Nehemiah 9:38
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"In view of all this, we are making a binding agreement, putting it in writing, and our leaders, our Levites and our priests are affixing their seals to it."

New Living Translation
The people responded, "In view of all this, we are making a solemn promise and putting it in writing. On this sealed document are the names of our leaders and Levites and priests."

English Standard Version
“Because of all this we make a firm covenant in writing; on the sealed document are the names of our princes, our Levites, and our priests.

New American Standard Bible
"Now because of all this We are making an agreement in writing; And on the sealed document are the names of our leaders, our Levites and our priests."

King James Bible
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In view of all this, we are making a binding agreement in writing on a sealed document containing the names of our leaders, Levites, and priests.

International Standard Version
"Because of all this, we are making a binding agreement, putting it in writing, and our leaders, our descendants of Levi, and our priests hereby set their seals upon it."

NET Bible
"Because of all of this we are entering into a binding covenant in written form; our leaders, our Levites, and our priests have affixed their names on the sealed document."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"We are making a binding agreement [and putting it] in writing because of all this. Our leaders, Levites, and priests are putting their seals on the document."

Jubilee Bible 2000
And because of all this, we make a sure covenant and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests seal unto it.

King James 2000 Bible
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our leaders, Levites, and priests, seal it.

American King James Version
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal to it.

American Standard Version
And yet for all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, our Levites, and our priests, seal unto it.

Douay-Rheims Bible
and because of all this we ourselves make a covenant, and write it, and our princes, our Levites, and our priests sign it.

Darby Bible Translation
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, our Levites, [and] our priests are at the sealing.

English Revised Version
And yet for all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, our Levites, and our priests, seal unto it.

Webster's Bible Translation
And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, set their seals to it.

World English Bible
Yet for all this, we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, our Levites, [and] our priests, seal to it."

Young's Literal Translation
And for all this we are making a stedfast covenant, and are writing, and over him who is sealed are our heads, our Levites, our priests.'
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

9:4-38 The summary of their prayers we have here upon record. Much more, no doubt, was said. Whatever ability we have to do any thing in the way of duty, we are to serve and glorify God according to the utmost of it. When confessing our sins, it is good to notice the mercies of God, that we may be the more humbled and ashamed. The dealings of the Lord showed his goodness and long-suffering, and the hardness of their hearts. The testimony of the prophets was the testimony of the Spirit in the prophets, and it was the Spirit of Christ in them. They spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost, and what they said is to be received accordingly. The result was, wonder at the Lord's mercies, and the feeling that sin had brought them to their present state, from which nothing but unmerited love could rescue them. And is not their conduct a specimen of human nature? Let us study the history of our land, and our own history. Let us recollect our advantages from childhood, and ask what were our first returns? Let us frequently do so, that we may be kept humble, thankful, and watchful. Let all remember that pride and obstinacy are sins which ruin the soul. But it is often as hard to persuade the broken-hearted to hope, as formerly it was to bring them to fear. Is this thy case? Behold this sweet promise, A God ready to pardon! Instead of keeping away from God under a sense of unworthiness, let us come boldly to the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need. He is a God ready to pardon.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 38. - Because of all this. Because of our past sins and their punishment - to prevent a recurrence of similar conduct and similar afflictions. We... seal unto it. In the East it is always the seal that authenticates a document. Babylonian documents were often stamped with half a dozen seals or more. These were impressed upon the moist clay, and then the clay was baked. Sometimes each party to the contract stamped his seal upon a separate piece of sealing clay, which he then attached to the document by means of a string (Layard, 'Nineveh and Babylon,' p. 154). Any number of seals could be attached in this way.





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And because of all this,.... Of all this distress, and that it might be removed, and be clear of it; or "in all this distress and evil", as Jarchi and Aben Ezra, in the midst of it all:

we make a sure covenant; or faithfully promise to observe the law of God, and particularly put away strange wives, and not intermarry with the people of the land:

and write it; that it may remain and be a testimony against them should they break it, being their own handwriting:

and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal unto it; as witnesses of it, and thereby binding themselves to observe the same things; their names that sealed are given in the next chapter.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

38. we make a sure covenant, and write—that is, subscribe or sign it. This written document would exercise a wholesome influence in restraining their backslidings or in animating them to duty, by being a witness against them if in the future they were unfaithful to their engagements.

Nehemiah 9:38 Additional Commentaries
Context
The People Confess Their Sins
37"Its abundant produce is for the kings Whom You have set over us because of our sins; They also rule over our bodies And over our cattle as they please, So we are in great distress. 38"Now because of all this We are making an agreement in writing; And on the sealed document are the names of our leaders, our Levites and our priests."
Cross References
Matthew 27:66
So they went and made the tomb secure by putting a seal on the stone and posting the guard.

Nehemiah 10:1
Those who sealed it were: Nehemiah the governor, the son of Hakaliah. Zedekiah,

Nehemiah 10:29
all these now join their fellow Israelites the nobles, and bind themselves with a curse and an oath to follow the Law of God given through Moses the servant of God and to obey carefully all the commands, regulations and decrees of the LORD our Lord.

Isaiah 44:5
Some will say, 'I belong to the LORD'; others will call themselves by the name of Jacob; still others will write on their hand, 'The LORD's,' and will take the name Israel.
Treasury of Scripture

And because of all this we make a sure covenant, and write it; and our princes, Levites, and priests, seal to it.

we make.

Nehemiah 10:29 They joined to their brothers, their nobles, and entered into a curse, …

2 Kings 23:3 And the king stood by a pillar, and made a covenant before the LORD, …

2 Chronicles 15:12,13 And they entered into a covenant to seek the LORD God of their fathers …

2 Chronicles 23:16 And Jehoiada made a covenant between him, and between all the people, …

2 Chronicles 29:10 Now it is in my heart to make a covenant with the LORD God of Israel, …

2 Chronicles 34:31 And the king stood in his place, and made a covenant before the LORD, …

Ezra 10:3 Now therefore let us make a covenant with our God to put away all …

seal unto it. Heb. are at the sealing, or sealed.

Nehemiah 10:1 Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, …

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