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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

between two rivers

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(between the rivers), the entire country between the two rivers, the Tigris and the Euphrates. This is a tract nearly 700 miles long and from 20 to 250 miles broad, extending in a southeasterly direction from Telek to Kurnah . The Arabian geographers term it "the Island," a name which is almost literally correct, since a few miles only intervene between the source of the Tigris and the Euphrates at Telek . But the region which bears the name of Mesopotamia, par excellence , both in Scripture and in the classical writers, is the northwestern portion of this tract, or the country between the great bend of the Euphrates, lat. 35 degrees to 37 degrees 30, and the upper Tigris. We first hear of Mesopotamia in Scripture as the country where Nahor and his family settled after quitting Ur of the Chaldees. (Genesis 24:10) Here lived Bethuel and Laban; and hither Abraham sent his servants to fetch Isaac a wife. Ibid. ver. 38. Hither too, a century later, came Jacob on the same errand; and hence he returned with his two wives after an absence of twenty-one years. After this we have no mention of Mesopotamia till the close of the wanderings int he wilderness. (23:4) About half a century later we find, for the first and last time, Mesopotamia the seat of a powerful monarchy. (Judges 3:1) ... Finally, the children of Ammon, having provoked a war with David, "sent a thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Syria-maachah, and out of Zobah." (1 Chronicles 19:6) According to the Assyrian inscriptions Mesopotamia was inhabited in the early times of the empire, B.C. 1200-1100, by a vast number of petty tribes, each under its own prince, and all quite independent of one another. The Assyrian monarchs contended with these chiefs at great advantage, and by the time of Jehu, B.C. 880, had fully established their dominion over them. On the destruction of the Assyrian empire, Mesopotamia seems to have been divided between the Medes and the Babylonians. The conquests of Cyrus brought it wholly under the Persian yoke; and thus it continued to the time of Alexander. Since 1516 it has formed a part of the Turkish empire. It is full of ruins and mounds of ancient cities, some of which are now throwing much light on the Scripture.

ATS Bible Dictionary

Between the rivers, the Greek name of the country between the Euphrates and the Tigris, called in Arabic, Al Jezira, the island. See ARAM 2, and PADAN-ARAM. In its fullest sense, Mesopotamia extended from the Persian Gulf to mount Taurus; but the name usually denotes only the tract above Babylonia, now called Dearbekr and celebrated for its exuberant fertility; while the part below, now Irak-Arabi, is sterile and without water. Mesopotamia was including the territories of the Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Macedonian, and Roman empires successively, and belongs now to that of the Turks.

This region is associated with the earliest history of the human race both before and after the flood. Eden was not far off; Ararat was near to it on the north, and the land of Shinar on the south. The traveler here reaches what is truly "the Old World," and is surrounded by objects compared with which the antiquities of Greece and Rome are modern novelties. This was the home of the patriarchs who proceeded Abraham-Terah, Heber, Peleg, etc. Here Abraham and Sarah were born, and the wives of Isaac, and Jacob, and most of the sons of Jacob, the heads of the twelve tribes. Mesopotamia is also mentioned in Scripture as the abode of the first oppressor of Israel in the time of the judges, Jud 3:8-10; in the history of the wars of David, 2 Samuel 10:16; and as furnishing a delegation of Jews, and perhaps proselytes, to attend the Passover at Jerusalem, Acts 2:9.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The country between the two rivers (Hebrews Aram-naharaim; i.e., "Syria of the two rivers"), the name given by the Greeks and Romans to the region between the Euphrates and the Tigris (Genesis 24:10; Deuteronomy 23:4; Judges 3:8, 10). In the Old Testament it is mentioned also under the name "Padan-aram;" i.e., the plain of Aram, or Syria (Genesis 25:20). The northern portion of this fertile plateau was the original home of the ancestors of the Hebrews (Genesis 11; Acts 7:2). From this region Isaac obtained his wife Rebecca (Genesis 24:10, 15), and here also Jacob sojourned (28:2-7) and obtained his wives, and here most of his sons were born (35:26; 46:15). The petty, independent tribes of this region, each under its own prince, were warlike, and used chariots in battle. They maintained their independence till after the time of David, when they fell under the dominion of Assyria, and were absorbed into the empire (2 Kings 19:13).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia



3318. Mesopotamia -- Mesopotamia, a region through which the ...
... 3317, 3318. Mesopotamia. 3319 . Mesopotamia, a region through which the Tigris
and Euphrates Rivers flow. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine ...
// - 6k

5488. Charran -- Haran, a city in northwest Mesopotamia
... Haran, a city in northwest Mesopotamia. Part of Speech: Proper Noun, Indeclinable
Transliteration: Charran Phonetic Spelling: (khar-hran') Short Definition ...
// - 6k

897. Babulon -- "gate of god(s)," Babylon, a large city situated ...
... 897 -- , the wicked, godless city in ancient Mesopotamia, was the most powerful
city in the world in OT times (especially from 605 bc to 539 bc ). ...
// - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
2012. Hena -- a city in Aram (Syria) or Mesopotamia
... 2011, 2012. Hena. 2013 . a city in Aram (Syria) or Mesopotamia. Transliteration:
Hena Phonetic Spelling: (hay-nah') Short Definition: Hena. ...
/hebrew/2012.htm - 6k

2024. Hara -- a region of N. Mesopotamia
... 2023, 2024. Hara. 2025 . a region of N. Mesopotamia. Transliteration:
Hara Phonetic Spelling: (haw-raw') Short Definition: Hara. ...
/hebrew/2024.htm - 6k

8515. Telassar -- a city in Mesopotamia
... 8514, 8515. Telassar. 8516 . a city in Mesopotamia. Transliteration: Telassar
Phonetic Spelling: (tel-as-sar') Short Definition: Telassar. ...
/hebrew/8515.htm - 6k

2771a. Charan -- "crossroads," a city in N. Mesopotamia
... 2771, 2771a. Charan. 2771b . "crossroads," a city in N. Mesopotamia.
Transliteration: Charan Short Definition: Haran. Word Origin ...
/hebrew/2771a.htm - 5k

1470. Gozan -- a city and area in Mesopotamia
... 1469, 1470. Gozan. 1471 . a city and area in Mesopotamia. Transliteration:
Gozan Phonetic Spelling: (go-zawn') Short Definition: Gozan. ...
/hebrew/1470.htm - 6k

2771. Charan -- "crossroads," a city in N. Mesopotamia
... 2770, 2771. Charan. 2771a . "crossroads," a city in N. Mesopotamia.
Transliteration: Charan Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-rawn') Short Definition: Haran. ...
/hebrew/2771.htm - 5k

763. Aram Naharayim -- "Aram of (the) two rivers," a district of ...
... Aram of (the) two rivers," a district of Aram (Syria). Transliteration: Aram Naharayim
Phonetic Spelling: (ar-am' nah-har-ah'-yim) Short Definition: Mesopotamia ...
/hebrew/763.htm - 6k

758. Aram -- Syria and its inhab., also the names of a son of Shem ...
... Nahor, and an Isr. NASB Word Usage Aram (65), Aram-maacah* (1), Arameans
(64). Aram, Mesopotamia, Syria, Syrians. From the same as ...
/hebrew/758.htm - 6k

3529. Kebar -- a river of Bab.
... NASB Word Usage Chebar (8). Kebar, a river of Mesopotamia. The same as kbar; length;
Kebar, a river of Mesopotamia -- Chebar. Compare Chabowr. see HEBREW kbar. ...
/hebrew/3529.htm - 6k

5729. Eden -- a territory conquered by Assyr.
... NASB Word Usage Eden (3). Eden. From adan; pleasure; Eden, a place in Mesopotamia --
Eden. see HEBREW adan. 5728, 5729. Eden. 5730 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/5729.htm - 6k


Addæus Preached at Edessa and in Mesopotamia
... Addæus preached at Edessa and in Mesopotamia. Addæus [2948] preached at Edessa and
in Mesopotamia (he was from Paneus [2949] ) in the days of Abgar the king. ...
/...// decretals/iv addaeus preached at edessa.htm

How Throughout Palestine and Mesopotamia a Daily Service is ...
... Prolegomena. Chapter XIX. How throughout Palestine and Mesopotamia a daily
service is undertaken by the brethren. In order that ...
/.../cassian/the works of john cassian /chapter xix how throughout palestine.htm

Of Jacob's Mission to Mesopotamia to Get a Wife, and of the vision ...
... Chapter 38."Of Jacob's Mission to Mesopotamia to Get a Wife, and of the Vision Which
He Saw in a Dream by the Way, and of His Getting Four Women When He ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 38 of jacobs mission to.htm

Concerning Jacob's Flight into Mesopotamia, by Reason of the Fear ...
... From The Creation To The Death Of Isaac. CHAPTER 19. Concerning Jacob's Flight Into
Mesopotamia, By Reason Of The Fear He Was In Of His Brother. ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 19 concerning jacobs flight.htm

Why, in the Account of Terah's Emigration, on his Forsaking the ...
... Chapter 13."Why, in the Account of Terah's Emigration, on His Forsaking the Chaldeans
and Passing Over into Mesopotamia, No Mention is Made of His Son Nahor. ...
/...// of god/chapter 13 why in the account.htm

And Jacob, when He Went into Mesopotamia, Saw Him in a Dream...
he went into Mesopotamia, saw Him in a dream� And Jacob ...
/.../the demonstration of the apostolic preaching/chapter 45 and jacob when.htm

Propagation of Christianity among the Persians by Maruthas Bishop ...
... Book VII. Chapter VIII."Propagation of Christianity among the Persians
by Maruthas Bishop of Mesopotamia. About this same time ...
/.../chapter viii propagation of christianity among.htm

Of the Fall and Deception of a Monk of Mesopotamia.
... II. Second Conference of Abbot Moses. Chapter VIII. Of the fall and deception
of a monk of Mesopotamia. It is a long business too ...
/.../cassian/the works of john cassian /chapter viii of the fall.htm

Of the Time of the Migration of Abraham, When, According to the ...
... Therefore that was the number of the years of Terah, when Abraham departed out of
that city of Mesopotamia; for he had reached the seventy-fifth year of his ...
// of god/chapter 15 of the time of.htm

Psalm LX.
... To the end, in behalf of those men that shall be changed unto the title's inscription,
unto teaching for David himself, when he burned up Mesopotamia in Syria ...
/...// on the book of psalms/psalm lx.htm

Mesopotamia (8 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. MESOPOTAMIA. mes-o-ta'-mi-a. See SYRIA.
Multi-Version Concordance Mesopotamia (8 Occurrences). ...
/m/mesopotamia.htm - 11k

Mesopota'mia (7 Occurrences)
Mesopota'mia. Mesopotamia, Mesopota'mia. Mess . Multi-Version Concordance
Mesopota'mia (7 Occurrences). Acts 2:9 Parthians, and ...
/m/mesopota'mia.htm - 8k

Naharaim (5 Occurrences)
... in his hand. And he arose, and went to Mesopotamia, unto the city of Nahor.
(See JPS DBY YLT NIV). Deuteronomy 23:4 because they ...
/n/naharaim.htm - 8k

Chushanrishathaim (2 Occurrences)
... Cush of double wickedness, or governor of two presidencies, the king of Mesopotamia
who oppressed Israel in the generation immediately following Joshua (Judges ...
/c/chushanrishathaim.htm - 8k

Chushan-rishathaim (2 Occurrences)
... Cush of double wickedness, or governor of two presidencies, the king of Mesopotamia
who oppressed Israel in the generation immediately following Joshua (Judges ...
/c/chushan-rishathaim.htm - 8k

Othniel (7 Occurrences)
... Some thirty years after the death of Joshua, the Israelites fell under the
subjection of Chushan-rishathaim (qv), the king of Mesopotamia. ...
/o/othniel.htm - 10k

Cushan-rishathaim (2 Occurrences)
... he of the twofold crime"; Septuagint Chousarsathaim, the King James Version
Chushan-rishathaim): Mentioned in Judges 3:8-10 as a king of Mesopotamia who was ...
/c/cushan-rishathaim.htm - 8k

Aram-naharaim (5 Occurrences)
... Aram of the two rivers, is Mesopotamia (as it is rendered in Genesis 24:10), the
country enclosed between the Tigris on the east and the Euphrates on the west ...
/a/aram-naharaim.htm - 9k

Ur (5 Occurrences)
... or Harran. Harran was in Mesopotamia, and took its name from the highroad
which led through it from the east to the west. The name ...
/u/ur.htm - 15k

Parthians (1 Occurrence)
... in Josephus, and they had an important connection with the history of the Jews,
on account of the large colonies of the latter in Mesopotamia, and the ...
/p/parthians.htm - 16k

Bible Concordance
Mesopotamia (8 Occurrences)

Acts 2:9 Parthians, Medes, Elamites, and people from Mesopotamia, Judea, Cappadocia, Pontus, Asia,

Acts 7:2 He said, "Brothers and fathers, listen. The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he lived in Haran,

Genesis 24:10 The servant took ten camels, of his master's camels, and departed, having a variety of good things of his master's with him. He arose, and went to Mesopotamia, to the city of Nahor.

Deuteronomy 23:4 because they didn't meet you with bread and with water in the way, when you came forth out of Egypt, and because they hired against you Balaam the son of Beor from Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse you.

Judges 3:8 Therefore the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Cushan Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Cushan Rishathaim eight years.

Judges 3:10 The Spirit of Yahweh came on him, and he judged Israel; and he went out to war, and Yahweh delivered Cushan Rishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand: and his hand prevailed against Cushan Rishathaim.

1 Chronicles 19:6 When the children of Ammon saw that they had made themselves odious to David, Hanun and the children of Ammon sent one thousand talents of silver to hire them chariots and horsemen out of Mesopotamia, and out of Arammaacah, and out of Zobah.

Psalms 60:1 {To the chief Musician. On Shushan. Testimony. Michtam of David; to teach: when he strove with the Syrians of Mesopotamia, and the Syrians of Zobah, and Joab returned, and smote the Edomites in the valley of salt, twelve thousand.} O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased: restore us again.



Mesopotamia: Abraham a Native of

Mesopotamia: Balaam From

Mesopotamia: Chariots Hired From, by the Ammonites

Mesopotamia: Delivered From, by Othniel

Mesopotamia: Nahor Lived In

Mesopotamia: People of, Present at Pentecost

Mesopotamia: People Who Lived In, Called Syrians

Mesopotamia: The People of Israel Subjected To, Eight Years Under the Judgments of Gog

Related Terms

Mesopota'mia (7 Occurrences)

Naharaim (5 Occurrences)

Chushanrishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Chushan-rishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Othniel (7 Occurrences)

Cushan-rishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Aram-naharaim (5 Occurrences)

Ur (5 Occurrences)

Parthians (1 Occurrence)


Dispersion (4 Occurrences)

Laban (52 Occurrences)

Tigris (2 Occurrences)

Tikvath (1 Occurrence)

Tikvah (2 Occurrences)

Telassar (2 Occurrences)

Rishathaim (2 Occurrences)

Epistles (2 Occurrences)

Eden (19 Occurrences)

East (228 Occurrences)

Dwelling (340 Occurrences)

Mash (2 Occurrences)

Pethor (2 Occurrences)


Paddan-aram (10 Occurrences)

Chaldees (13 Occurrences)

Chebar (8 Occurrences)

Cushan (3 Occurrences)

Aramaic (12 Occurrences)

Babylon (270 Occurrences)

Esau (89 Occurrences)




Medes (15 Occurrences)

Haran (19 Occurrences)

Crafts (2 Occurrences)

Syria (73 Occurrences)

Aram (130 Occurrences)

Syrians (63 Occurrences)

Balaam (62 Occurrences)

Elamites (2 Occurrences)

Elam (24 Occurrences)

Variety (1 Occurrence)

Nimrod (4 Occurrences)

Nahor (18 Occurrences)

Uz (8 Occurrences)

Odious (9 Occurrences)

Overpowered (12 Occurrences)

Jacob (361 Occurrences)

Lion (92 Occurrences)

Gozan (5 Occurrences)

Gopher (1 Occurrence)

Gourd (4 Occurrences)


Glorious (91 Occurrences)

Wood (226 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Inhabit (29 Occurrences)

Furnace (35 Occurrences)

Forefather (33 Occurrences)

Tarsus (5 Occurrences)

Terah (12 Occurrences)

Tahpanhes (7 Occurrences)

Rachel (42 Occurrences)

Residents (9 Occurrences)

Riblah (12 Occurrences)

E'lamites (1 Occurrence)

Exile (101 Occurrences)

Dwelt (307 Occurrences)

Dung (27 Occurrences)

Dwellers (12 Occurrences)

Drawer (1 Occurrence)

Deer (15 Occurrences)

Mesobaite (1 Occurrence)

Media (14 Occurrences)

Peleg (8 Occurrences)

Pits (13 Occurrences)

Padanaram (10 Occurrences)

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