Etham
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Etham

their strength; their sign

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Etham

(bounded by the sea), one of the early resting-places of the Israelites when they quitted Egypt; described as "in the edge of the wilderness." (Exodus 13:20; Numbers 33:6,7) Etham may be placed where the cultivable land ceases, near the Seba Biar or Seven Wells, about three miles from the western side of the ancient head of the gulf.

ATS Bible Dictionary
Etham

A station of the Israelites soon after leaving Egypt, Exodus 13:20; Numbers 33:6. It lay near the head of the west gulf of the Red Sea, and the wilderness east of it was often called by the same name.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Perhaps another name for Khetam, or "fortress," on the Shur or great wall of Egypt, which extended from the Mediterranean to the Gulf of Suez. Here the Israelites made their third encampment (Exodus 13:20; Numbers 33:6). The camp was probably a little to the west of the modern town of Ismailia. Here the Israelites were commanded to change their route (Exodus 14:2), and "turn" towards the south, and encamp before Pi-hahiroth. (see EXODUS; PITHOM.)
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ETHAM

e'-tham ('etham; Othom, Exodus 13:20; Bouthan, Numbers 33:6, 7; in 33:8 the Septuagint has a different reading, "in their wilderness" showing another pointing for the word):

The name used to be explained as the Coptic Atium, "border of the Sea" (Gesenius, Lexicon, under the word) which would agree with the Hebrew (Numbers 33:8) where the "wilderness of Etham" is noticed instead of that of Shur (Exodus 15:22) East of the Red Sea (see SHUR). At Etham (Exodus 13:20), the Hebrews camped in the "edge," or at "the end," of the desert West of the sea that they were to cross (see EXODUS). This camp was probably near the North end of the Bitter Lakes, a march from Succoth. Brugsch (Hist. Egypt, II, 359) would compare Etham with the Egyptian Khetam ("fort"), but the Hebrew word has no guttural. The word Khetam is not the name of a place (see Pierret, Vocab. hieroglyph., 453), and more than one such "fort" seems to be noticed (see PITHOM). In the reign of Seti II a scribe's report mentions the pursuit of two servants, apparently from Zoan, to the fortress of I-k-u southward, reaching Khetam on the 3rd day; but if this was the "Khetam of Rameses II," or even that "of Minepthah," it would not apparently suit the position of Etham.

See MIGDOL.

C. R. Conder.

Strong's Hebrew
864. Etham -- a place in Egypt
... 863b, 864. Etham. 864a . a place in Egypt. Transliteration: Etham Phonetic
Spelling: (ay-thawm') Short Definition: Etham. Etham ...
/hebrew/864.htm - 5k

864a. Etham -- a place in Egypt
... 864, 864a. Etham. 864b . a place in Egypt. Transliteration: Etham Short Definition:
Etham. ... NASB Word Usage Etham (4). 864, 864a. Etham. 864b . ...
/hebrew/864a.htm - 5k

Library

Book 2 Footnotes
... He thought the Israelites had proceeded as far as the desert of Etham, Exodus
13:20, when they were commanded by God to return back, Exodus 14:2, and to pitch ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 2 footnotes.htm

Book 8 Footnotes
... [18] Whether these fine gardens and rivulets of Etham, about six miles from Jerusalem,
whither Solomon rode so often in state, be not those alluded to ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 8 footnotes.htm

Psalm LXXIV.
... 15. "Thou hast dried up the rivers of Etham" (ver.15)....What is Etham? For
the word is Hebrew. What is Etham interpreted? Strong, stout. ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm lxxiv.htm

The Escape from Egypt
... any food for the journey. And they went from Succoth and camped at Etham
on the border of the wilderness. Jehovah went before them ...
//christianbookshelf.org/sherman/the childrens bible/the escape from egypt.htm

Contents and Character of the Extant Works.
... Accordingly, from the titles, some have been attributed to Idithum, some to Etham,
some to the sons of Core, some to Asaph, by men who have learned from the ...
/.../the ecclesiastical history of theodoret/ix contents and character of the.htm

How Solomon Grew Rich, and Fell Desperately in Love with Women and ...
... There was a certain place about fifty furlongs distant from Jerusalem, which is
called Etham, very pleasant it is in fine gardens, and abounding in rivulets of ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 7 how solomon grew.htm

Aron, Brother of Moses, 486, 487.
... Esther, Queen, [335]197. Eternity, eternal, meaning of, [336]3; our refuge,
[337]442. Etham, [338]347. Ethiopia and Ethiopians, [339]298, [340]346. ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/aron brother of moses 486.htm

Election and Ordination of Bishops: Form of Service on Sundays.
... the general of the army, and didst overthrow the seven nations of Canaan by him;
[3656] Thou didst divide Jordan, and dry up the rivers of Etham; [3657] Thou ...
/.../constitutions of the holy apostles/sec ii election and ordination of.htm

Thesaurus
Etham (4 Occurrences)
...ETHAM. ... At Etham (Exodus 13:20), the Hebrews camped in the "edge," or at "the end,"
of the desert West of the sea that they were to cross (see EXODUS). ...
/e/etham.htm - 9k

Camped (100 Occurrences)
... (Root in WEB JPS ASV DBY NAS RSV NIV). Exodus 13:20 They took their journey from
Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. ...
/c/camped.htm - 33k

Encamped (115 Occurrences)
... (WEB JPS ASV DBY). Exodus 13:20 They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped
in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. (WEB KJV JPS ASV DBY WBS RSV). ...
/e/encamped.htm - 34k

Pihahiroth (4 Occurrences)
... 2, 9), how long is uncertain. Some have identified it with Ajrud, a fortress
between Etham and Suez. The condition of the Isthmus ...
/p/pihahiroth.htm - 10k

Pi-hahiroth (4 Occurrences)
... 2, 9), how long is uncertain. Some have identified it with Ajrud, a fortress
between Etham and Suez. The condition of the Isthmus ...
/p/pi-hahiroth.htm - 10k

Exodus (2 Occurrences)
... (see PITHOM.) Their third station was Etham (qv), 13:20, "in the edge of the
wilderness," and was probably a little to the west of the modern town of Ismailia ...
/e/exodus.htm - 82k

Succoth (18 Occurrences)
... The word means "booths." The distance from ETHAM (which see) suggests that the site
may have lain in the lower part of Wady Tumeilat, but the exact position is ...
/s/succoth.htm - 16k

Pitched (101 Occurrences)
... Succoth. (KJV JPS). Numbers 33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched
in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. (KJV JPS). ...
/p/pitched.htm - 33k

Encamp (108 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Encamp (108 Occurrences). Exodus 13:20 They took their
journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. ...
/e/encamp.htm - 36k

Traveled (104 Occurrences)
... Succoth. (WEB). Numbers 33:6 They traveled from Succoth, and encamped in Etham,
which is in the edge of the wilderness. (WEB). Numbers ...
/t/traveled.htm - 32k

Concordance
Etham (4 Occurrences)

Exodus 13:20
They took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Numbers 33:6
They traveled from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Numbers 33:7
They traveled from Etham, and turned back to Pihahiroth, which is before Baal Zephon: and they encamped before Migdol.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Numbers 33:8
They traveled from before Hahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness: and they went three days' journey in the wilderness of Etham, and encamped in Marah.
(WEB KJV JPS ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Etham

Etham: Second Camping Place of Israel

Related Terms

Camped (100 Occurrences)

Encamped (115 Occurrences)

Pihahiroth (4 Occurrences)

Pi-hahiroth (4 Occurrences)

Exodus (2 Occurrences)

Succoth (18 Occurrences)

Pitched (101 Occurrences)

Encamp (108 Occurrences)

Traveled (104 Occurrences)

Extremity (46 Occurrences)

Migdol (6 Occurrences)

Journeyed (111 Occurrences)

Hahiroth (4 Occurrences)

Removed (294 Occurrences)

Tents (284 Occurrences)

Ethan (9 Occurrences)

Edge (150 Occurrences)

Red (124 Occurrences)

Zephon (5 Occurrences)

Marah (4 Occurrences)

Pithom (1 Occurrence)

Penehahiroth (1 Occurrence)

Pi-hahi'roth (1 Occurrence)

Pi (3 Occurrences)

Baalzephon (3 Occurrences)

Baal-zephon (3 Occurrences)

Ba'al-ze'phon (3 Occurrences)

Hahi'roth (1 Occurrence)

Journeying (36 Occurrences)

Goshen (16 Occurrences)

Eternity (23 Occurrences)

Faces (158 Occurrences)

Opposite (137 Occurrences)

Baal (94 Occurrences)

Wilderness (304 Occurrences)

Sea (4178 Occurrences)

Moved (316 Occurrences)

Journey (214 Occurrences)

Waste (668 Occurrences)

East (228 Occurrences)

Desert (322 Occurrences)

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