And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and broke it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)As they did eat.—See Notes on Matthew 26:26-29.
Take, eat.—The latter word is wanting in many of the best MSS.Matthew 26:20-35.
See on Lu 22:7-23; Lu 22:39; and see on Joh 13:10, 11; Joh 13:18, 19; Joh 13:21-30.See Poole on "Matthew 26:26", and following verses to Matthew 26:30, where the very small differences between our evangelist and Matthew and Luke are also considered.
Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it; beginning and instituting a new feast, to be kept in aftertimes, in commemoration of his sufferings and death, now near at hand;
and gave to them, the disciples,
and said, take, eat: the word eat is not in the Vulgate Latin, Syriac, Arabic, Persic, and Ethiopic versions, and is wanting in some copies:
this is body; a figure and representation of it; See Gill on Matthew 26:26.And as they did eat, Jesus took bread, and blessed, and brake it, and gave to them, and said, Take, eat: this is my body.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Mark 14:22-25. The Lord’s Supper (Matthew 26:26-29, Luke 22:19-20), vide notes on Mt.’s account, to which Mk.’s closely corresponds.22–25. Institution of the Holy Eucharist
22. And as they did eat] On the departure of the Traitor the Saviour, as though relieved of a heavy load, broke forth into words of mysterious triumph (John 13:31-35), and then, as the meal went on, proceeded to institute the Holy Eucharist.
Jesus took bread] that is one of the unleavened cakes that had been placed before Him as the Celebrant or Proclaimer of the Feast.
and blessed] giving thanks and pronouncing the consecration, probably in the usual words, see above, Mark 14:16.
Take, eat] “Eat” is omitted here in the best editions.
this is my body] St Luke adds, “which is being (or on the point of being) given for you;” St Paul (1 Corinthians 11:24), “which is being (or on the point of being) broken for you,” while both add, “do this in remembrance of Me.”Mark 14:22. Ἄρτον, bread) Mark does not add the article.—μον, my) Understand, which is given for you, to be supplied by implication from Mark 14:24 [My blood, which is shed for many].Verse 22. - The last clause of this verse should be read thus: Take ye: this is my body (Λάβετε τοῦτό ἐστι τὸ σῶμά μοῦ). The institution of this Holy Sacrament took place at the close of the Paschal supper, but while they were yet at the table. The bread which our Lord took would most likely be unleavened bread. But this does not surely constitute a reason why unleavened bread should be used ordinarily in the celebration of the Holy Communion. The direction of the Prayer-book of the English Church is wise and practical, "It shall suffice that the Bread be such as is usual to be eaten." This is my body; that is, sacramentally. St. Augustine ('Sermo.,' 272) says, "How is the bread his body? and the cup, or that which the cup contains, how is that his blood? These are, therefore, called sacraments, because in them one thing is seen while another thing is understood" (quoted by Dr. Morison, p. 392).
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