country sermons/sermon xi blessing and cursing.htm

Listen, My Brethren, to Death, Mocking the Evil One: that Caused ...
... Gehenna be overturned, upon thy head: as thy malice overturned Sodom, its
dwellers!"11. ... Sink thou in the dregs of Gehenna, O Satan! ...
/.../hymns and homilies of ephraim the syrian/hymn lvii listen my brethren.htm

In this Diagram were Described Ten Circles, Distinct from Each ...
... Moreover, Celsus says that the diagram was "divided by a thick black line, and this
line he asserted was called Gehenna, which is Tartarus." Now as we found ...
/.../origen/origen against celsus/chapter xxv in this diagram.htm

Christ's Prayer Answered.
... BLUE FLAMES OF GEHENNA. No permanent Christian life can be built upon the
foundation of an unsanctified heart. For a time the graces ...
/.../rees/the heart-cry of jesus/chapter iv christs prayer answered.htm

The Secret Burden
... "Lord, teach us to pray.""Luke 11:1. "Apart. . .""Zechariah 12:12. Down to Gehenna,
and up to the throne, He travels the fastest, who travels alone. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/whyte/lord teach us to pray/xxii the secret burden.htm

And the Pharisees Went Out, and Consulted Together Concerning Him. ...
... one that saith to his brother, Thou foul one, is condemned [671] by the synagogue;
and whosoever [52] saith to him, Thou fool, is worthy of the fire of Gehenna ...
/.../hogg/the diatessaron of tatian/section viii and the pharisees.htm

Thesaurus
Gehenna (12 Occurrences)
... 33; Mark 9:43, 45, 47; Luke 12:5. In these passages, and also in James 3:6, the
word is uniformly rendered "hell," the Revised Version placing "Gehenna" in the ...
/g/gehenna.htm - 15k

Hell (53 Occurrences)
... 22). (3.) Gehenna, in most of its occurrences in the Greek New Testament,
designates the place of the lost (Matthew 23:33). The ...
/h/hell.htm - 29k

Rather (176 Occurrences)
... to you, tear it out and away with it; it is better for you that one member should
be destroyed rather than that your whole body should be thrown into Gehenna. ...
/r/rather.htm - 36k

Causes (89 Occurrences)
... For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than
for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna. (WEB RSV NIV). ...
/c/causes.htm - 33k

Stumble (89 Occurrences)
... For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than
for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna. (WEB ASV YLT NAS). ...
/s/stumble.htm - 34k

Better (218 Occurrences)
... to you, tear it out and away with it; it is better for you that one member should
be destroyed rather than that your whole body should be thrown into Gehenna. ...
/b/better.htm - 38k

Possession (251 Occurrences)
... out and away with it; it is better for you to enter into Life with only one eye,
than to remain in possession of two eyes but be thrown into the Gehenna of fire ...
/p/possession.htm - 41k

Thrown (126 Occurrences)
... to you, tear it out and away with it; it is better for you that one member should
be destroyed rather than that your whole body should be thrown into Gehenna. ...
/t/thrown.htm - 37k

Hinnom (11 Occurrences)
... The word Gehenna [the Greek contraction of Hinnom] was never used in the time of
Christ in any other sense than to denote the place of future punishment ...
/h/hinnom.htm - 18k

Cause (1309 Occurrences)
... and whoever shall say to his brother,' Raca!' shall be in danger of the council;
and whoever shall say,'You fool!' shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna. ...
/c/cause.htm - 39k

Concordance
Gehenna (12 Occurrences)

Matthew 5:22
But I tell you, that everyone who is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment; and whoever shall say to his brother,' Raca!' shall be in danger of the council; and whoever shall say,'You fool!' shall be in danger of the fire of Gehenna.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 5:29
If your right eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 5:30
If your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off, and throw it away from you. For it is more profitable for you that one of your members should perish, than for your whole body to be cast into Gehenna.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 10:28
Don't be afraid of those who kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul. Rather, fear him who is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 18:9
If your eye causes you to stumble, pluck it out, and cast it from you. It is better for you to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into the Gehenna of fire.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 23:15
Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel around by sea and land to make one proselyte; and when he becomes one, you make him twice as much of a son of Gehenna as yourselves.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Matthew 23:33
You serpents, you offspring of vipers, how will you escape the judgment of Gehenna?
(WEB WEY YLT)

Mark 9:43
If your hand causes you to stumble, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life maimed, rather than having your two hands to go into Gehenna, into the unquenchable fire,
(WEB WEY YLT)

Mark 9:45
If your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off. It is better for you to enter into life lame, rather than having your two feet to be cast into Gehenna, into the fire that will never be quenched-
(WEB WEY YLT)

Mark 9:47
If your eye causes you to stumble, cast it out. It is better for you to enter into the Kingdom of God with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into the Gehenna of fire,
(WEB WEY YLT)

Luke 12:5
But I will warn you whom you should fear. Fear him, who after he has killed, has power to cast into Gehenna. Yes, I tell you, fear him.
(WEB WEY YLT)

James 3:6
And the tongue is a fire. The world of iniquity among our members is the tongue, which defiles the whole body, and sets on fire the course of nature, and is set on fire by Gehenna.
(WEB WEY YLT)

Subtopics

Gehenna

Related Terms

Hell (53 Occurrences)

Rather (176 Occurrences)

Causes (89 Occurrences)

Stumble (89 Occurrences)

Better (218 Occurrences)

Possession (251 Occurrences)

Thrown (126 Occurrences)

Hinnom (11 Occurrences)

Cause (1309 Occurrences)

Throw (135 Occurrences)

Unquenchable (5 Occurrences)

Tear (97 Occurrences)

Raca (1 Occurrence)

Members (54 Occurrences)

Valley (187 Occurrences)

Enter (372 Occurrences)

Cut (616 Occurrences)

Gouge (4 Occurrences)

Fiery (47 Occurrences)

Destroyed (377 Occurrences)

Makes (483 Occurrences)

Perish (186 Occurrences)

Pluck (41 Occurrences)

Profitable (34 Occurrences)

Becomes (138 Occurrences)

Crippled (15 Occurrences)

Snare (69 Occurrences)

Member (20 Occurrences)

Cast (640 Occurrences)

Geliloth (2 Occurrences)

Geha'zi (11 Occurrences)

Eye (145 Occurrences)

Fool (95 Occurrences)

Fire (602 Occurrences)

Hades (11 Occurrences)

Body (562 Occurrences)

Judgment (430 Occurrences)

Yourselves (530 Occurrences)

Quench (14 Occurrences)

Quenched (22 Occurrences)

Vipers (10 Occurrences)

Kill (310 Occurrences)

Killing (41 Occurrences)

Killed (352 Occurrences)

Kidron (11 Occurrences)

One-eyed (2 Occurrences)

Offspring (186 Occurrences)

Liable (7 Occurrences)

Gained (66 Occurrences)

Good-for-nothing (22 Occurrences)

Guilty (131 Occurrences)

Warn (35 Occurrences)

Woe (102 Occurrences)

Wo (92 Occurrences)

Win (27 Occurrences)

Whenever (123 Occurrences)

Insults (34 Occurrences)

Furnace (35 Occurrences)

Teachers (87 Occurrences)

Twice (44 Occurrences)

Travel (25 Occurrences)

Tomb (70 Occurrences)

Traverse (5 Occurrences)

Rachel's (5 Occurrences)

Rebel (35 Occurrences)

Raddai (1 Occurrence)

Empty (84 Occurrences)

Escape (142 Occurrences)

Destroy (379 Occurrences)

Defiles (12 Occurrences)

Danger (118 Occurrences)

Molech (16 Occurrences)

Maimed (10 Occurrences)

Paradise (6 Occurrences)

Punishment (417 Occurrences)

Brood (19 Occurrences)

Magistrate (9 Occurrences)

Condemned (49 Occurrences)

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