Revelation 2:12
New International Version
"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword.

New Living Translation
"Write this letter to the angel of the church in Pergamum. This is the message from the one with the sharp two-edged sword:

English Standard Version
“And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: ‘The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.

Berean Study Bible
To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These are the words of the One who holds the sharp, double-edged sword.

Berean Literal Bible
And to the messenger of the church in Pergamum write: These things says the One having the sharp two-edged sword.

New American Standard Bible
"And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: The One who has the sharp two-edged sword says this:

King James Bible
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

Christian Standard Bible
"Write to the angel of the church in Pergamum: Thus says the one who has the sharp, double-edged sword:

Contemporary English Version
This is what you must write to the angel of the church in Pergamum: I am the one who has the sharp double-edged sword! Listen to what I say.

Good News Translation
"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: "This is the message from the one who has the sharp two-edged sword.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
"Write to the angel of the church in Pergamum: "The One who has the sharp, double-edged sword says:

International Standard Version
"To the messenger of the church in Pergamum, write: 'The one who holds the sharp, two-edged sword, says this:

NET Bible
"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write the following: "This is the solemn pronouncement of the one who has the sharp double-edged sword:

New Heart English Bible
"To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: "He who has the sharp two-edged sword says these things:

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And to The Messenger who is in the assembly of Pergamum, write: 'Thus says he who has the sharp sword of two edges.'”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"To the messenger of the church in Pergamum, write: The one who holds the sharp two-edged sword says:

New American Standard 1977
“And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: The One who has the sharp two-edged sword says this:

Jubilee Bible 2000
And to the angel of the congregation {Gr. ekklesia – called out ones} in Pergamos write; These things, saith he, who has the sharp sword with two edges:

King James 2000 Bible
And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write; These things says he who has the sharp sword with two edges;

American King James Version
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things said he which has the sharp sword with two edges;

American Standard Version
and to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to the angel of the church of Pergamus write: These things, saith he, that hath the sharp two edged sword:

Darby Bible Translation
And to the angel of the assembly in Pergamos write: These things says he that has the sharp two-edged sword:

English Revised Version
And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write; These things saith he that hath the sharp two-edged sword:

Webster's Bible Translation
And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things saith he who hath the sharp sword with two edges;

Weymouth New Testament
"To the minister of the Church at Pergamum write as follows: "'This is what He who has the sharp, two-edged sword says. I know where you dwell.

World English Bible
"To the angel of the assembly in Pergamum write: "He who has the sharp two-edged sword says these things:

Young's Literal Translation
'And to the messenger of the assembly in Pergamos write: These things saith he who is having the sharp two-edged sword:
Study Bible
To the Church in Pergamum
11He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who is victorious will not be harmed by the second death. 12To the angel of the church in Pergamum write: These are the words of the One who holds the sharp, double-edged sword. 13I know where you live, where the throne of Satan sits. Yet you have held fast to My name and have not denied your faith in Me, even in the day when My faithful witness Antipas was killed among you, where Satan dwells.…
Cross References
Isaiah 49:2
He made my mouth like a sharp sword; He hid me in the shadow of His hand. He made me like a polished arrow; He hid me in His quiver.

Revelation 1:11
saying, "Write in a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia, and Laodicea."

Revelation 1:16
He held in His right hand seven stars, and a sharp double-edged sword came from His mouth. His face was like the sun shining at its brightest.

Revelation 2:16
Therefore repent! Otherwise I will come to you shortly and wage war against them with the sword of My mouth.

Treasury of Scripture

And to the angel of the church in Pergamos write; These things said he which has the sharp sword with two edges;

the angel.

Revelation 2:1
Unto the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks;

Revelation 1:11
Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What thou seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

Pergamos.

Revelation 2:27
And he shall rule them with a rod of iron; as the vessels of a potter shall they be broken to shivers: even as I received of my Father.

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which hath.

Revelation 2:16
Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.

Revelation 1:16
And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance was as the sun shineth in his strength.

Revelation 19:15,21
And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God…







Lexicon
To the
τῷ (tō)
Article - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

angel
ἀγγέλῳ (angelō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 32: From aggello; a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication, a pastor.

of the
τῆς (tēs)
Article - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

church
ἐκκλησίας (ekklēsias)
Noun - Genitive Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1577: From a compound of ek and a derivative of kaleo; a calling out, i.e. a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation.

in
ἐν (en)
Preposition
Strong's Greek 1722: In, on, among. A primary preposition denoting position, and instrumentality, i.e. A relation of rest; 'in, ' at, on, by, etc.

Pergamum
Περγάμῳ (Pergamō)
Noun - Dative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4010: Pergamum, an important city of the Roman province Asia. From purgos; fortified; Pergamus, a place in Asia Minor.

write:
γράψον (grapson)
Verb - Aorist Imperative Active - 2nd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 1125: A primary verb; to 'grave', especially to write; figuratively, to describe.

These [are]
Τάδε (Tade)
Demonstrative Pronoun - Accusative Neuter Plural
Strong's Greek 3592: This here, this, that, he, she, it.

the words
λέγει (legei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's Greek 3004: (a) I say, speak; I mean, mention, tell, (b) I call, name, especially in the pass., (c) I tell, command.

of the [One who]
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

holds
ἔχων (echōn)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2192: To have, hold, possess. Including an alternate form scheo skheh'-o; a primary verb; to hold.

the
τὴν (tēn)
Article - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

sharp,
ὀξεῖαν (oxeian)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 3691: (a) sharp, (b) swift, eager. Probably akin to the base of akmen; keen; by analogy, rapid.

double-edged
δίστομον (distomon)
Adjective - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 1366: (lit: twain-mouthed; hence: of a sword, as a drinker of blood), two-edged. From dis and stoma; double-edged.

sword.
ῥομφαίαν (rhomphaian)
Noun - Accusative Feminine Singular
Strong's Greek 4501: A sword, scimitar; fig: war, piercing grief. Probably of foreign origin; a sabre, i.e. A long and broad cutlass.
(12) Pergamos.--Unlike Ephesus and Smyrna, Pergamos was not distinguished as a commercial city. Its importance was due to other causes. A striking coneshaped hill rose from the plain which bordered the northern banks of the Caicus. The hill was considered sacred. Its value as a strong natural fortress was early recognised, and it was used as a keep and treasury where local chieftains deposited their wealth. Its greatness as a city dated from Eumenes II., who was given by the Romans a large surrounding territory, and who fixed Pergamos as his royal residence. Under his auspices a splendid city--rich in public buildings, temples, art galleries, and with a library which rivalled that of Alexandria--rose into being. It has been described as a city of temples, "a sort of union of a pagan cathedral city, an university town, and a royal residence." It retained its splendour even after it passed by bequest to the Roman Republic, and was declared by Pliny to be a city unrivalled in the province of Asia.

Sharp sword with two edges.--See Note on Revelation 1:16. The appropriateness of this language to the state of the church in Pergamos will best appear afterwards. (See Note on Revelation 2:15-16.)

Verses 12-17. - The epistle to the Church at Pergamum. Verse 12. - Pergamum is the usual form both in Greek and Latin writers; "Pergamus" is very rare. And if Πέργαμος were right here, why "Pergamos" any more than "Ephesos"? The city lies north of Smyrna, in Mysia Major, or the right bank of the Caicus. Pergamum is first mentioned by Xenophon, and becomes important and magnificent under Attalus, the friend of the Romans (B.C. 241-197), and his son Eumenes (B.C. 196-159). Its library was second only to that of Alexandria; but Mark Antony took it to Egypt and gave it to Cleopatra. Parchment gets its name from Pergamum, and Galen the physician was born there. Pliny writes of "longe clarissimum Asiae Pergamum" - a description which probably has reference to its buildings. It still exists under the slightly changed name of Bergamah, or Bergma; and its ruins still tell of the magnificent public edifices which have caused it to be described as a "city of temples," and again as "a sort of union of a pagan cathedral city, a university town, and a royal residence." Its idolatrous rites were frequent and various, and the contamination which they spread is manifest from this epistle. The sharp two-edged sword (see notes on Revelation 1:16 and Revelation 2:13). How much this weapon is needed is shown by the evils protested against. 2:12-17 The word of God is a sword, able to slay both sin and sinners. It turns and cuts every way; but the believer need not fear this sword; yet this confidence cannot be supported without steady obedience. As our Lord notices all the advantages and opportunities we have for duty in the places where we dwell, so he notices our temptations and discouragements from the same causes. In a situation of trials, the church of Pergamos had not denied the faith, either by open apostacy, or by giving way so as to avoid the cross. Christ commends their stedfastness, but reproves their sinful failures. A wrong view of gospel doctrine and Christian liberty, was a root of bitterness from which evil practices grew. Repentance is the duty of churches and bodies of men, as well as of particular persons; those who sin together, should repent together. Here is the promise of favour to those that overcome. The influences and comforts of the Spirit of Christ, come down from heaven into the soul, for its support. This is hidden from the rest of the world. The new name is the name of adoption; when the Holy Spirit shows his own work in the believer's soul, this new name and its real import are understood by him.
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NT Prophecy: Revelation 2:12 To the angel of the assembly (Rev. Re Apocalypse) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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