Adder
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Easton's Bible Dictionary
(Psalm 140:3; Romans 3:13, "asp") is the rendering of,

(1.) Akshub ("coiling" or "lying in wait"), properly an asp or viper, found only in this passage.

(2.) Pethen ("twisting"), a viper or venomous serpent identified with the cobra (Naja haje) (Psalm 58:4; 91:13); elsewhere "asp."

(3.) Tziphoni ("hissing") (Proverbs 23:32); elsewhere rendered "cockatrice," Isaiah 11:8; 14:29; 59:5; Jeremiah 8:17, as it is here in the margin of the Authorized Version. The Revised Version has "basilisk." This may have been the yellow viper, the Daboia xanthina, the largest and most dangerous of the vipers of Palestine.

(4.) Shephiphon ("creeping"), occurring only in Genesis 49:17, the small speckled venomous snake, the "horned snake," or cerastes. Dan is compared to this serpent, which springs from its hiding-place on the passer-by.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.

2. (n.) A serpent.

3. (n.) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho.

4. (n.) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc.

5. (n.) Same as Sea Adder.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ADDER

ad'-er (`akhshubh (Psalm 140:3); pethen (Psalm 58:4); tsiph`oni (Proverbs 23:32); shephiphon (Genesis 49:17); tsepha` (King James Version margin; Isaiah 14:29)): This word is used for several Hebrew originals. In each case a poisonous serpent is clearly indicated by the context. It is impossible to tell in any case just what species is meant, but it must be remembered that the English word adder is used very ambiguously. It is from the Anglo-Saxon noedre, a snake or serpent, and is the common English name for Vipera berus, L, the common viper, which is found throughout Europe and northern Asia, though not in Bible lands; but the word "adder" is also used for various snakes, both poisonous and non-poisonous, found in different parts of the world. In America, for instance, both the poisonous moccasin (Ancistrodon) and the harmless hog-nosed snakes (Heterodon) are called adders.

See SERPENT.

Alfred Ely Day

Greek
2191. echidna -- a viper
... Word Origin from echis (a viper, adder) Definition a viper NASB Word Usage
viper (1), vipers (4). viper. Of uncertain origin; an ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/2191.htm - 6k
Strong's Hebrew
6848. tsepha' -- a serpent
... 6847, 6848. tsepha'. 6848a . a serpent. Transliteration: tsepha' Phonetic Spelling:
(tseh'-fah; or tsiph Short Definition: adder. adder, cockatrice ...
/hebrew/6848.htm - 5k

8207. shephiphon -- horned viper
... adder. From an unused root meaning the same as shuwph; a kind of serpent (as snapping),
probably the cerastes or horned adder -- adder. see HEBREW shuwph. ...
/hebrew/8207.htm - 6k

6620. pethen -- (a venomous serpent) perhaps cobra
... adder. From an unused root meaning to twist; an asp (from its contortions) --
adder. 6619, 6620. pethen. 6621 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/6620.htm - 6k

5919. akshub -- asp, viper
... adder. Probably from an unused root meaning to coil; an asp (from lurking coiled
up) -- adder. 5918, 5919. akshub. 5920 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5919.htm - 5k

Library

The Portrait of a Drunkyard
... At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.33. Thine eyes
shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things.34. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture g/the portrait of a drunkyard.htm

On Grace.
... He lay asleep, and an adder came toward him: but this fly Saura flew before, and
lighted on his forehead, and pricked him a little, and therewith he wakened ...
/.../rolle/the form of perfect living and other prose treatises/on grace.htm

The Snare of the Fowler
... been so and is so still; and if he does not now attack us as the roaring lion, roaring
against us in persecution, he attacks us as the adder, creeping silently ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 3 1857/the snare of the fowler.htm

An Address to the Regenerate, Founded on the Preceding Discourses.
... Lord Jesus Christ himself, who spake with such unequaled eloquence, with such divine
energy, yet met with multitudes, who were like the deaf adder, that would ...
/.../doddridge/practical discourses on regeneration/discourse x an address to.htm

Continuation: Audacity of Satan.
... to be ignorant of the rest, furtively concealing what [the Scripture] predicted
concerning thee and thy servants: "Thou shalt tread upon the adder and the ...
/.../chapter x continuation audacity of satan.htm

Enduring to the End
... herald of the cross; and when the blandishments of early popularity have passed
away, as soon they must, the harsh croak of slander, and the adder's tongue of ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 10 1864/enduring to the end.htm

The Evangel Booklets
... Story. Anna Potter Wright.12. The Penitent Thief, and Naaman the Syrian. DL
Moody.13. Adder's Eggs and Spider's Webs. HA Ironside.14. Samuel Morris. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/moody/moodys stories/the evangel booklets.htm

A Discourse of Mercifulness
... the sinner is compared to a wolf for his savageness, to a lion for his fierceness
(Isaiah 11:6), to a bee for his sting (Psalm 118:12), to an adder for his ...
/.../15 a discourse of mercifulness.htm

Deaf Ears and Stammering Tongues.
... And some of us hear it not. They have stopped their ears like the deaf adder,
and so they go on wilfully sinning"deaf to the Voice of God. ...
/.../the life of duty a years plain sermons v 2/sermon xlvii deaf ears and.htm

The Doubting Soul More Particularly Assisted in Its Inquiries as ...
... You have felt it "bite like a serpent, and sting like an adder." (Prov.23:32) You
have beheld it with an abhorrence far greater than the delight which it ever ...
/.../chapter xiii the doubting soul.htm

Thesaurus
Adder (9 Occurrences)
... 3. (n.) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder
is the Vipera (Pelias) berus. ... 5. (n.) Same as Sea Adder. Int. ...
/a/adder.htm - 11k

Adder's (2 Occurrences)
... Multi-Version Concordance Adder's (2 Occurrences). Psalms 140:3 They have sharpened
their tongues like a serpent; adder's poison is under their lips. Selah. ...
/a/adder's.htm - 6k

Basilisk (3 Occurrences)
... to hiss": Isaiah 11:8; Isaiah 14:29; Isaiah 59:5 Jeremiah 8:17 Proverbs 23:32 m.
In Proverbs 23:32, the King James Version has "adder," margin "cockatrice"; in ...
/b/basilisk.htm - 9k

Asp (3 Occurrences)
... (see ADDER.). Noah Webster's Dictionary. 1. (n.) Same as Aspen. ... Pethen is also
translated ADDER (which see) in Psalm 58:4; Psalm 91:13. ...
/a/asp.htm - 9k

Deaf (22 Occurrences)
... even such to hear (Isaiah 42:18; Isaiah 43:8) and thereby to receive the Divine
mercy (Isaiah 29:18; Isaiah 35:5). The expression "deaf adder that stoppeth her ...
/d/deaf.htm - 15k

Serpent (40 Occurrences)
... The poisonous character of the serpent is alluded to in Jacob's blessing on Dan
(Genesis 49:17; see Proverbs 30:18, 19; James 3:7; Jeremiah 8:17). (see ADDER.). ...
/s/serpent.htm - 46k

Biteth (5 Occurrences)
... Genesis 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that
biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. ...
/b/biteth.htm - 7k

Viper (8 Occurrences)
... (see ADDER.). ... Genesis 49:17 Dan will be a serpent in the way, an adder in the path,
That bites the horse's heels, so that his rider falls backward. ...
/v/viper.htm - 10k

Zoology
... Pelican, Cormorant RATTAE: Ostrich Reptiles: CROCODILIA: Crocodile (Leviathan) CHELONIA:
Tortoise OPHIDIA: Serpent, Fiery Serpent, Adder, Asp, Vipet (sv SERPENT ...
/z/zoology.htm - 18k

Dan (71 Occurrences)
... characteristics of the tribe: unsteady, unscrupulous, violent, possessed of a certain
grim humor; stealthy in tactics-"a serpent in the way, an adder in the ...
/d/dan.htm - 41k

Concordance
Adder (9 Occurrences)

Genesis 49:17
Dan will be a serpent in the way, an adder in the path, That bites the horse's heels, so that his rider falls backward.
(WEB KJV ASV WBS YLT)

Job 20:16
He shall suck cobra venom. The viper's tongue shall kill him.
(See NIV)

Psalms 58:4
Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear;
(KJV ASV BBE DBY WBS RSV)

Psalms 91:13
Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS RSV)

Psalms 140:3
They have sharpened their tongues like a serpent; adders' poison is under their lips. Selah.
(Root in KJV ASV DBY WBS YLT)

Proverbs 23:32
At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS RSV)

Isaiah 11:8
And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the adder's den.
(ASV DBY RSV)

Isaiah 14:29
Don't rejoice, O Philistia, all of you, because the rod that struck you is broken; for out of the serpent's root an adder will emerge, and his fruit will be a fiery flying serpent.
(WEB ASV RSV)

Isaiah 59:5
They hatch adders' eggs, and weave the spider's web: he who eats of their eggs dies; and that which is crushed breaks out into a viper.
(Root in WEB ASV NAS RSV NIV)

Subtopics

Adder

Adder: A Venomous Serpent

Related Terms

Adder's (2 Occurrences)

Basilisk (3 Occurrences)

Asp (3 Occurrences)

Deaf (22 Occurrences)

Serpent (40 Occurrences)

Biteth (5 Occurrences)

Viper (8 Occurrences)

Zoology

Dan (71 Occurrences)

Venom (8 Occurrences)

Ostrich (9 Occurrences)

Flying (22 Occurrences)

Falleth (119 Occurrences)

Tumbles (1 Occurrence)

Rider (26 Occurrences)

Ear (670 Occurrences)

Emerge (2 Occurrences)

Drunkenness (10 Occurrences)

Deer (15 Occurrences)

Philistia (12 Occurrences)

Basilisk's (1 Occurrence)

Backward (39 Occurrences)

Bites (5 Occurrences)

Cockatrice (3 Occurrences)

Adders (4 Occurrences)

Addest (2 Occurrences)

Stingeth (1 Occurrence)

Sting (5 Occurrences)

Serpent's (7 Occurrences)

Snake (43 Occurrences)

Stoppeth (6 Occurrences)

Tribe (250 Occurrences)

Path (91 Occurrences)

Heel (8 Occurrences)

Fiery (47 Occurrences)

Falls (79 Occurrences)

Heels (11 Occurrences)

Horse-heels (2 Occurrences)

Added (97 Occurrences)

Horse's (3 Occurrences)

Horse (62 Occurrences)

Root (54 Occurrences)

Dragon (20 Occurrences)

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