Zion or Sion
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Zion or Sion

In the New Testament, the highest and southernmost mount of Jerusalem, rising about twenty-five hundred feet above the Mediterranean, and from two to three hundred feet above the valleys at its base. It was separated from Akra on the north and Moriah on the north-west by the valley Tyropeon; and had the valley of Gihon on the west, that of Hinnom on the south, and that of the Kidron on the south-east. It was a fortified town of the Jebusites till subdued by David, and thenceforward was often called "the city of David," 2 Samuel 5:7 1 Kings 8:1. He seems to have greatly delighted in its beauty and strength, and to have loved it as a type of the church of the Messiah: "Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth, is mount Zion on the sides of the north, the city of the great King." "Walk about Zion, and go round about her; tell the towers thereof; mark ye well her bulwarks; consider her palaces, that ye may tell it to the generation following:" "The kings were assembled, they passed by together; they saw it, and so they marveled; they were troubled, and hasted away," Psalm 48:2,12,13.

A mosque near its southern brow now covers the "tomb of David" so called, most jealously guarded by the Mohammedans, 1 Kings 2:10 11:43 22:50. This mount, together with Moriah and Ophel, was enclosed by the first wall, and fortified by citadels, 1 Chronicles 11:5. Upon it were erected the magnificent palaces of Solomon and long afterwards of Herod. It was finely adapted for the purposes of military defense, and so strongly was it fortified at the time of its capture by the Romans, that the emperor exclaimed, "Surely we have had God for our aid in the war; for what could human hands or machines do against these towers'"

Great changes have occurred on this surface, and a considerable portion of it lies outside of the modern wall on the south, and is occupied by cemeteries, or "ploughed as a field," according to Jeremiah 26:18 Micah 3:12. Two rabbis, we are told, approaching Jerusalem, observed a fox running upon the hill of Zion, and Rabbi Joshua wept, but Rabbi Eliezer laughed. "Wherefore dost thou laugh-" said he who wept. "Nay, wherefore dost weep-" demanded Eliezer. "I weep," replied the Rabbi Joshua, "because I see what is written in the Lamentations fulfilled; because of the mount of Zion, which is desolate, the foxes walk upon it." "And therefore," said Rabbi Eliezer, "do I laugh; for when I see with my own eyes that god has fulfilled his threatenings to the very letter, I have thereby a pledge that not one of his promises shall fail; for he is ever more ready to show mercy than judgment."

"Zion," and "the daughter of Zion," are sometimes used to denote the whole city, including especially Moriah and the temple, Psalm 2:6 9:11 74:2 Isa 1:8 Joel 2:23, and sometimes figuratively for the seat of the true church on earth and in heaven, Jeremiah 8:19 Hebrews 12:22 Revelation 14:1. See JERUSALEM.

Greek
4622. Sion -- Zion, a mountain of Jer. or the city of Jer.
... 4621, 4622. Sion. 4623 . Zion, a mountain of Jer. or the city of Jer.
Part of Speech: Proper Noun, Indeclinable Transliteration ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4622.htm - 6k
Library

The Parts of the City. Sion. The Upper City: which was on the ...
... reader, Zion on the north part in the Psalmist, and the city on the south ... we cannot
frame into arguments, before the buildings of better note in Sion, or in ...
/.../lightfoot/from the talmud and hebraica/chapter 22 the parts of.htm

God the Glory and Defence of Sion.
... God the glory and defence of Sion. ... 4 Then let our souls in Zion dwell, Nor fear the
wrath of Rome and hell: His arms embrace this happy ground, Like brazen ...
/.../watts/hymns and spiritual songs/hymn 0 127777778 god the glory.htm

"And the Redeemer Shall Come unto Zion, and unto them that Turn,"
... and this is meant by this promise, "the Redeemer shall come to Sion;" which is ... them;
and therefore it is subjoined, "the Redeemer shall come to Zion;" he shall ...
/.../binning/the works of the rev hugh binning/sermon xiv and the redeemer.htm

Praises and Vows Accepted in Zion
... O God, in Sion: and unto thee shall the vow be performed. O thou that hearest prayer,
unto thee shall all flesh more.""Psalm 65:1-2. UPON Zion there was ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 17 1871/praises and vows accepted in.htm

Aron, Brother of Moses, 486, 487.
... world, [1052]474. Zechariah the prophet, [1053]546, [1054]547, [1055]676.
Zion. See Sion. Ziphites, [1056]206, [1057]207, [1058]208. ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/aron brother of moses 486.htm

Psalm XLVIII.
... Be our foundation in Sion: there ought we to be stablished, not to be "carried about
with every wind of doctrine." [1580] Whoso ... "Let mount Zion rejoice, and ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm xlviii.htm

Explanatory Notes to the American Edition
... "Sion Door Recht Verlost." (Zion Saved through Judgment.) 1887. "De
Vleeschwording des Woords." (The Incarnation of the Word.) 1887. ...
/.../kuyper/the work of the holy spirit/explanatory notes to the american.htm

Where, Then, Ye Friends of Christ, Shall I Begin? and with what ...
... For it is not of the Jews that he spake this word of old, nor of the city of Zion,
but of the Church. For all the prophets have declared Sion to be the bride ...
/.../the extant works and fragments of hippolytus/piece iii where then ye.htm

Hymns of Hope and Consolation.
... Urbs Sion aurea, patria lactea, cive decora, Omne cor obruis, omnibus obstruis,
et cor ... They stand, those halls of Zion, All jubilant with song,[47] And bright ...
/.../brown/the story of the hymns and tunes/chapter xiv hymns of hope.htm

John Chapter iv. 43-54
... For that city in which He was made, that Zion, that nation of the Jews ... man Christ
Jesus." [353] The Psalms also foretold, saying, "My mother is Sion, shall a ...
/.../augustine/homilies on the gospel of john/tractate xvi john chapter iv.htm



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