Joel 1:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The word of the LORD that came to Joel son of Pethuel.

New Living Translation
The LORD gave this message to Joel son of Pethuel.

English Standard Version
The word of the LORD that came to Joel, the son of Pethuel:

New American Standard Bible
The word of the LORD that came to Joel, the son of Pethuel:

King James Bible
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The word of the LORD that came to Joel son of Pethuel:

International Standard Version
This message from the LORD came to Pethuel's son Joel.

NET Bible
This is the LORD's message that was given to Joel the son of Pethuel:

GOD'S WORD® Translation
This is what the LORD said to Joel, son of Pethuel.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The word of the LORD that went to Joel the son of Pethuel.

King James 2000 Bible
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

American King James Version
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

American Standard Version
The word of Jehovah that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of Phatuel.

Darby Bible Translation
The word of Jehovah that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

English Revised Version
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

Webster's Bible Translation
The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

World English Bible
The Word of Yahweh that came to Joel, the son of Pethuel.

Young's Literal Translation
A word of Jehovah that hath been unto Joel, son of Pethuel:
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

1:1-7 The most aged could not remember such calamities as were about to take place. Armies of insects were coming upon the land to eat the fruits of it. It is expressed so as to apply also to the destruction of the country by a foreign enemy, and seems to refer to the devastations of the Chaldeans. God is Lord of hosts, has every creature at his command, and, when he pleases, can humble and mortify a proud, rebellious people, by the weakest and most contemptible creatures. It is just with God to take away the comforts which are abused to luxury and excess; and the more men place their happiness in the gratifications of sense, the more severe temporal afflictions are upon them. The more earthly delights we make needful to satisfy us, the more we expose ourselves to trouble.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 1. - The word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of Pethuel. The name Joel signifies "Jehovah is God," or "whose God is Jehovah." We read in Scripture of several of the same name, but the prophet is distinguished as "the son of Pethuel," a name signifying "the sincerity of God," or "godly simplicity." We are not certain of the exact period at which Joel prophesied, but he is generally believed to have been the earliest prophetic writer of the southern kingdom, and one of the earliest of the twelve minor prophets, while Jonah is generally thought to have been the earliest prophetic writer whose book has found a place in the sacred canon. It is at least certain that Joel preceded Amos, who begins his prophecy with a passage from Joel (comp. Joel 3:16 with Amos 1:2). and borrows from Joel another towards the close (comp. Joel 3:18 with Amos 9:13). Besides, Joel speaks, in the second chapter, of the plague of locusts as yet future; while Amos, in the fourth chapter of his prophecy, refers to it as past. He likewise prophesied before Isaiah, who also borrows, in Isaiah 13:6, a sentence which occurs in Joel 1:15.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The word of the Lord that came to Joel the son of Pethuel. Who this Pethuel was is not known; Jarchi takes him to be the same with Samuel the prophet, who had a son of this name, 1 Samuel 8:2; and gives this reason for his being called Pethuel, because in his prayer he persuaded God; but the long span of time will by no means admit of this, nor the character of Samuel's son agree with Joel; and therefore is rightly denied by Aben Ezra, who observes, however, that this man was an honourable man, and therefore his name is mentioned; and gives this as a rule, that whenever any prophet mentions the name of his father, he was honourable. Perhaps, it is here observed, to distinguish him from another of the same name; and there was one of this name, Joel, a high priest in the reigns of Uzziah and Jotham, according to Seder Olam Zuta (i) and Abarbinel (k); in whose time Joel is by some thought to prophesy.

(i) Fol. 104. (k) In Meyer. Anotat. in ib. p, 626.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

THE BOOK OF JOEL Commentary by A. R. Faussett

INTRODUCTION

Joel (meaning "one to whom Jehovah is God," that is, worshipper of Jehovah) seems to have belonged to Judah, as no reference occurs to Israel; whereas he speaks of Jerusalem, the temple, the priests, and the ceremonies, as if he were intimately familiar with them (compare Joe 1:14; 2:1, 15, 32; 3:1, 2, 6, 16, 17, 20, 21). His predictions were probably delivered in the early days of Joash 870-865 B.C.; for no reference is made in them to the Babylonian, Assyrian, or even the Syrian invasion; and the only enemies mentioned are the Philistines, Phoenicians, Edomites, and Egyptians (Joe 3:4, 19). Had he lived after Joash, he would doubtless have mentioned the Syrians among the enemies whom he enumerates since they took Jerusalem and carried off immense spoil to Damascus (2Ch 24:23, 24). No idolatry is mentioned; and the temple services, the priesthood, and other institutions of the theocracy, are represented as flourishing. This all answers to the state of things under the high priesthood of Jehoiada, through whom Joash had been placed on the throne and who lived in the early years of Joash (2Ki 11:17, 18; 12:2-16; 2Ch 24:4-14). He was the son of Pethuel.

The first chapter describes the desolation caused by an inroad of locusts—one of the instruments of divine judgment mentioned by Moses (De 28:38, 39) and by Solomon (1Ki 8:37). The second chapter (Joe 2:1-11): the appearance of them, under images of a hostile army suggesting that the locusts were symbols and forerunners of a more terrible scourge, namely, foreign enemies who would consume all before them. (The absence of mention of personal injury to the inhabitants is not a just objection to the figurative interpretation; for the figure is consistent throughout in attributing to the locusts only injury to vegetation, thereby injuring indirectly man and beast). Joe 2:12-17: exhortation to repentance, the result of which will be: God will deliver His people, the former and latter rains shall return to fertilize their desolated lands, and these shall be the pledge of the spiritual outpouring of grace beginning with Judah, and thence extending to "all flesh." Joe 2:18-3:21: God's judgments on Judah's enemies, whereas Judah shall be established for ever.

Joel's style is pre-eminently pure. It is characterized by smoothness and fluency in the rhythms, roundness in the sentences, and regularity in the parallelisms. With the strength of Micah it combines the tenderness of Jeremiah, the vividness of Nahum, and the sublimity of Isaiah. As a specimen of his style take the second chapter wherein the terrible aspect of the locusts, their rapidity, irresistible progress, noisy din, and instinct-taught power of marshalling their forces for their career of devastation, are painted with graphic reality.

CHAPTER 1

Joe 1:1-20. The Desolate Aspect of the Country through the Plague of Locusts; the People Admonished to Offer Solemn Prayers in the Temple; for This Calamity Is the Earnest of a Still Heavier One.

1. Joel—meaning, "Jehovah is God."

son of Pethuel—to distinguish Joel the prophet from others of the name. Persons of eminence also were noted by adding the father's name.

Joel 1:1 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Invasion of Locusts
1The word of the LORD that came to Joel, the son of Pethuel: 2Hear this, O elders, And listen, all inhabitants of the land. Has anything like this happened in your days Or in your fathers' days?…
Cross References
Acts 2:16
No, this is what was spoken by the prophet Joel:

Jeremiah 1:2
The word of the LORD came to him in the thirteenth year of the reign of Josiah son of Amon king of Judah,

Ezekiel 1:3
the word of the LORD came to Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, by the Kebar River in the land of the Babylonians. There the hand of the LORD was on him.

Hosea 1:1
The word of the LORD that came to Hosea son of Beeri during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and during the reign of Jeroboam son of Jehoash king of Israel:
Treasury of Scripture

The word of the LORD that came to Joel the son of Pethuel.

word.

Jeremiah 1:2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of …

Ezekiel 1:3 The word of the LORD came expressly to Ezekiel the priest, the son …

Hosea 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the …

2 Peter 1:21 For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy …

to.

Acts 2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel;

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