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Smith's Bible Dictionary

the process by which dead bodies are preserved from putrefaction and decay. It was most general among the Egyptians, and it is in connection with this people that the two instances which we meet with in the Old Testament are mentioned. (Genesis 50:2,26) The embalmers first removed part of the brain through the nostrils, by means of a crooked iron, and destroyed the rest by injecting caustic drugs. An incision was then made along the flank with a sharp Ethiopian stone, and the whole of the intestines removed. The cavity was rinsed out with palm wine, and afterwards scoured with pounded perfumes. It was then filled with pure myrrh pounded, cassia and other aromatics, except frankincense. This done, the body was sewn up and steeped in natron (salf-petre) for seventy days. When the seventy days were accomplished, the embalmers washed the corpse and swathed it in bandages of linen, cut in strips and smeared with gum. They then gave it up to the relatives of the deceased, who provided for it a wooden case, made in the shape of a man, in which the dead was placed,a nd deposited in an erect position against the wall of the sepulchral chamber. Sometimes no incision was made in the body, nor were the intestines removed, but cedar-oil was injected into the stomach by the rectum. At others the oil was prevented from escaping until the end of the steeping process, when it was withdrawn, and carried off with it the stomach and intestines in a state of solution, while the flesh was consumed by the natron, and nothing was left but the skin and bones. The body in this state was returned to the relatives of the deceased. The third mode, which was adopted by the poorer classes, and cost but little, consisted in rinsing out the intestines with syrmaea, an infusion of senna and cassia, and steeping the body for several days in natron. It does not appear that embalming was practiced by the Hebrews. The cost of embalming was sometimes nearly , varying from this amount down to or .

ATS Bible Dictionary

The process of embalming dead bodies among the Egyptians was as follows: The embalmers, who were looked upon as sacred officers, drew the brains through the nostrils with a hooked piece of iron, and filled the skull with astringent drugs; they drew all the entrails, except the heart and kidneys, through a hole cut in the left side, washed them in palm-wine, and replaced them, filling the cavity with astringent and preservative drugs. The body was anointed repeatedly with oil of cedar, myrrh, cinnamon, etc., about thirty days, and was then put into nitre for about forty days; by which process it was preserved from decay, retaining at the same time a lifelike appearance. When Moses says that forty days of his continuing in the salt of nitre, not including the thirty days spent in the previous ceremonies; so that, in the whole they mourned seventy days for him in Egypt, Genesis 50:2,3.

The body was afterwards taken out of the salt, washed, wrapped up in long linen bandages, dipped in myrrh, and closed with gum. It was then restored to the relatives, who inclosed it in a coffin, and kept it in their houses, or deposited it in a tomb. Thus the body of Joseph was preserved, to be conveyed into the land of promise after nearly two centuries, Genesis 50:26. Great numbers of mummies are still found in Egypt, in the subterraneous vaults where they were deposited two or three thousand years ago.

The common people of that country were embalmed by means of bitumen, a cheap material and easily managed. With this the corpse and its envelopes were smeared, with more or less care and diligence. Sepulchres have been opened in which thousands of bodies had been deposited in rows, one on another, without coffins, preserved in this manner.

The usual embalming of the Jews was less elaborate and effectual. It consisted mainly in wrapping the body in many folds of linen, with a profusion of aromatic spices-myrrh, aloes, etc. Thus the body of the Savior was embalmed entire by Joseph and Nicodemus, while, ignorant of this, the two Mary's and their friends were prepared to render him a similar honor when the Jewish Sabbath was past, John 19:38 40. The practice, even in this form, does not appear to have been prevalent among the Jews. See BURIAL.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The process of preserving a body by means of aromatics (Genesis 50:2, 3, 26). This art was practised by the Egyptians from the earliest times, and there brought to great perfection. This custom probably originated in the belief in the future reunion of the soul with the body. The process became more and more complicated, and to such perfection was it carried that bodies embalmed thousands of years ago are preserved to the present day in the numberless mummies that have been discovered in Egypt.

The embalming of Jacob and Joseph was according to the Egyptian custom, which was partially followed by the Jews (2 Chronicles 16:14), as in the case of king Asa, and of our Lord (John 19:39, 40; Luke 23:56; 24:1). (see PHARAOH.)

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Embalm.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

em-bam'-ing (chanaT, "to spice"):

Embalming. is mentioned in Scripture only in the cases of Jacob and Joseph (Genesis 50:2, 26). It was a distinctly Egyptian invention and method of preserving the bodies of men and animals. Examples of it reach back to over 3,000 years ago.

It prevailed to some extent among the peoples of Asia, and at a later period among the Greeks and Romans, but was in origin and use distinctly non-Israelitish.


4666. smurna -- myrrh (used as an ointment and for embalming)
... myrrh (used as an ointment and for embalming). Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine
Transliteration: smurna Phonetic Spelling: (smoor'-nah) Short Definition: myrrh ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4666.htm - 6k

250. aloe -- aloe
... 250 -- "The strongly aromatic, quick-drying sap of a tree (the ) -- mixed with myrrh
and used for embalming" (); "the true aloe plant (, , 1:99). ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/250.htm - 6k

1780. entaphiasmos -- preparation for burial
... for burial. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: entaphiasmos Phonetic
Spelling: (en-taf-ee-as-mos') Short Definition: embalming, preparation of a ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/1780.htm - 6k

3462. murizo -- to anoint
... Definition: I anoint. Cognate: 3462 (from 3464 ) -- apply ointment ("anoint"),
especially for burial (embalming). See 3464 (). Word Origin ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/3462.htm - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
2591b. chanutim -- an embalming
... an embalming. Transliteration: chanutim Short Definition: embalming. Word Origin
from chanat Definition an embalming NASB Word Usage embalming (1). ...
/hebrew/2591b.htm - 5k

The Embalming of the Body of Jesus.
... CHAPTER LI. The Embalming of the Body of Jesus. The Blessed Virgin seated
herself upon a large cloth spread on the ground, with ...
/.../the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/chapter li the embalming of.htm

Chapter l
... father. So the physicians embalmed Israel, being occupied in the task a full
forty days; for so many are the days used in embalming. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/leupold/exposition of genesis volume 1/chapter l.htm

A Description of Some Parts of Ancient Jerusalem.
... Their next care was to make arrangements for carrying with them the necessary articles
for embalming the body, and their servants took some tools with which to ...
/.../the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/chapter xlix a description of.htm

Civ. Jesus Arrives and is Feasted at Bethany.
... and that some of the apostles were endeavoring to persuade Mary to keep and sell
what was left, and that Jesus ordered it kept to finish the embalming of his ...
/.../mcgarvey/the four-fold gospel/civ jesus arrives and is.htm

Jesus in the Tomb.
... forward at this moment. He arrived, bearing ample provision of the materials
necessary for embalming. Joseph and Nicodemus interred ...
//christianbookshelf.org/renan/the life of jesus/chapter xxvi jesus in the.htm

Causes of Corruption Chiefly Intentional.
... Against the day of My embalming hath she kept it.' (John 12:7.) He assigns to her
act a mysterious meaning of which the holy woman little dreamt. ...
/.../chapter xii causes of corruption.htm

The Anointing of Jesus.
... This is His true embalming. ... The love of His own had come to maturity and burst thus
into flower. Jesus therefore recognises in this act His true embalming. ...
/.../the expositors bible the gospel of st john vol ii/i the anointing of jesus.htm

The Close of the Theban Empire --(Continued)
... The manipulations and prayers were prescribed in the "Book of Embalming.". ** The
prescribed gold ring was often replaced by one of blue or green enamel. ...
/.../chapter ithe close of the.htm

The Dolorous Passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ
... A Description of some Parts of ancient Jerusalem. CHAPTER LI. The Embalming of the
Body of Jesus. CHAPTER LII. The Body of our Lord placed in the Sepulchre. ...
/...//christianbookshelf.org/emmerich/the dolorous passion of our lord jesus christ/

A Song in the Night
... Thou brakest my heart, and didst find it there,. Rest sweetly there alone. "There
is no embalming so sweet to Me. As to dwell, my well-belov├Ęd, in thee.". ...
/.../bevan/hymns of ter steegen and others second series/a song in the night.htm

Embalming (3 Occurrences)
... The embalming of Jacob and Joseph was according to the Egyptian custom, which was
partially followed by the Jews (2 Chronicles 16:14), as in the case of king ...
/e/embalming.htm - 9k

Burial (25 Occurrences)
... FOR BURIAL 1. Often Informal and Hasty 2. Usually with More Ceremony 3. Contrasts
between Jewish Customs and Other Peoples' (1) Cremation (2) Embalming III. ...
/b/burial.htm - 42k

Three-score (2 Occurrences)
... Genesis 50:3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; for so are fulfilled the days
of embalming: and the Egyptians wept for him three-score and ten days. (ASV). ...
/t/three-score.htm - 7k

Embalmed (3 Occurrences)

/e/embalmed.htm - 7k

Embankment (1 Occurrence)

/e/embankment.htm - 7k

Myrrh (22 Occurrences)
... Jesus (Matthew 2:11). It was used in embalming (John 19:39), also as a
perfume (Esther 2:12; Psalm 45:8; Proverbs 7:17). It was a ...
/m/myrrh.htm - 18k

Perfumes (69 Occurrences)
... 3:6; Isaiah 57:9); and also in embalming the dead, and in other funeral ceremonies
(Mark 14:8; Luke 24:1; John 19:39). Multi-Version Concordance ...
/p/perfumes.htm - 30k

Pits (13 Occurrences)
... In ancient times it was exported to Egypt to be used in embalming mummies. Important
mines of it exist at Chasbeiya near Mt. Hermon and in North Syria. ...
/p/pits.htm - 13k

Physician (6 Occurrences)
... Even their art of embalming was so imperfect that few of their mummies would
have remained in any other climate than that of Egypt. ...
/p/physician.htm - 14k

Anticipated (4 Occurrences)
... From their children, or from strangers?" (WEB DBY WBS YLT). Mark 14:8 what she could
she did, she anticipated to anoint my body for the embalming. (YLT). ...
/a/anticipated.htm - 7k

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