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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

kraft, kraf'-ti-nes, kraf'-ti, (panourgia), (panourgos): The original meaning is that of "ability to do anything," universally applied in a bad sense to unscrupulous wickedness, that stops short of no measure, however reprehensible, in order to attain its purposes; then, in a modified form, to resourcefulness in wrong, cunning (Daniel 8:25; 2 Maccabees 12:24; the Revised Version, margin "jugglery"). In Luke 20:23, Jesus perceives "the craftiness" of His adversaries, i.e. the complicated network which they have laid to ensnare Him. The art with which a plot is concealed, and its direction to the ruin of others, are elements that enter into the meaning. Heinrici on 1 Corinthians 3:19 illustrates from Plato the distinction between craftiness and wisdom. There is a touch of humor in 2 Corinthians 12:16, when Paul speaks of his conduct toward the Corinthians as having been "crafty."

H. E. Jacobs

3835. panourgos -- ready to do anything, crafty, skillful
... ready to do anything, crafty, skillful. Part of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration:
panourgos Phonetic Spelling: (pan-oor'-gos) Short Definition: cunning ...
// - 7k

2686. katasophizomai -- to deal craftily with
... be crafty against, circumvent. Middle voice from kata and sophizo; to be crafty
against, ie Circumvent -- deal subtilly with. see GREEK kata. see GREEK sophizo. ...
// - 6k

3834. panourgia -- cleverness, craftiness
... 3834 (from 3956 , "every" and 2041 , "deed") -- properly, every (evil) work;
(figuratively) crafty behavior; unscrupulous cunning that stops at nothing to ...
// - 7k

258. alopex -- a fox
... fox. Part of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: alopex Phonetic Spelling:
(al-o'-pakes) Short Definition: a fox Definition: a fox; a fox-like, crafty person ...
// - 6k

1114. goes -- a wailer, a sorcerer, a swindler
... Phonetic Spelling: (go'-ace) Short Definition: a conjurer, deceiver, imposter
Definition: a conjuror, juggler, sorcerer; a tricky (crafty) deceiver, imposter. ...
// - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
6175. arum -- crafty, shrewd, sensible
... 6174, 6175. arum. 6176 . crafty, shrewd, sensible. Transliteration: arum Phonetic
Spelling: (aw-room') Short Definition: man. ... crafty, prudent, subtil. ...
/hebrew/6175.htm - 6k

6191. arom -- to be shrewd or crafty
... to be shrewd or crafty. Transliteration: arom Phonetic Spelling: (aw-ram') Short
Definition: shrewd. ... very, beware, take crafty counsel, be prudent, deal subtilly ...
/hebrew/6191.htm - 6k

5230. nakal -- to be crafty, deceitful or knavish
... nakal. 5231 . to be crafty, deceitful or knavish. Transliteration: nakal Phonetic
Spelling: (naw-kal') Short Definition: craftily. Word Origin a prim. ...
/hebrew/5230.htm - 6k

6618. pethaltol -- tortuous
... Word Origin from pathal Definition tortuous NASB Word Usage crooked (1). crooked.
From pathal; tortuous (ie Crafty) -- crooked. see HEBREW pathal. 6617, 6618 ...
/hebrew/6618.htm - 6k


How the Simple and the Crafty are to be Admonished.
... THE Book of Pastoral Rule, and Selected Epistles, OF GREGORY THE GREAT BISHOP OF
ROME, Chapter XI. How the simple and the crafty are to be admonished. ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/chapter xi how the simple.htm

Pelagius' Fraudulent and Crafty Excuses.
... Book II. On Original Sin. Chapter 16 [XV.]"Pelagius' Fraudulent and Crafty
Excuses. For what is the significance to the matter ...
/.../augustine/anti-pelagian writings/chapter 16 xv pelagius fraudulent and.htm

Thus Far I have Made Answer About My Crimes, and Indeed in Defence ...
... 1. Thus far I have made answer about my crimes, and indeed in defence of my crimes,
which my crafty encomiast formerly urged against me, and which his ...
/.../1 thus far i have.htm

Celsus Goes on to Say: "We must not Disobey the Ancient Writer...
... Celsus goes on to say: "We must not disobey the ancient writer, who said long ago,
Let one be king, whom the son of crafty Saturn appointed;'" [4964] and adds ...
/.../origen/origen against celsus/chapter lxviii celsus goes on.htm

Pottage Versus Birthright
... All the loftier aspects gone from Isaac, who thought he could give it for venison,
from Esau, and from the scheming Rebekah and the crafty Jacob. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture k/pottage versus birthright.htm

The First Games
... at "nuts"? "Nuts," or thimble-rigging, is only a graceful and crafty game,
too crafty for a dreaming and careless little boy. It ...
// augustin/iv the first games.htm

Argument: Octavius Arranges his Reply, and Trusts that He Shall be ...
... But in my friend Natalis"I will not allow, I do not believe in, any
chicanery"far from his simplicity is crafty trickery. [1761] What then? ...
/.../the octavius of minucius felix/chapter xvi argument octavius arranges his.htm

1 Cor. xv. 1, 2
... to effect, for fear of being detected, but dressing himself up in a mask of one
kind, he fabricates arts of another kind: and like a crafty enemy attacking a ...
/.../homilies on the epistles of paul to the corinthians/homily xxxviii 1 cor xv.htm

2 Cor. xii. 16-18
... Homily XXVIII. 2 Cor. xii. 16-18. 2 1 Corinthians 12:16-18 But be it so, I myself
did not burden you: but being crafty, I caught you with guile. ...
/.../homilies on the epistles of paul to the corinthians/homily xxviii 2 cor xii.htm

Treatise i. On the Unity of the Church.
... beloved brethren, befits us, than to use foresight and watching with an anxious
heart, both to perceive and to beware of the wiles of the crafty foe, that we ...
/.../cyprian/the treatises of cyprian/treatise i on the unity.htm

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (a.) Relating to, or characterized by, craft or skill; dexterous.

2. (a.) Possessing dexterity; skilled; skillful.

3. (a.) Skillful at deceiving others; characterized by craft; cunning; wily.

Crafty (15 Occurrences)
... wily. Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CRAFT; CRAFTINESS; CRAFTY. kraft ... Jacobs.
Multi-Version Concordance Crafty (15 Occurrences). Acts ...
/c/crafty.htm - 11k

Guile (21 Occurrences)
... Versions of the Bible "deceit") and for remiyah (Job 13:7, English Versions of the
Bible "deceitfully"; John 1:47 2 Corinthians 12:16, "Being crafty, I caught ...
/g/guile.htm - 15k

Deception (24 Occurrences)
... NIV). 2 Corinthians 12:16 But be it so, I did not myself burden you. But,
being crafty, I caught you with deception. (WEB). Colossians ...
/d/deception.htm - 13k

Craftiness (8 Occurrences)
... (n.) Dexterity in devising and effecting a purpose; cunning; artifice; stratagem.
Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia. CRAFT; CRAFTINESS; CRAFTY. ...
/c/craftiness.htm - 10k

Churl (6 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary In Isaiah 32:5 (RV marg., "crafty"), means a deceiver.
In 1 Samuel 25:3, the word churlish denotes a man ...
/c/churl.htm - 9k

Craft (14 Occurrences)
... collective sense. 6. (vt) To play tricks; to practice artifice. Int. Standard
Bible Encyclopedia. CRAFT; CRAFTINESS; CRAFTY. kraft, kraf ...
/c/craft.htm - 12k

Subtlety (3 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) Nice discernment with delicacy of mental action; nicety of discrimination.
3. (n.) Something that is sly, crafty, or delusive. Int. ...
/s/subtlety.htm - 10k

Subtle (5 Occurrences)
... 1. (a.) Elusive; sly in design; insinuating; refined; as, a subtle difference. 2.
(superl.) Cunningly devised; crafty; treacherous; as, a subtle stratagem. ...
/s/subtle.htm - 11k

Crag (5 Occurrences)

/c/crag.htm - 9k

Craftsmen (22 Occurrences)

/c/craftsmen.htm - 14k

Bible Concordance
Crafty (15 Occurrences)

Acts 7:19 He adopted a crafty policy towards our race, and oppressed our forefathers, making them cast out their infants so that they might not be permitted to live.

Romans 1:29 Their hearts overflowed with all sorts of dishonesty, mischief, greed, malice. They were full of envy and murder, and were quarrelsome, crafty, and spiteful.

2 Corinthians 12:16 But be it so, I did not myself burden you. But, being crafty, I caught you with deception.

Genesis 3:1 And the serpent was more crafty than any animal of the field which Jehovah Elohim had made. And it said to the woman, Is it even so, that God has said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

1 Samuel 23:22 Please go make yet more sure, and know and see his place where his haunt is, and who has seen him there; for it is told me that he deals very subtly.
(See NIV)

2 Samuel 13:3 But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah, David's brother; and Jonadab was a very subtle man.
(See RSV)

Job 5:12 He frustrates the devices of the crafty, So that their hands can't perform their enterprise.

Job 6:30 Is there injustice on my tongue? Cannot my taste discern mischievous things?
(See JPS)

Job 15:5 For your iniquity teaches your mouth, and you choose the language of the crafty.

Psalms 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares for me; And they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, And meditate deceits all the day long.
(See JPS)

Psalms 83:3 They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.

Proverbs 7:10 Behold, there a woman met him with the attire of a prostitute, and with crafty intent.

Proverbs 11:6 The righteousness of the upright shall deliver them; But the treacherous shall be taken in their own iniquity.
(See JPS)

Proverbs 12:2 A good man has grace in the eyes of the Lord; but the man of evil designs gets punishment from him.
(See NIV)

Proverbs 14:17 He who is quick to become angry will commit folly, and a crafty man is hated.



Related Terms

Guile (21 Occurrences)

Deception (24 Occurrences)

Craftiness (8 Occurrences)

Churl (6 Occurrences)

Craft (14 Occurrences)

Subtlety (3 Occurrences)

Subtle (5 Occurrences)

Crag (5 Occurrences)

Craftsmen (22 Occurrences)

Quarrelsome (9 Occurrences)

Naboth (18 Occurrences)

Uttereth (30 Occurrences)

Oppressed (81 Occurrences)

Overflowed (14 Occurrences)

Jezebel (20 Occurrences)


Greed (19 Occurrences)

Granting (4 Occurrences)

Wise (422 Occurrences)

Infants (71 Occurrences)

Frustrates (5 Occurrences)

Forefathers (135 Occurrences)

Frustrateth (3 Occurrences)

Teaches (24 Occurrences)

Treasured (20 Occurrences)

Trickery (5 Occurrences)

Teacheth (22 Occurrences)

Elohim (38 Occurrences)

Enterprise (1 Occurrence)

Devices (43 Occurrences)

Dalphon (1 Occurrence)

Devise (41 Occurrences)

Dishonesty (3 Occurrences)

Disappointeth (1 Occurrence)

Mischief (64 Occurrences)

Midianite (11 Occurrences)

Plotting (13 Occurrences)

Prompts (4 Occurrences)

Plans (55 Occurrences)

Permitted (31 Occurrences)

Policy (3 Occurrences)

Cunning (43 Occurrences)

Choosest (3 Occurrences)

Converse (5 Occurrences)

Caught (110 Occurrences)

Attire (11 Occurrences)

Artificial (1 Occurrence)

Adopt (4 Occurrences)

Achieve (7 Occurrences)

Artifice (1 Occurrence)

Adopted (10 Occurrences)

Astute (2 Occurrences)

Subtile (4 Occurrences)

Substantial (2 Occurrences)

Subtil (3 Occurrences)

Shrewd (14 Occurrences)

Subtilty (9 Occurrences)

Sorts (65 Occurrences)

Spiteful (1 Occurrence)

Helkath-hazzurim (1 Occurrence)

Helkathhazzurim (1 Occurrence)

Less (93 Occurrences)

Consulted (33 Occurrences)

Delivers (38 Occurrences)

Attain (30 Occurrences)

Consult (27 Occurrences)

Nevertheless (153 Occurrences)

Towards (416 Occurrences)

Success (29 Occurrences)

Second (2060 Occurrences)

Jacob (361 Occurrences)

Intent (37 Occurrences)

Burden (111 Occurrences)


Prostitute (83 Occurrences)

Quick (49 Occurrences)

Making (644 Occurrences)

Jude (4 Occurrences)

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