Christs
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
Christs, False: Our Lord warned his disciples that they would arise (Matthew 24:24). It is said that no fewer than twenty-four persons have at different times appeared (the last in 1682) pretending to be the Messiah of the prophets.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
CHRISTS

krists.

See CHRISTS, FALSE; MESSIAH.

CHRISTS, FALSE

fols (pseudo-christoi).

1. Christ's Warnings:

In His discourse on the last things, uttered by Him on the Tuesday of the week of His Passion, Jesus solemnly forewarned His disciples that many would come in His name, saying "I am the Christ," who would deceive many; that there would arise false Christs and false prophets, who would show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect; that, therefore, if any man said to them, "Lo, here is the Christ," or "Lo, there," they were not to believe it (Matthew 24:5, 11, 23-25 Mark 13:6, 21-23 Luke 21:8).

2. Early Notices:

The warning was needed. De Wette, Meyer, and others have, indeed, pointed out that there is no historical record of anyone expressly claiming to be the Christ prior to the destruction of Jerusalem. This, however, is probably only in appearance (compare Lange, Commentary on Matthew 24:3). Edersheim remarks: "Though in the multitude of impostors, who, in the troubled time between the rule of Pilate and the destruction of Jerusalem, promised Messianic deliverance to Israel, few names and claims of this kind have be en specially recorded, yet the hints in the New Testament, and the references, however guarded, in the Jewish historian, imply the appearance of many such seducers" (Jesus the Messiah, V, chapter vi; in 1906 edition, II, 446). The revolts in this period were generally connected with religious pretensions in the leaders (Josephus, BJ, II, xiii, 4-"deceived and deluded the people under pretense of Divine inspiration"), and, in the fevered state of Messianic expectation, can hardly have lacked, in some instances, a Mes sianic character. Judas of Galilee (Acts 5:37; Josephus, Ant, XVIII, i, 1, 6; BJ, II, viii, 1) founded a numerous sect (the Gaulonites) by many of whom, according to Origen (Hom on Luke, 25), he was regarded as the Messiah (compare DB, under the word). The Theudas of Acts 5:36, "giving himself out to be somebody," may or may not be the same as the Theudas of Josephus (Ant., XX, v, 1), but the latter, at least, made prophetic claims and deluded many. He promised to divide the river Jordan by a word. Another instance is the "Egyptian" for whom Paul was mistaken, who had made an "uproar" (Acts 21:38; the Revised Version (British and American) "sedition")-one of a multitude of "impostors and deceivers," Josephus tells us, who persuaded multitudes to follow them into the wilderness, pretending that they would exhibit wonders and signs (Ant., XX, viii, 6). This Egyptian was to show them that, at his command, the walls of Jerusalem would fall down (BJ, II, xiii, 5). Of another class was the Samaritan Dositheus, with whom Simon Magus was said to be connected (see refs to Eusebius, Origen, Hippolytus, Clementine writings, etc., in DB, under the word). He is alleged to have been regarded as "the prophet like unto Moses," whom God was to raise up.

3. Bar-Cochba:

The most celebrated case of a false Christ is that of Bar-Cochba (to give the name its usual form), the leader of the great insurrection under Hadrian in 132 A.D. (Eus., HE, IV, 6; for Jewish and other authorities, see the full account in Schurer, HJP, I, 2, pp. 297, English Translation). The insurrection was on a scale which it required the whole force of the Roman empire to put down (compare Schurer). The leader's own name was Simon, but the title, "Bar-Cochba" ("son of a star"), was given him with reference to the pr ophecy in Numbers 24:17 of the star that should come out of Jacob. Rabbi Akiba, the most celebrated doctor of his time, applied this prophecy, with that in Haggai 2:6, 7, to Simon, and announced him as the Messiah. He is commonly known in Jewish literature as Barcosiba, probably from his birthplace. Immense multitudes flocked to his standard, and the Christians in Palestine were severely persecuted. Coins were issued in his name. After tremendous efforts the rebellion was crushed, and Jerusalem was converted into a Roman colony (Aelia Capitolina), which Jews were forbidden to enter.

4. Jewish Pseudo-Messiahs:

Among the Jews themselves, in later times, many pseudo-Messiahs have arisen. An interesting account of some of these is given by Mr. Elkan Adler in his Introduction to the volume, Aspects of the Hebrew Genius (London, Routledge, 1910). "Such there had been," this writer says, "from time to time ever since the destruction of the Temple." In the 16th and 17th centuries, however, the belief in pseudo-Messiahs took new and remarkable shapes. Among the names mentioned is that of David Reubeni, or David of the tribe of Reuben (1524), who ultimately fell a sacrifice to the Inquisition. Under his influence a Portuguese royal secretary, Diego Pires, adopted the Jewish faith, changed his name to Solomon Molko, and finally proclaimed himself the Messiah. In 1529 he published some of his addresses under the title of The Book of Wonder. He was burned at the stake at Mantua. "Other Kabbalists, such as Isaac Luria and Chajim Vital and Abraham Shalom, proclaimed themselves to be Messiahs or forerunners of the Messiah, and their works and manuscripts are still piously studied by many oriental Jews." The chief of all these false Messiahs was Sabbatai Zevi, born at Smyrna in 1626. "His adventures," it is said, "created a tremendous stir in western Europe." He ultimately became an apostate to Islam; notwithstanding which fact he had a line of successors, in whom the sect of Donmeh, in Salonica, continue to believe. Another mentioned is Jacob Frank, of Podolia, who revealed himself in 1755 as the Holy Lord, in whom there dwelt the same Messiah-soul that had dwelt in David, Elijah, Jesus, Mohammed, Sabbatai Zevi, and his followers. Jewish literature in the 18th century is full of controversial writing connected with Sabbatianism. As a special source of information on modern false Messiahs among the Jews, Lange mentions the serial Dibhre 'emeth, or Words of Truth (Breslau, 1853-54).

James Orr

FALSE, CHRISTS

fols.

See CHRISTS, FALSE.

Greek
5580. pseudochristos -- a false Christ or Messiah
... Messiah. Word Origin from pseudes and Christos Definition a false Christ
or Messiah NASB Word Usage false Christs (2). false Christ. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/5580.htm - 6k
Library

Thereafter He Shows that There are not Two Christs or Two Lords
... Book V. Section 5. Thereafter he shows that there are not two Christs or
two Lords. Section 5. Thereafter he shows that there are ...
/.../gregory of nyssa dogmatic treatises etc/section 5 thereafter he shows.htm

He Shows that those who Patronize this False Teaching Acknowledge ...
... Book VI. Chapter XV. He shows that those who patronize this false teaching
acknowledge two Christs. ... In your view then there are two Christs. ...
/.../cassian/the seven books of john cassian /chapter xv he shows that.htm

The Faithful in Baptism Males, Configured to Christ; the Saints ...
... Discourse VIII."Thekla. Chapter VIII."The Faithful in Baptism Males,
Configured to Christ; The Saints Themselves Christs. Let ...
/.../chapter viii the faithful in baptism.htm

On the Words, the Only-Begotten Son of God, Begotten of the Father ...
... But we must not simply believe in Christ Jesus nor receive Him as one of
the many who are improperly called Christs [1232] . For ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/lecture xi on the words.htm

(On the Mysteries. Iii. )
... Having therefore become partakers of Christ [2418] , ye are properly called Christs,
and of you God said, Touch not My Christs [2419] , or anointed. ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/lecture xxi on the mysteries.htm

He Then Explains the Phrase of S. Peter, "Him God Made Lord and ...
... ill of them on the score of stupidity, lays to their charge; and at the same time
he clearly introduces, by his doctrines and arguments, two Christs and two ...
/.../gregory/gregory of nyssa dogmatic treatises etc/section 2 he then explains.htm

The Situation of the Jews During this Period.
... For there shall arise false christs and false prophets (observe false "prophets"
as well as false christs; and note the order"false christs which is headed ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pink/the redeemers return/5 the situation of the.htm

Matt. xxiv. 33, 34
... Those about Jerusalem, those about the wars, about the famines, about the pestilences,
about the earthquakes, about the false Christs, about the false prophets ...
/.../homilies on the gospel of saint matthew/homily lxxvii matt xxiv 33.htm

Rom. I. 1, 2
... And Scripture has instances of calling such "Christs": inasmuch as the Spirit is
the chief point in the unction, and that for which the oil is used. ...
/.../chrysostom/homilies on acts and romans/homily i rom i 1.htm

A Fuller Account of the Errors of Photinus, Apollinaris and ...
... holds two distinct substances in Christ, brings in of a sudden two Persons, and
with unheard of wickedness would have two sons of God, two Christs,"one, God ...
/.../vincent/the commonitory of vincent of lerins/chapter xii a fuller account.htm

Thesaurus
Christs (2 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Christs, False: Our Lord warned his disciples that they
would arise (Matthew 24:24). ... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CHRISTS. krists. ...
/c/christs.htm - 14k

Anti-christs (1 Occurrence)
Anti-christs. Antichrists, Anti-christs. Anticipate . Multi-Version
Concordance Anti-christs (1 Occurrence). 1 John ...
/a/anti-christs.htm - 6k

False.
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CHRISTS, FALSE. fols (pseudo-christoi). ... See OATH;
PERJURY; CRIMES. FALSE, CHRISTS. fols. See CHRISTS, FALSE. PROPHESYINGS, FALSE ...
/f/false..htm - 16k

Wonders (111 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will
show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the ...
/w/wonders.htm - 35k

Deceive (48 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there shall arise false Christs, and false prophets, and shall
shew great signs and wonders; insomuch that, if it were possible, they shall ...
/d/deceive.htm - 22k

Displaying (4 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will rise up false Christs and false prophets, displaying
wonderful signs and prodigies, so as to deceive, were it possible, even God's ...
/d/displaying.htm - 7k

Miracles (65 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will
show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the ...
/m/miracles.htm - 25k

Perform (155 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will
show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the ...
/p/perform.htm - 41k

Prodigies (2 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will rise up false Christs and false prophets, displaying
wonderful signs and prodigies, so as to deceive, were it possible, even God's ...
/p/prodigies.htm - 7k

Possible (133 Occurrences)
... Matthew 24:24 For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will
show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the ...
/p/possible.htm - 36k

Concordance
Christs (2 Occurrences)

Matthew 24:24
For there will arise false christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Mark 13:22
For there will arise false christs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders, that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Christs

Related Terms

Anti-christs (1 Occurrence)

False.

Wonders (111 Occurrences)

Deceive (48 Occurrences)

Displaying (4 Occurrences)

Miracles (65 Occurrences)

Perform (155 Occurrences)

Prodigies (2 Occurrences)

Possible (133 Occurrences)

Astray (116 Occurrences)

Arise (235 Occurrences)

Saints (117 Occurrences)

Signs (127 Occurrences)

False (303 Occurrences)

Shew (226 Occurrences)

Elect (32 Occurrences)

God's (602 Occurrences)

Lying (203 Occurrences)

Ones (687 Occurrences)

Lie (291 Occurrences)

Lead (192 Occurrences)

Anticipate (5 Occurrences)

Rise (417 Occurrences)

Chosen (197 Occurrences)

Christ's (64 Occurrences)

Wonderful (71 Occurrences)

Insomuch (24 Occurrences)

True (305 Occurrences)

Turning (381 Occurrences)

Tricked (25 Occurrences)

Expectation (25 Occurrences)

Mislead (13 Occurrences)

Christology

Antichrists (1 Occurrence)

Antichrist (4 Occurrences)

Anti-christ (4 Occurrences)

Seduce (8 Occurrences)

Caesar's (10 Occurrences)

Indeed (628 Occurrences)

Prophets (270 Occurrences)

Appeared (137 Occurrences)

Dear (120 Occurrences)

Grace (277 Occurrences)

Order (809 Occurrences)

Messianic

Household (222 Occurrences)

Eschatology

Hope (291 Occurrences)

Tabeel (2 Occurrences)

Mouth (534 Occurrences)

View (86 Occurrences)

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