Numbers 1:3
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
You and Aaron are to count according to their divisions all the men in Israel who are twenty years old or more and able to serve in the army.

New Living Translation
twenty years old or older who are able to go to war. You and Aaron must register the troops,

English Standard Version
From twenty years old and upward, all in Israel who are able to go to war, you and Aaron shall list them, company by company.

New American Standard Bible
from twenty years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

King James Bible
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You and Aaron are to register those who are 20 years old or more by their military divisions--everyone who can serve in Israel's army.

International Standard Version
from 20 years and upward. You and Aaron are to register everyone in Israel who is able to go to war, company by company.

NET Bible
You and Aaron are to number all in Israel who can serve in the army, those who are twenty years old or older, by their divisions.

New Heart English Bible
from twenty years old and upward, all who are able to go out to war in Israel. You and Aaron shall number them by their divisions.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
who is at least 20 years old. You and Aaron must register everyone in Israel who is eligible for military duty. List them by divisions.

JPS Tanakh 1917
from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: ye shall number them by their hosts, even thou and Aaron.

New American Standard 1977
from twenty years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

Jubilee Bible 2000
from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel; thou and Aaron shall number them by their hosts.

King James 2000 Bible
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

American King James Version
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

American Standard Version
from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel, thou and Aaron shall number them by their hosts.

Douay-Rheims Bible
From twenty years old and upwards, of all the men of Israel fit for war, and you shall number them by their troops, thou and Aaron.

Darby Bible Translation
from twenty years and upward, all that go forth to military service in Israel: ye shall number them according to their hosts, thou and Aaron.

English Revised Version
from twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel, thou and Aaron shall number them by their hosts.

Webster's Bible Translation
From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel; thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

World English Bible
from twenty years old and upward, all who are able to go out to war in Israel. You and Aaron shall number them by their divisions.

Young's Literal Translation
from a son of twenty years and upward, every one going out to the host in Israel, ye do number them by their hosts, thou and Aaron;
Study Bible
The Census of Israel's Warriors
2"Take a census of all the congregation of the sons of Israel, by their families, by their fathers' households, according to the number of names, every male, head by head 3from twenty years old and upward, whoever is able to go out to war in Israel, you and Aaron shall number them by their armies. 4"With you, moreover, there shall be a man of each tribe, each one head of his father's household.…
Cross References
Exodus 30:14
"Everyone who is numbered, from twenty years old and over, shall give the contribution to the LORD.

Exodus 38:26
a beka a head (that is, half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary), for each one who passed over to those who were numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

1 Chronicles 5:18
The sons of Reuben and the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, consisting of valiant men, men who bore shield and sword and shot with bow and were skillful in battle, were 44,760, who went to war.

2 Chronicles 25:5
Moreover, Amaziah assembled Judah and appointed them according to their fathers' households under commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds throughout Judah and Benjamin; and he took a census of those from twenty years old and upward and found them to be 300,000 choice men, able to go to war and handle spear and shield.
Treasury of Scripture

From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: you and Aaron shall number them by their armies.

twenty

Numbers 14:29 Your carcasses shall fall in this wilderness; and all that were numbered …

Numbers 32:11 Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years …

Exodus 30:14 Every one that passes among them that are numbered, from twenty years …

able

Numbers 26:2 Take the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from …

Deuteronomy 3:18 And I commanded you at that time, saying, The LORD your God has given …

Deuteronomy 24:5 When a man has taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither …

2 Samuel 24:9 And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people to the king…

2 Chronicles 17:13-18 And he had much business in the cities of Judah: and the men of war, …

2 Chronicles 26:11-13 Moreover Uzziah had an host of fighting men, that went out to war by bands…

by their

Numbers 33:1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel…

Exodus 12:17 And you shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this …

(3) From twenty years old and upward.--The result of the previous numbering (Exodus 30:12; Exodus 38:26), which was made about six months earlier, and which was probably obtained by counting the number of half-shekels which were paid, as Ithamar appears to have done (Exodus 38:2), exactly corresponds with the result of the present census (Numbers 1:46). But the complete census, or numbering and enrolment of the persons according to tribes, families, and fathers' houses, appears to have been deferred until after the erection of the tabernacle, towards the construction of which the atonement money had been paid. If the whole was done in obedience to the command contained in Exodus 30:12, and was regarded as one transaction, those only would be numbered on the second occasion who had already paid their atonement money. There is nothing impossible in the supposition that the whole of those who had been numbered six months previously were still alive, but no allowance is made, on this supposition, for the number of those who were below twenty years of age at the earlier period, and who had exceeded that age at the later period. Inasmuch, however, as the sum-total in both cases is divisible by ten, and inasmuch as the separate items in this chapter are given in tens (the smallest subdivision of the people which was adopted by Moses, on the recommendation of Jethro, Exodus 18:21), no objection to the historical accuracy of both records can be sustained if it be allowed that the number of those who had attained the age of twenty years since the earlier census corresponded nearly with the number of deaths during the same period. The whole of the objection, however, is removed in a far more satisfactory manner by the supposition that there was only one census. (See the Introduction.)

By their armies.--Better, their hosts or companies.

Verse 3. - By their armies. Every citizen was a soldier. The military monarchies of mediaeval or of modern days, with their universal obligation to service in the ranks, have (so far) but followed the example of ancient Israel. From twenty years old and upwards,.... All that had entered into their twentieth year, or, as it should rather seem, who were full twenty years of age, and all that were above it without any limitation; though some limit it to fifty, and others to sixty years, when men may be reasonably excused going to war; for to know who were fit for it seems to be a principal design of this order, as follows:

all that are able to go forth to war in Israel; who being about to journey, might expect to meet with enemies, with whom they would be obliged to engage in battle; and therefore it was proper to know their strength, and whom to call out upon occasion: Aben Ezra observes, that the phrase "in Israel" excepts the mixed multitude; those were not of Israel, and so not numbered, and perhaps not to be trusted or depended upon in war; nor were they mustered and marshalled by the standards of the several tribes; in a mystical sense, those numbered may signify the valiant of Israel, the same as the young men in 1 John 2:14; see Sol 3:7,

thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies; each tribe making a considerable army; see Gill on Exodus 7:4; these people were now typical of the church of God in its militant state in the wilderness, for which they are provided, and prepared, and accoutred. 3. Aaron shall number them by their armies—or companies. In their departure from Egypt they were divided into five grand companies (Ex 13:18), but from the sojourn in the wilderness to the passage of the Jordan, they were formed into four great divisions. The latter is here referred to.1:1-43 The people were numbered to show God's faithfulness in thus increasing the seed of Jacob, that they might be the better trained for the wars and conquest of Canaan, and to ascertain their families in order to the division of the land. It is said of each tribe, that those were numbered who were able to go forth to war; they had wars before them, though now they met with no opposition. Let the believer be prepared to withstand the enemies of his soul, though all may appear to be peace.
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