But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and listened not to them; as the LORD had said.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)When Pharaoh saw that there was respite.—Hebrew, a breathing space.
He hardened his heart.—Hitherto Pharaoh’s nature had not been impressed; his heart had remained dull, callous, hard. Now an impression had been made (Exodus 8:8), and he must have yielded, if he had not called in his own will to efface it. Herein was his great guilt. (See the comment on Exodus 4:21.)Exodus 8:15. Pharaoh hardened his heart — Observe, he did it himself, not God, any otherwise than by not hindering.Exodus 7:14.
and hearkened not unto them; to Moses and Aaron, to let the children of Israel go, as they had required, and he had promised:
as the Lord had said; had foretold that he would not hearken to them, nor let Israel go as yet.But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)15. that the respite had come] the respite (or relief, Esther 4:14; lit. open space, width), promised in v. 10 f.
he made his heart stubborn] The word used by J; cf. Exodus 7:14.
and hearkened not, &c.] The closing phrase, from P: notice exactly the same words in Exodus 7:13; and cf. p. 55.
Plagues of frogs in different places are mentioned by the classical writers; they are also not unknown in modern times (DB. iii. 890). In Egypt ‘each year the inundation brings with it myriads of frogs, which swarm along the banks of the river and canals, and fill the night air with continual croakings’ (Sayce, EHH. 168); similarly Seetzen and other travellers cited by Di. ‘Accordingly here also the Hebrew tradition simply describes a miraculously intensified form of a natural phaenomenon characteristic of the country. For the frogs come at the signal given by Aaron’s wonder-working rod, they climb up even into the houses, and they disappear, not, as happens now, by returning to the water, or being devoured by the ibis or other water-birds, but by dying immediately, in immense numbers, upon the land’ (Di.).Verse 15. - When Pharaoh saw that there was respite. Literally, "a taking of breath," i.e., "a breathing-space." He hardened his heart. He became hard and merciless once more, believing that the danger was past, and not expecting any fresh visitation. As Isaiah says - "Let favour be shewed to the wicked, yet will he not learn righteousness" (Isaiah 26:10). Bad men "despise the riches of God's goodness and forbearance, and long-suffering, not knowing that the goodness of God leadeth them to repentance." In this way, they "treasure up to themselves wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God" (Romans 2:4, 5), either in this world or in the world to come. As the Lord had said. See Exodus 3:19; Exodus 4:21; Exodus 7:4. CHAPTER 8:16-19 Exodus 8:8), was a sign that he regarded the God of Israel as the author of the plague. To strengthen the impression made upon the king by this plague with reference to the might of Jehovah, Moses said to him (Exodus 8:9), "Glorify thyself over me, when I shall entreat for thee," i.e., take the glory upon thyself of determining the time when I shall remove the plague through my intercession. The expression is elliptical, and לעמר (saying) is to be supplied, as in Judges 7:2. To give Jehovah the glory, Moses placed himself below Pharaoh, and left him to fix the time for the frogs to be removed through his intercession.
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