Genesis 10:22
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram.

New Living Translation
The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

English Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram.

King James Bible
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Shem's sons were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

International Standard Version
Shem's sons included Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

NET Bible
The sons of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Shem's descendants were Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram.

King James 2000 Bible
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

American King James Version
The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

American Standard Version
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sons of Sem: Elam and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

Darby Bible Translation
The sons of Shem: Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

English Revised Version
The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arpachshad, and Lud, and Aram.

Webster's Bible Translation
The children of Shem; Elam, and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

World English Bible
The sons of Shem: Elam, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of Shem are Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

10:15-32 The posterity of Canaan were numerous, rich, and pleasantly seated; yet Canaan was under a Divine curse, and not a curse causeless. Those that are under the curse of God, may, perhaps, thrive and prosper in this world; for we cannot know love or hatred, the blessing or the curse, by what is before us, but by what is within us. The curse of God always works really, and always terribly. Perhaps it is a secret curse, a curse to the soul, and does not work so that others can see it; or a slow curse, and does not work soon; but sinners are reserved by it for a day of wrath Canaan here has a better land than either Shem or Japheth, and yet they have a better lot, for they inherit the blessing. Abram and his seed, God's covenant people, descended from Eber, and from him were called Hebrews. How much better it is to be like Eber, the father of a family of saints and honest men, than the father of a family of hunters after power, worldly wealth, or vanities. Goodness is true greatness.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 22. - The children of Shem were twenty-six in number, of whom five were sons. Elam. Elymais, a region adjoining Snaiana and Media, stretching from the Persian Gulf to the Rod Sea; the people first met with as Persians. And Asshur. The ancestor of the Assyrians (vide ver. 11). And Arphaxad. A region in the north of Assyria; the Arrhapacitis of Ptolemy (Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch). The explanation of the name is "fortress of the Chaldaeans ' (Ewald); "highland of the Chaldaeans" (Knobel). And Lud. The Lydians of Asia Minor, to which they appear to have migrated from the land of Shem (Josephus, Bochart, Keil, Kalisch). And Aram. "The high land;" Mesopotamia being the Aram of the two rivers, and Syria the Aram of Damascua

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

The children of Shem,.... Whose names are

Elam and Ashur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram; and who, as Josephus (f) says, inhabited Asia, from Euphrates to the Indian ocean: his first born, Elam, was the father of the Elymaeans, from whom sprung the Persians, as the same writer observes, and his posterity are called Elamites, Acts 2:10 their country Elam, and is sometimes mentioned with Media, when the Persians and Medes are intended, Isaiah 21:2 see also Isaiah 22:6, &c. in Daniel's time, Shushan, in the province of Elam, was the seat of the kings of Persia: the country of Elymais, so called from this man, is said by Pliny (g) to be divided from Susiane by the river Eulaeus, and to join with Persia; and the famous city of Elymais, the metropolis of the country, is placed by Josephus (h) in Persia. Ashur, the second son of Shem, gives name to Assyria, a country frequently mentioned in Scripture; and which, according to Ptolemy (i), was bounded on the north by part of Armenia the great, and the mountain Niphates, on the west by Mesopotamia and the river Tigris, on the south by Susiane, and on the east by part of Media. Strabo says (k) they call Babylonia, and great part of the country about it, Assyria, in which was Ninus or Nineveh, the chief city of the Assyrian empire; and which was built by Ashur, as Josephus (l) affirms, and says he gave the name of Assyrians to his subjects: Arphaxad, the third son of Shem, from him that part of Assyria, which lay northward next to Armenia, was called Arphaxitis, as it is probable that was its original name, though corruptly called by Ptolemy (m) Arrapachitis: Josephus says (n), he gave name to the Arphaxadaeans, whom he ruled over, now called Chaldeans; and indeed the name of the Chaldeans may as well be derived from the latter part of Arphaxad's name, "Chashad", as from Chesed, the son of Nahor, and brother of Abraham, as it more commonly is; since the Chaldeans were called Chasdim before Chesed was born, and were a nation when Abraham came out of Ur, before Chesed could be old or considerable enough to build towns and found a nation; see Genesis 11:31 though Bochart treats this as a mere dream, yet he is obliged to have recourse to the usual refuge, that Ur was called Ur of the Chaldees, by anticipation. The fourth son of Shem was Lud, from whom sprung the Lydians, a people of Asia minor, and whose country is called Lydia, including Mysia and Caria, which all lay by the river Maeander; and Lud, in the Phoenician language, signifies bending and crooked, as that river was, being full of windings and turnings: some think that the posterity of Lud are carried too far off from those of his brethren, but know not where else to fix them. From Aram, the last son of Shem, sprung the Aramaeans, called by the Greeks Syrians, as Josephus (o) observes; and by Homer (p) and Hesiod (q) and so says Strabo (r); some by the Arimi understand the Syrians, now called Arami; and elsewhere (s) he observes, that they who are by us called Syrians, are by the Syrians themselves called Aramaeans, and this is the name they give to themselves to this day: the country inhabited by them included Mesopotamia and Syria, and particularly all those places that have the name of Aram added to them, as Padan Aram, and Aram Naharaim (which is Mesopotamia), Aram of Damascus, Aram Zobah, Aram Maacha, and Aram Beth Rehob, Genesis 28:2 and the title of Psalm 60:1, the Septuagint version here adds, "and Cainan", but without any authority.

(f) Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 4. (g) Nat. Hist. l. 6. c. 27. (h) Antiqu. l. 12. c. 8. sect. 1.((i) Geograph. l. 6. c. 1.((k) Ib. l. 16. p. 507. (l) Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 4. (m) Ut supra. (Geograph. l. 6. c. 1.) (n) Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 4.). So R. Gedaliah, in Shalshalet Hakabala, fol. 76. 2.((o) Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 1. c. 6. sect. 4.) (p) Iliad. 2.((q) Theogonia. (r) Geograph. l. 13. p. 431. l. 16. p. 540. (s) Ib. l. 1. p. 28.



Genesis 10:22 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Semites
21Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22The sons of Shem were Elam and Asshur and Arpachshad and Lud and Aram. 23The sons of Aram were Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash.…
Cross References
Luke 3:36
the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,

Genesis 10:21
Sons were also born to Shem, whose older brother was Japheth; Shem was the ancestor of all the sons of Eber.

Genesis 11:10
This is the account of Shem's family line. Two years after the flood, when Shem was 100 years old, he became the father of Arphaxad.

Genesis 14:1
At the time when Amraphel was king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Kedorlaomer king of Elam and Tidal king of Goyim,

Genesis 14:9
against Kedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goyim, Amraphel king of Shinar and Arioch king of Ellasar--four kings against five.

Numbers 24:22
yet you Kenites will be destroyed when Ashur takes you captive."

1 Chronicles 1:17
The sons of Shem: Elam, Ashur, Arphaxad, Lud and Aram. The sons of Aram: Uz, Hul, Gether and Meshek.

Isaiah 11:11
In that day the Lord will reach out his hand a second time to reclaim the surviving remnant of his people from Assyria, from Lower Egypt, from Upper Egypt, from Cush, from Elam, from Babylonia, from Hamath and from the islands of the Mediterranean.

Isaiah 66:19
"I will set a sign among them, and I will send some of those who survive to the nations--to Tarshish, to the Libyans and Lydians (famous as archers), to Tubal and Greece, and to the distant islands that have not heard of my fame or seen my glory. They will proclaim my glory among the nations.

Jeremiah 25:25
all the kings of Zimri, Elam and Media;

Jeremiah 49:34
This is the word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam, early in the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah:

Ezekiel 32:24
"Elam is there, with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword. All who had spread terror in the land of the living went down uncircumcised to the earth below. They bear their shame with those who go down to the pit.

Daniel 8:2
In my vision I saw myself in the citadel of Susa in the province of Elam; in the vision I was beside the Ulai Canal.
Treasury of Scripture

The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

children.

Genesis 9:26 And he said, Blessed be the LORD God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.

1 Chronicles 1:17-27 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, …

Elam.

Genesis 14:1-9 And it came to pass in the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch …

2 Kings 15:19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave …

Job 1:17 While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The …

Isaiah 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the Lord shall set his …

Isaiah 21:2 A grievous vision is declared to me; the treacherous dealer deals …

Isaiah 22:6 And Elam bore the quiver with chariots of men and horsemen, and Kir …

Jeremiah 25:25 And all the kings of Zimri, and all the kings of Elam, and all the …

Jeremiah 49:34-39 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam …

Acts 2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, …

Arphaxad. Heb. Arpachshad. Lud.

Isaiah 66:19 And I will set a sign among them, and I will send those that escape …

Aram.

Numbers 23:7 And he took up his parable, and said, Balak the king of Moab has …

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