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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

captivity; conversion; old age

Smith's Bible Dictionary


ATS Bible Dictionary

This word represents two distinct people, who, in accordance with the original Hebrew, might have been more properly called Sebaeans and Shebaeans.

1. The first denotes the inhabitants of the country called SEBA. This appears to have been the great island, or rather peninsula of Meroe, in northern Ethiopia, or Nubia, formed between the Nile and the Astaboras, now Atbara. Upon this peninsula lay a city of the like name, the ruins of which are still visible a few mile north of the modern Shendy. Meroe was a city of priests, whose origin is lost in the highest antiquity. The monarch was chosen by the priests from among themselves; and the government was being theocratic, being managed by the priest according to the oracle of Jupiter Ammon. This was the Seba of the Hebrews, according to Josephus, who mentions at the same time that it was conquered by Cambyses, and received from him the name Meroe, after his sister. With this representation accord the notices of Seba and its inhabitants in Scripture. In Genesis 10:7, their ancestor is said to be a son of Cush, the progenitor of the Ethiopians. In Isaiah 43:3 and Psalm 72:10, Seba is mentioned as a distant and wealthy country; in the former passage, it is connected with Egypt and Ethiopia; and Meroe was one of the most important commercial cities of interior Africa. These Sabeans are described by Herodotus as men of uncommon size. Compare Isaiah 45:14. A branch of this family, it is thought, located themselves near the head of the Persian Gulf; and the Sabeans mentioned in Job 1:15 were probably Cushites. See CUSH and RAAMAH.

2. The inhabitants of the country called SHEBA. The Sheba of Scripture appears to be the Saba of Strabo, situated towards the southern part of Arabia, at a short distance from the coast of the Red Sea, the capital of which was Mariaba, or Mareb. This region, called also Yemen, was probably settled by Sheba the son of Joktan, of the race of Shem, Genesis 10:28 1 Chronicles 1:22.

The queen of Sheba, who visited Solomon, 1 Kings 10:1-29 2 Chronicles 9:1-31 Matthew 12:42, and made him presents of gold, ivory, and costly spices, was probably the mistress of this region; indeed, the Sabeans were celebrated, on account of their important commerce in these very products, among the Greeks also, Job 6:19 Isaiah 60:6 Jeremiah 6:20 Ezekiel 27:22 38:13 Psalm 72:10,15 Joel 3:8. The tradition of this visit of the queen of Sheba to Solomon has maintained itself among the Arabs, who call her Balkis, and affirm that she became the wife of Solomon.

Besides the Joktanite Sabaeans, two others of the same name are mentioned in the Bible. 1. A son of Jokshan, and grandson of Abraham and Keturah, Genesis 10:28 2. A grandson of Cush. It is possible that these descendants of the Ethiopian Sheba may have had their residence in Africa; but the question of these two Shebas is obscure and difficult to determine. The Sebaeans and Shebaeans are both mentioned in the same prophecy, Psalm 72:10, as coming to lay their offerings at the feet of Christ.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Descendants of Seba (Genesis 10:7); Africans (Isaiah 43:3). They were "men of stature," and engaged in merchandise (Isaiah 45:14). Their conversion to the Lord was predicted (Psalm 72:10). This word, in Ezek. 23:42, should be read, as in the margin of the Authorized Version, and in the Revised Version, "drunkards." Another tribe, apparently given to war, is mentioned in Job 1:15.
Strong's Hebrew
7614. Sheba -- a territory in SW Arabia, also the name of one or ...
... of Noah NASB Word Usage Sabeans (1), Sheba (22). Sheba, Sabeans. Of foreign
origin; Sheba, the name of three early progenitors of ...
/hebrew/7614.htm - 6k

7615. Shebai -- descendant of Sheba
... Shebai. 7616 . descendant of Sheba. Transliteration: Shebai Phonetic Spelling:
(sheb-aw-ee') Short Definition: Sabeans. ... of Sheba NASB Word Usage Sabeans (1). ...
/hebrew/7615.htm - 6k

5436. Sebaim -- inhab. of Seba
... Sebaim. 5437 . inhab. of Seba. Transliteration: Sebaim Phonetic Spelling:
(seb-aw-ee') Short Definition: Sabeans. ... of Seba NASB Word Usage Sabeans (1). Sabean. ...
/hebrew/5436.htm - 6k


Against the Heresy of one Noetus.
... did show Himself, and conversed with men." And in another place he says, "Egypt
hath laboured; and the merchandise of Ethiopia and the Sabeans, men of stature ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/against the heresy of one.htm

Uniformity in all Things.
... When the messenger came to announce to Job that the Sabeans had plundered his goods
and slain his children, he said: "The Lord gave and the Lord taketh away [28 ...
/.../de liguori/uniformity with gods will/2 uniformity in all things.htm

How Every Nation was Denominated from their First Inhabitants.
... The children of these [four] were these: Sabas, who founded the Sabeans; Evilas,
who founded the Evileans, who are called Getuli; Sabathes founded the Sabathens ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 6 how every nation.htm

A Little Sanctuary
... know it was so; but the Lord regards these as instruments in his hand, and he says,
"I have done it," just as Job, when the Chaldeans and the Sabeans had swept ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 34 1888/a little sanctuary.htm

That Christ is God.
... Also in Isaiah: "Thus saith the Lord, the God of Sabaoth, Egypt is wearied; and
the merchandise of the Ethiopians, and the tall men of the Sabeans, shall pass ...
/.../cyprian/three books of testimonies against the jews/6 that christ is god.htm

The Story of Job
... in the oldest brother's house, a messenger came to Job and said, "The oxen were
ploughing and the asses were grazing near them when Sabeans suddenly attacked ...
// childrens bible/the story of job.htm

The Manichæan System.
... He next became associated with a party named Mugtasila (Baptizers), probably identical
with or closely related to the Mandæans and Sabeans, both of which ...
/.../chapter iii name manichaean system.htm

The Relation of Manichæism to the Old Babylonian Religion as Seen ...
... The researches of Chwolson, Nöldeke, Kessler and others, in the literature and history
of the Mandæans and the Sabeans, combined in the last case at least ...
/.../chapter v name relation of.htm

Outline of Manichæan History.
... the Manichæans as still existing in large numbers throughout all Mohammedan lands,
and especially in the region of Samarkand, where they were known as Sabeans ...
/.../chapter x name of manichaean.htm

By Evidence Gathered from Scripture the Unity of Father and Son is ...
... For thus saith the Lord of Sabaoth: [1706] "Egypt hath laboured, and the commerce
of the Ethiopians and Sabeans: mighty men shall come over to thee, and shall ...
/.../ambrose/works and letters of st ambrose/chapter iii by evidence gathered.htm

Sabeans (4 Occurrences)
... Job 1:15. Multi-Version Concordance Sabeans (4 Occurrences). Job 1:15 and
the Sabeans attacked, and took them away. Yes, they have ...
/s/sabeans.htm - 8k

Sheba (36 Occurrences)
... the Persian Gulf. (2.) Hebrews id. A son of Joktan (Genesis 10:28), probably
the founder of the Sabeans. (3.) Hebrews id. A son ...
/s/sheba.htm - 32k

Uz (8 Occurrences)
... 2:11), the Shuhites (Job 2:11), the Naamathites (Job 2:11), the Buzites (Job
32:2), and open to the inroads of the Chaldeans (Job 1:17), and the Sabeans (Job ...
/u/uz.htm - 14k

... 3. Semitic Sabeans and Their Commerce: It is the Semitic Sabeans, however, who are
the best known, and the two genealogies attributed to them (Joktan-Eber and ...
/s/sabaeans.htm - 9k

Sabe'ans (2 Occurrences)
Sabe'ans. Sabeans, Sabe'ans. Sabi . Multi-Version Concordance Sabe'ans
(2 Occurrences). ... Sabeans, Sabe'ans. Sabi . Reference Bible.
/s/sabe'ans.htm - 6k

Cush (31 Occurrences)
... etc.). It stands also associated with Elam (Isaiah 11:11), with Persia (Ezek.
38:5), and with the Sabeans (Isaiah 45:14). From these ...
/c/cush.htm - 25k

Raid (15 Occurrences)
... Job 1:15 and the Sabeans fell upon them , and took them away: yea, they have slain
the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell ...
/r/raid.htm - 11k

Robbery (18 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary Practised by the Ishmaelites (Genesis 16:12), the Chaldeans
and Sabeans (Job 1:15, 17), and the men of Shechem (Judges 9:25. ...
/r/robbery.htm - 16k

Beauteous (15 Occurrences)
... Ezekiel 23:42 And the voice of a multitude at ease 'is' with her, And unto men of
the common people are brought in Sabeans from the wilderness, And they put ...
/b/beauteous.htm - 11k

Bible Concordance
Sabeans (4 Occurrences)

Job 1:15 and the Sabeans attacked, and took them away. Yes, they have killed the servants with the edge of the sword, and I alone have escaped to tell you."

Isaiah 45:14 Thus says Yahweh: "The labor of Egypt, and the merchandise of Ethiopia, and the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over to you, and they shall be yours. They will go after you. They shall come over in chains; and they will bow down to you. They will make supplication to you:'Surely God is in you; and there is none else. There is no other god.

Ezekiel 23:42 And a voice of a multitude being at ease was with her: and with the men of the common sort were brought Sabeans from the wilderness, which put bracelets upon their hands, and beautiful crowns upon their heads.

Joel 3:8 And I will sell your sons and your daughters into the hand of the children of Judah, and they shall sell them to the Sabeans, to a people far off: for the LORD hath spoken it.



Sabeans: A People Who Invaded the Land of Uz

Sabeans: Giants Among

Sabeans: Prophecies Concerning

Sabeans: Proverbial Drunkards

Related Terms

Sheba (36 Occurrences)

Uz (8 Occurrences)


Sabe'ans (2 Occurrences)

Cush (31 Occurrences)

Raid (15 Occurrences)

Robbery (18 Occurrences)

Beauteous (15 Occurrences)

Carelessly (5 Occurrences)


Stature (22 Occurrences)

Merchandise (34 Occurrences)

Ethiopia (26 Occurrences)

Escaped (94 Occurrences)

Attacked (93 Occurrences)

Ham (16 Occurrences)

Chains (100 Occurrences)

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