And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover to the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: you shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And if a stranger . . . —The law respecting the stranger is contained in Exodus 12:48-49.Numbers 9:14-15. A stranger — Who is a proselyte. Namely, the tent of the testimony — Or, the tabernacle above the tent of the testimony; that is, that part of the tabernacle in which was the testimony, or the ark of the testimony; for there the cloudy pillar stood. This was an evident token of God’s special presence with, and providence over them. And this cloud was easily distinguished from other clouds, both by its peculiar figure, and by its constant residence in that place. Fire — That they might better discern it, and direct themselves and their journeys or stations by it. Had it been a cloud only, it had scarce been visible by night: and had it been a fire only, it would have scarce been discernible by day. But God was pleased to give them sensible demonstrations that he kept them night and day.A stranger, to wit, a proselyte. Exodus 12:48; Ben Gersom interprets this of the second passover, and of a proselyte that was not obliged to the first, he not being then a proselyte, but became one between the first and the second; and so Aben Ezra understands it of a second passover, though he observes, that some say the first is meant:
according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do; according to the several rites and ceremonies, whether of the first or second passover, that an Israelite was obliged to observe, the same a proselyte was to observe, and what they were has been already taken notice of:
ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger and for him that was born in the land: for a proselyte, and a native of Israel; see Exodus 12:49.And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)14. a stranger] a sojourner. The Heb. gêr has no exact equivalent in English. He was one who was not an Israelite but who, permanently or for a considerable period, put himself under Israelite protection and became a member of the community. He was sharply distinguished from a foreigner, who was making only a temporary stay in the country (tôshâbh, see Numbers 35:15). The latter was forbidden to eat the Passover (Exodus 12:45).
him that is born in the land] Heb. ’ezrâḥ, a native of the land, i.e. a full-blooded Israelite. R.V. sometimes ‘home-born,’ e.g. Numbers 15:13; Numbers 15:30.Verse 14. - Ye shall have one ordinance. This is repeated from Exodus 12:49 as a further warning not to tamper more than absolute necessity required with the unity, either in time or in circumstance, of the great national rite.
CHAPTER 9:15-23 THE SIGNALS OF GOD (verses 15-23).
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