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Easton's Bible Dictionary
An Arabian tribe descended from Midian. They inhabited principally the desert north of the peninsula of Arabia. The peninsula of Sinai was the pasture-ground for their flocks. They were virtually the rulers of Arabia, being the dominant tribe. Like all Arabians, they were a nomad people. They early engaged in commercial pursuits. It was to one of their caravans that Joseph was sold (Genesis 37:28, 36). The next notice of them is in connection with Moses' flight from Egypt (Exodus 2:15-21). Here in Midian Moses became the servant and afterwards the son-in-law of Reuel or Jethro, the priest. After the Exodus, the Midianites were friendly to the Israelites so long as they traversed only their outlying pasture-ground on the west of the Arabah; but when, having passed the southern end of Edom, they entered into the land of Midian proper, they joined with Balak, the king of Moab, in a conspiracy against them (Numbers 22:4-7). Balaam, who had been sent for to curse Israel, having utterly failed to do so, was dismissed by the king of Moab; nevertheless he still tarried among the Midianites, and induced them to enter into correspondence with the Israelites, so as to bring them into association with them in the licentious orgies connected with the worship of Baal-Peor. This crafty counsel prevailed. The Israelites took part in the heathen festival, and so brought upon themselves a curse indeed. Their apostasy brought upon them a severe punishment. A plague broke out amongst them, and more than twenty-four thousand of the people perished (Numbers 25:9). But the Midianites were not to be left unpunished. A terrible vengeance was denounced against them. A thousand warriors from each tribe, under the leadership of Phinehas, went forth against them. The Midianites were utterly routed. Their cities were consumed by fire, five of their kings were put to death, and the whole nation was destroyed (Joshua 13:21, 22). Balaam also perished by the sword, receiving the "wages of his unrighteousness" (Numbers 31:8; 2 Peter 2:15). The whole of the country on the east of Jordan, now conquered by the Israelites (see SIHON; OG), was divided between the two tribes of Reuben and Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh.

Some two hundred and fifty years after this the Midianites had regained their ancient power, and in confederation with the Amalekites and the "children of the east" they made war against their old enemies the Israelites, whom for seven years they oppressed and held in subjection. They were at length assailed by Gideon in that ever-memorable battle in the great plain of Esdraelon, and utterly destroyed (Judges 6:1-ch. 7). Frequent allusions are afterwards made to this great victory (Psalm 83:10, 12; Isaiah 9:4; 10:6). They now wholly pass away from the page of history both sacred and profane.

Strong's Hebrew
4092. Medani -- Midianite
... Medani. 4093 . Midianite. Transliteration: Medani Phonetic Spelling: (med-aw-nee')
Short Definition: Midianite. ... Midianite A variation of Midyaniy -- Midianite. ...
/hebrew/4092.htm - 5k

6698. Tsur -- "rock," a Midianite, also a Gibeonite
... 6697, 6698. Tsur. 6699 . "rock," a Midianite, also a Gibeonite. Transliteration:
Tsur Phonetic Spelling: (tsoor) Short Definition: Zur. ...
/hebrew/6698.htm - 6k

7552. Reqem -- "having many colors," a Midianite king, also two ...
... 7551, 7552. Reqem. 7553 . "having many colors," a Midianite king, also
two Israelites, also a city in Benjamin. Transliteration ...
/hebrew/7552.htm - 6k

2354. Chur -- four Israelites, also a Midianite
... 2353, 2354. Chur. 2355 . four Israelites, also a Midianite. Transliteration:
Chur Phonetic Spelling: (khoor) Short Definition: Hur. ...
/hebrew/2354.htm - 6k

6159. Oreb -- a Midianite
... 6158, 6159. Oreb. 6160 . a Midianite. Transliteration: Oreb Phonetic
Spelling: (o-rabe') Short Definition: Oreb. Word Origin from ...
/hebrew/6159.htm - 6k

2078. Zebach -- a Midianite king
... 2077, 2078. Zebach. 2079 . a Midianite king. Transliteration: Zebach
Phonetic Spelling: (zeh'-bakh) Short Definition: Zebah. Word ...
/hebrew/2078.htm - 6k

5891. Ephah -- two Israelites, also a Midianite
... 5890, 5891. Ephah. 5892 . two Israelites, also a Midianite. Transliteration:
Ephah Phonetic Spelling: (ay-faw') Short Definition: ephah. ...
/hebrew/5891.htm - 6k

6081. Epher -- two Israelites, also a Midianite
... 6080, 6081. Epher. 6082 . two Israelites, also a Midianite. Transliteration:
Epher Phonetic Spelling: (ay'-fer) Short Definition: Epher. ...
/hebrew/6081.htm - 6k

4084. Midyani -- a descendant of Midian
... 4083, 4084. Midyani. 4085 . a descendant of Midian. Transliteration: Midyani
Phonetic Spelling: (mid-yaw-nee') Short Definition: Midianite. ... Midianite. ...
/hebrew/4084.htm - 6k

4080. Midyan -- a son of Abraham and Keturah, also his desc. and ...
... Midian, Midianite. The same as midyan; Midjan, a son of Abraham; also his country
and (collectively) his descendants -- Midian, Midianite. see HEBREW midyan. ...
/hebrew/4080.htm - 6k


A Battle Without a Sword
... a fight; and, no doubt, the handful left felt some sinking of their courage when
they looked on their own small number and then on the widespread Midianite host ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/a battle without a sword.htm

Book 4 Footnotes
... [10] Such a large and distinct account of this perversion of the Israelites by the
Midianite women, of which our other copies give us but short intimations ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/book 4 footnotes.htm

The Nations of the South-East
... The southern portion of the kingdom had been overrun by Midianite hordes; the enemy
with whom the Israelites had to contend on Moabite soil was Midianite and ...
/.../sayce/early israel and the surrounding nations/chapter iii the nations of.htm

The Story of Gideon and his Three Hundred Soldiers
... On the plain, stretching up the side of another of these mountains, called
"the Hill of Moreh," was the camp of a vast Midianite army. ...
/.../marshall/the wonder book of bible stories/the story of gideon and.htm

Call for Volunteers.
... It would only make bad matters worse. This young upstart Gideon would soon be sorry
enough when he butted his head against the experienced Midianite leaders. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/gordon/quiet talks on service/call for volunteers.htm

Joseph, the Castaway.
... Then there passed by some Midianite merchants, and who drew Joseph out of the pit
and sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver, and he was ...
/.../lathbury/childs story of the bible/chapter vi joseph the castaway.htm

'Fit, Though Few'
... For seven years these Midianite marauders had paralysed Israel, and year by year
had swarmed up this valley from the eastern desert, and thence by the great ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture f/fit though few.htm

How, after the Death of Joshua their Commander, the Israelites ...
... They also gave land for habitation to the posterity of Jethro, the Midianite, who
was the father-in-law to Moses; for they had left their own country, and ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 2 how after the.htm

... but the time was not yet come, and they thrust him from them, so that he was forced
to fly for shelter to the desert, among the Midianite descendants of Abraham ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson iii egypt.htm

Solomon's Reign.
... of decay were several revolts: (1) that of Hadad the Edomite, who threw off the
Hebrew part of Edom independently: (2) that of Adad, the Midianite, who defiled ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter xii solomons reign.htm

Midianite (11 Occurrences)
... of history both sacred and profane. Multi-Version Concordance Midianite
(11 Occurrences). Genesis 37:28 Midianites who were merchants ...
/m/midianite.htm - 13k

Zebah (9 Occurrences)
... Gideon gained a great and decisive victory (Judges 8). Zebah and Zalmunna had succeeded
in escaping across the Jordan with a remnant of the Midianite host, but ...
/z/zebah.htm - 13k

Zalmunna (9 Occurrences)
... ze'-ba (zebhach, "victim"), zal-mun'-a (tsalmunna`, "protection refused"): Two
Midianite kings or chiefs whom Gideon slew (Judges 8:4-21 Psalm 83:11 (Hebrew ...
/z/zalmunna.htm - 13k

Midian (60 Occurrences)
... A Midianite, familiar with the desert, acted as guide ("instead of eyes") to the
children of Israel in their wilderness wanderings (Numbers 10:29). ...
/m/midian.htm - 32k

Midianites (30 Occurrences)
... A Midianite, familiar with the desert, acted as guide ("instead of eyes") to the
children of Israel in their wilderness wanderings (Numbers 10:29). ...
/m/midianites.htm - 21k

Mid'ianite (5 Occurrences)
Mid'ianite. Midianite, Mid'ianite. Midianites . Multi-Version Concordance ... (See
RSV). Midianite, Mid'ianite. Midianites . Reference Bible.
/m/mid'ianite.htm - 8k

Zimri (16 Occurrences)
... time that the rest of the people publicly mourned because of a plague that was due
to their own dealings with foreign women, brought a Midianite woman among ...
/z/zimri.htm - 18k

Zeeb (3 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary The wolf, one of the two leaders of the great Midianite
host which invaded Israel and was utterly routed by Gideon. ...
/z/zeeb.htm - 10k

Zur (9 Occurrences)
... Rock. (1.) One of the five Midianite kings whom the Israelites defeated and put
to death (Numbers 31:8). (2.) A Benjamite (1 Chronicles 8:30). Int. ...
/z/zur.htm - 10k

Woman (4043 Occurrences)
... Views regarding this person have been of two general classes: (1) She is to be
identified with Zipporah (Exodus 2:21 and elsewhere), Moses' Midianite wife, who ...
/w/woman.htm - 45k

Bible Concordance
Midianite (11 Occurrences)

Genesis 37:28 Midianites who were merchants passed by, and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites for twenty pieces of silver. They brought Joseph into Egypt.

Numbers 10:29 Moses said to Hobab, the son of Reuel the Midianite, Moses' father-in-law, "We are journeying to the place of which Yahweh said,'I will give it to you.' Come with us, and we will treat you well; for Yahweh has spoken good concerning Israel."

Numbers 25:6 Behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought to his brothers a Midianite woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, while they were weeping at the door of the Tent of Meeting.

Numbers 25:14 Now the name of the man of Israel that was slain, who was slain with the Midianite woman, was Zimri, the son of Salu, a prince of a fathers' house among the Simeonites.

Numbers 25:15 The name of the Midianite woman who was slain was Cozbi, the daughter of Zur; he was head of the people of a fathers' house in Midian.

Numbers 25:18 for they harass you, by their wiles wherewith they have beguiled you in the matter of Peor, and in the matter of Cozbi, the daughter of the prince of Midian, their sister, who was slain on the day of the plague in the matter of Peor.'
(See NIV)

Numbers 31:9 And the children of Israel took captive the women of Midian and their little ones; and all their cattle, and all their flocks, and all their goods, they took for a prey.
(See NIV)

Judges 7:13 And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man telling a dream unto his follow, and saying: 'Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the camp of Midian, and came unto the tent, and smote it that it fell, and turned it upside down, that the tent lay flat.'
(See NIV)

Judges 7:15 And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped; and he returned into the camp of Israel, and said: 'Arise; for the LORD hath delivered into your hand the host of Midian.'
(See NIV)

Judges 7:25 And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.
(Root in KJV WBS NIV)

Judges 8:3 God hath delivered into your hand the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb; and what was I able to do in comparison with you?' Then their anger was abated toward him, when he had said that.
(See NIV)



Related Terms

Zebah (9 Occurrences)

Zalmunna (9 Occurrences)

Midian (60 Occurrences)

Midianites (30 Occurrences)

Mid'ianite (5 Occurrences)

Zimri (16 Occurrences)

Zeeb (3 Occurrences)

Zur (9 Occurrences)

Woman (4043 Occurrences)

Raguel (1 Occurrence)

Ethiopian (11 Occurrences)

Cushite (15 Occurrences)

Cozbi (2 Occurrences)

Salu (1 Occurrence)

Slain (235 Occurrences)

Mid'ian (47 Occurrences)

Zipporah (3 Occurrences)

Kenites (8 Occurrences)

Oreb (4 Occurrences)

Jethro (10 Occurrences)


Gideon (45 Occurrences)

Ishmaelites (6 Occurrences)

Tabbath (1 Occurrence)

Reuel (14 Occurrences)

Rekem (6 Occurrences)

Reba (2 Occurrences)

Reu'el (10 Occurrences)

Moreh (3 Occurrences)

Moses's (15 Occurrences)

Phinehas (24 Occurrences)

Parts (856 Occurrences)

Barley (35 Occurrences)

Silverlings (24 Occurrences)

Simeonites (10 Occurrences)

Simeonite (3 Occurrences)

Back (5096 Occurrences)

Father-in-law (25 Occurrences)

Sell (58 Occurrences)

Journeying (36 Occurrences)

Hobab (3 Occurrences)

Hair (135 Occurrences)

Treat (53 Occurrences)

Setting (82 Occurrences)

Relatives (132 Occurrences)

Store (134 Occurrences)

Leader (183 Occurrences)

Belonging (90 Occurrences)

Promised (150 Occurrences)

Draw (212 Occurrences)

Profit (143 Occurrences)

Weeping (237 Occurrences)

Henoch (2 Occurrences)

Prince (160 Occurrences)

Hill (217 Occurrences)

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