Judges 11:40
Parallel Verses
New International Version
that each year the young women of Israel go out for four days to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite.

New Living Translation
for young Israelite women to go away for four days each year to lament the fate of Jephthah's daughter.

English Standard Version
that the daughters of Israel went year by year to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in the year.

New American Standard Bible
that the daughters of Israel went yearly to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in the year.

King James Bible
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
that four days each year the young women of Israel would commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite.

International Standard Version
that for four days out of every year the Israeli women would go to mourn the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite in commemoration.

NET Bible
Every year Israelite women commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite for four days.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
that for four days every year the girls in Israel would go out to sing the praises of the daughter of Jephthah, the man from Gilead.

Jubilee Bible 2000
that the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah, the Gileadite, four days in a year.

King James 2000 Bible
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

American King James Version
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

American Standard Version
that the daughters of Israel went yearly to celebrate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

Douay-Rheims Bible
That from year to year the daughters of Israel assemble together, and lament the daughter of Jephte the Galaadite for four days.

Darby Bible Translation
that from year to year the daughters of Israel go to celebrate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in the year.

English Revised Version
that the daughters of Israel went yearly to celebrate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

Webster's Bible Translation
That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

World English Bible
that the daughters of Israel went yearly to celebrate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

Young's Literal Translation
from time to time the daughters of Israel go to talk to the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite, four days in a year.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:29-40 Several important lessons are to be learned from Jephthah's vow. 1. There may be remainders of distrust and doubting, even in the hearts of true and great believers. 2. Our vows to God should not be as a purchase of the favour we desire, but to express gratitude to him. 3. We need to be very well-advised in making vows, lest we entangle ourselves. 4. What we have solemnly vowed to God, we must perform, if it be possible and lawful, though it be difficult and grievous to us. 5. It well becomes children, obediently and cheerfully to submit to their parents in the Lord. It is hard to say what Jephthah did in performance of his vow; but it is thought that he did not offer his daughter as a burnt-offering. Such a sacrifice would have been an abomination to the Lord; it is supposed she was obliged to remain unmarried, and apart from her family. Concerning this and some other such passages in the sacred history, about which learned men are divided and in doubt, we need not perplex ourselves; what is necessary to our salvation, thanks be to God, is plain enough. If the reader recollects the promise of Christ concerning the teaching of the Holy Spirit, and places himself under this heavenly Teacher, the Holy Ghost will guide to all truth in every passage, so far as it is needful to be understood.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 40. - The daughters of Israel, etc. No other trace of this custom, which was probably confined to Gilead, remains. To lament. The word rather means to praise, or celebrate, as in Judges 5:11 (rehearse).





Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite,.... Either the death of her, as some, or her virginity, as others; though the word (p) used may signify to talk and discourse with her, to hold a confabulation with her, and comfort her, as Kimchi and Ben Melech interpret it; to bring her some news, and tell her some diverting stories, to cheer and refresh her in her solitude. De Dieu observes, that the word signifies in the Arabic language to "praise", or speak in commendation of a person or thing; and indeed in this sense it seems to be used in this book, Judges 5:11, "they shall rehearse", that is, with praise and thanksgiving, "the righteous acts of the Lord"; and so the daughters of Israel went every year to the place where the daughter of Jephthah was, to speak in the praise of her, of her heroism, in so cheerfully submitting to her father's vow, and expressing such gratitude and joy at the same time for victory over the enemies of Israel; and this they did in her presence and while she lived, to keep up her spirits; or it may be, in some public place, and even after her death, in memory of her, and to celebrate her praise. Epiphanius says (q), that in his time, at Sebaste, formerly called Samaria, they deified the daughter of Jephthah, and kept a feast for her every year. The meeting of the daughters of Israel, so long as the custom lasted, which perhaps was only during the life of Jephthah's daughter, was four days in a year; but whether they were four days running, or once in a quarter of a year, is not certain; the latter seems most probable.

(p) "ad alloquendum", Pagninus, Montanus; "ut dissererent", Tigurine version; "ut colloquerentur", Vatablus; "ad confabulandum", Junius & Tremellius, Piscator. (q) Contr. Haeres. l. 2. Haeres. 55.



Judges 11:40 Additional Commentaries
Context
Jephthah's Tragic Vow
39At the end of two months she returned to her father, who did to her according to the vow which he had made; and she had no relations with a man. Thus it became a custom in Israel, 40that the daughters of Israel went yearly to commemorate the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in the year.
Cross References
Judges 11:39
After the two months, she returned to her father, and he did to her as he had vowed. And she was a virgin. From this comes the Israelite tradition

Judges 12:1
The Ephraimite forces were called out, and they crossed over to Zaphon. They said to Jephthah, "Why did you go to fight the Ammonites without calling us to go with you? We're going to burn down your house over your head."
Treasury of Scripture

That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

yearly. from year to year. lament. or to talk with

Judges 5:11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of …

four days

1 Kings 9:25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt offerings and peace …

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