1 Chronicles 12:1
Text Analysis
428 [e]וְאֵ֗לֶּה
Now these [were] the [men]Conj-w | Pro-cp
935 [e]הַבָּאִ֤ים
who cameArt | V-Qal-Prtcpl-mp
413 [e]אֶל־
1732 [e]דָּוִיד֙
6860 [e]לְצִ֣יקְלַ֔ג
at ZiklagPrep-l | N-proper-fs
5750 [e]ע֣וֹד
6113 [e]עָצ֔וּר
he was still a fugitiveV-Qal-QalPassPrtcpl-ms
6440 [e]מִפְּנֵ֖י
fromPrep-m | N-cpc
7586 [e]שָׁא֣וּל
1121 [e]בֶּן־
7027 [e]קִ֑ישׁ
of KishN-proper-ms
1992 [e]וְהֵ֙מָּה֙
and they [were]Conj-w | Pro-3mp
1368 [e]בַּגִּבּוֹרִ֔ים
among the mighty menPrep-b, Art | Adj-mp
5826 [e]עֹזְרֵ֖י
helpers inV-Qal-Prtcpl-mpc
4421 [e]הַמִּלְחָמָֽה׃
the warArt | N-fs

Hebrew Texts
דברי הימים א 12:1 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וְאֵ֗לֶּה הַבָּאִ֤ים אֶל־דָּוִיד֙ לְצִ֣יקְלַ֔ג עֹ֣וד עָצ֔וּר מִפְּנֵ֖י שָׁא֣וּל בֶּן־קִ֑ישׁ וְהֵ֙מָּה֙ בַּגִּבֹּורִ֔ים עֹזְרֵ֖י הַמִּלְחָמָֽה׃

דברי הימים א 12:1 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ואלה הבאים אל־דויד לציקלג עוד עצור מפני שאול בן־קיש והמה בגבורים עזרי המלחמה׃

דברי הימים א 12:1 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ואלה הבאים אל־דויד לציקלג עוד עצור מפני שאול בן־קיש והמה בגבורים עזרי המלחמה׃

דברי הימים א 12:1 Hebrew Bible
ואלה הבאים אל דויד לציקלג עוד עצור מפני שאול בן קיש והמה בגבורים עזרי המלחמה׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
Now these are the ones who came to David at Ziklag, while he was still restricted because of Saul the son of Kish; and they were among the mighty men who helped him in war.

King James Bible
Now these are they that came to David to Ziklag, while he yet kept himself close because of Saul the son of Kish: and they were among the mighty men, helpers of the war.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The following were the men who came to David at Ziklag while he was still banned from the presence of Saul son of Kish. They were among the warriors who helped him in battle.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

These are

1 Samuel 27:2,6 And David arose, and he passed over with the six hundred men that …

2 Samuel 1:1 Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned …

2 Samuel 4:10 When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have …

while he yet, etc. {heb] being yet shut up Sometimes, in the East, when a successful prince endeavoured to extirpate the preceding royal family, some of them escaped the slaughter, and secured themselves in an impregnable fortress, or in a place of great secrecy; while others have been known to seek an asylum in a foreign county, from when they have occasioned, from time to time, great anxiety and great difficulties to the usurper of the crown. The expression {shut up}, so often applied to the extermination of eastern royal families.

Deuteronomy 32:32 For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah: …

1 Kings 14:10 Therefore, behold, I will bring evil on the house of Jeroboam, and …

1 Kings 21:21 Behold, I will bring evil on you, and will take away your posterity, …

2 Kings 9:8 For the whole house of Ahab shall perish: and I will cut off from …

2 Kings 14:26 For the LORD saw the affliction of Israel, that it was very bitter: …

strictly speaking, refers to the two first of these cases; but the term may be used in a more extensive sense, for those who, by retiring into deserts, or foreign countries, preserve themselves from being slain by the men who usurp the dominions of their ancestors. Thus the term is here applied to David, though he did not shut himself up, strictly speaking, in Ziklag. It is described as a town in the country, and was probably an unwalled town; and it is certain that he did not confine himself to it, but, on the contrary, was continually making excursions from thence.


1 Chronicles 8:33 And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, …

1 Chronicles 9:39 And Ner begat Kish; and Kish begat Saul; and Saul begat Jonathan, …

the mighty

1 Chronicles 11:10,19,24,25 These also are the chief of the mighty men whom David had, who strengthened …

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1 Chronicles 11:47
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