Numbers 1
International Standard Version

A Census of Israel is Taken

(2 Samuel 24:1-9; 1 Chronicles 21:1-6)

1In the Sinai desert, the LORD spoke to Moses inside the Tent of Meeting on the first day of the second month of the second year after they had left the land of Egypt. He said, 2“Take a census of the entirea Israeli community, numbering them by their tribesb and by ancestral houses. List the names of every male one-by-one, 3from 20 years and upward. You and Aaron are to register everyone in Israel who is able to go to war, company by company. 4One man from each tribe is to accompany you, each man being the leader of his ancestral house.

5“Here is a list of names of the men who are to assistc you:

“From Reuben: Shedeur’s son Elizur. 6From Simeon: Zurishaddai’s son Shelumiel. 7From Judah: Amminadab’s son Nahshon. 8From Issachar: Zuar’s son Nethanel. 9From Zebulun: Helon’s son Eliab.

10“From Joseph’s descendants through Ephraim: Ammihud’s son Elishama. From Manasseh: Pedahzur’s son Gamaliel. 11From Benjamin: Gideoni’s son Abidan. 12From Dan: Ammishaddai’s son Ahiezer. 13From Asher: Ochran’s son Pagiel. 14From Gad: Deuel’s son Eliasaph. 15From Naphtali: Enan’s son Ahira.”

16These men were appointed from within their communities, since they were leaders of their ancestral houses and heads of the tribes of Israel.

17Moses and Aaron gathered these men who had been mentioned by name. 18They assembled the entire community together during the second month. Then they recorded their ancestries,d according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as well as the names of the mene 20 years old and above individually,f 19just as the LORD had commanded Moses. He numbered them in the Sinai desert.

Numbering the Tribes

20The genealogies of the descendants of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel, were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 21Those registered with the tribe of Reuben numbered 46,500.

22The genealogies of Simeon’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 23Those registered with the tribe of Simeon numbered 59,300.

24The genealogies of Gad’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 25Those registered with the tribe of Gad numbered 45,650.

26The genealogies of Judah’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 27Those registered with the tribe of Judah numbered 74,600.

28The genealogies of Issachar’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 29Those registered with the tribe of Issachar numbered 54,400.

30The genealogies of Zebulun’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 31Those registered with the tribe of Zebulun numbered 57,400.

32The genealogies of Joseph’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 33Those registered with the tribe of Joseph numbered 40,500.

34The genealogies of Manasseh’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 35Those registered with the tribe of Manasseh numbered 32,200.

36The genealogies of Benjamin’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 37Those registered with the tribe of Benjamin numbered 35,400.

38The genealogies of Dan’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 39Those registered with the tribe of Dan numbered 62,700.

40The genealogies of Asher’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 41Those registered with the tribe of Asher numbered 41,500.

42The genealogies of Naphtali’s descendants were recorded individually, according to their tribes and ancestral houses, as were the names of all the men 20 years and above who could serve in the army. 43Those registered with the family of Naphtali numbered 53,400.

44These individuals were the ones whom Moses and Aaron registered from the twelve leaders of Israel, each person from his ancestral house. 45Everyone was numbered from the descendants of Israel, from their ancestral houses, from all the men who were 20 years and above and who could serve in the army. 46The total of all those who were numbered was 603,550.

Exemption of the Tribe of Levi from the Census

47The descendants of Levi were not counted according to their ancestral houses 48because the LORD had ordered Moses: 49“Be sure not to number or count the tribe of Levi with the rest of the Israelis. 50Instead, appoint the descendants of Levi over the Tent of Meeting, all the vessels, and everything in it. They are to carry the tent and all the vessels in it. They are to attend to it and camp around it. 51Whenever the tent is ready for travel, the descendants of Levi are to take it down. When it’s time to encamp, the descendants of Levi are to set it up. Any unauthorized persong who approaches it is to be executed. 52Then the Israelis are to encamp around the tent,h arranged according to their company and the standard of their army. 53But the descendants of Levi are to encamp on all sides of the Tent of Meeting so that divine wrath won’t fall on the congregation of Israel.i The descendants of Levi are to take care of the Tent of Meeting.”

54The Israelis observed everything that the LORD had commanded Moses, doing exactly what they were told.


Footnotes:
a 1:2 Lit. census of the head of all the
b 1:2 Or families; and so throughout the book
c 1:5 Lit. to stand with
d 1:18 Or genealogies; and so throughout the book
e 1:18 Or sons of Israel; and so throughout the book
f 1:18 Lit. according to their heads; and so throughout the book
g 1:51 Lit. stranger
h 1:52 The Heb. lacks around the tent
i 1:53 Lit. sons of Israel



The Holy Bible: International Standard Version® Release 2.1
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