And Jesus said to him, Truly I say to you, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, you shall deny me thrice.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Before the cock crow twice.—The word “twice” is omitted in many MSS. It agrees, however, with the emphatic mention of the cock crowing a “second time” in Mark 14:72, and with the form of the prediction in the same verse, and may fairly be regarded as the true reading, the omission in some MSS. being accidental.Matthew 26:20-35.
See on Lu 22:31-46.See Poole on "Mark 14:27"
that this day, which was then begun; for the Jews reckoned their days from evening, as in Genesis 1:5;
even in this night; this night to be observed, this night of the passover, before it is past:
before the cock crow twice; for there was a first and second cock crowing, the one at midnight, and the other near break of day, and which last is properly the cock crowing: the word "twice" is left out in the Ethiopic version:
thou shalt deny me thrice; as he did; See Gill on Matthew 26:34.And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, even in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Mark 14:30. To this over-confident ἀλλʼ οὐκ ἐγώ of the disciple, the Master returns a very pointed and peremptory reply: I tell thee that thou (σὺ emphatic) to-day (σήμερον), on this night (more precise indication of time), before the cock crow twice (still more precise indication of time), shall deny me, not once, but again and again and again (τρίς).30. in this night] Before the dawn of the morrow should streak the eastern sky, and in the darkness the cock should twice have crowed, he who had declared he would never be offended, would thrice deny that he had ever known his Lord. St Mark, as usual, records two points which enhance the force of the warning and the guilt of Peter, viz. (a) that the cock should crow twice, and (b) that after such warning he repeated his protestation with greater vehemence.Mark 14:30. Σὺ, thou) In antithesis to “yet will not I,” Mark 14:29.—ἢ δὶς, before that twice) A very striking circumstance, that Peter would not collect [recover] himself at the first cock-crowing. [Comp. note on Matthew 26:34.]Verse 30. - Verily I say unto thee, that thou to-day, even this night, before the cock crow twice, shalt deny me thrice. The day had begun. It began at six in the evening. It was already advanced. This second crowing of the cock is mentioned by St. Mark only; and it forms an additional aggravation of Peter's sin. The "cockcrowing" was a term used for one of the divisions of the night (see Mark 13:35). But it appears that there were three times at which the cock-crowing might be expected - namely,
(1) early in the night, between eleven and twelve;
(2) between one and two; and
(3) between five and six.
The two cock crowings here referred to would be the two last of the three here mentioned. It would probably be about 2 a.m., when the first trial of our Lord took place in the house of Caiaphas.
See on Matthew 26:34. Mark alone adds twice.
The compound verb signifies utterly deny.
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