Sparta
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Sparta

a celebrated city of Greece, between whose inhabitants and the Jews a relationship was believed to subsist. Between the two nations a correspondence ensued.--Whitney. The act of the Jews and Spartans, 2 Macc. 5:9 is an ethnological error, which it is difficult to trace to its origin.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
SPARTA; SPARTANS

spar'-ta, spar'-tanz (Sparte (1 Maccabees 14:16), Spartiatai; Lacedaemonians (the King James Version 1 Maccabees 12:2, 5, 6, 10, 21; 14:20-23; 15:23; in 2 Maccabees 5:9, Greek Lakedaimonioi)): The passages in 1 Maccabees relate to a correspondence initiated by Jonathan, the priest, during the Maccabean revolt, and continued after his death with his brother Simon, between the Jews and the Lacedaemonians or Spartans, with a view to a friendly alliance. The proposals, curiously based on a claim to kindredship, were favorably received by the Lacedaemonians. See the letters (1 Maccabees 12:5;, 19;; 14:16;). The claim to blood-relationship (compare 1 Maccabees 12:21; 2 Maccabees 5:9) is of course absurd, but there is no good reason to doubt the genuineness of the transaction described.

See ARIUS; ASMONEANS; LACEDAEMONIANS; MACCABAEUS, etc.

James Orr

Library

The Preparations of the Greeks for Defense.
... The Greeks."The two prominent states of Greece."Greek kings."The two kings of
Sparta."Origin of the custom of two kings."The twins."The Delphic ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter vii the preparations of.htm

The Conquest of Lydia.
... Reasons which induced Croesus to invade Media."The Lacedaemonians."Embassadors to
Sparta."Preparations of Croesus."The counsel of Sardaris."The army ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/cyrus the great/chapter vii the conquest of.htm

Dionysius, Bishop of Corinth, and the Epistles which He Wrote.
... [1246] This is, so far as I am aware, the earliest mention of a church
at Lacedæmon or Sparta. The bishop of Sparta is mentioned ...
/.../pamphilius/church history/chapter xxiii dionysius bishop of corinth.htm

The Review of the Troops at Doriscus.
... Number of vessels in the fleet."Demaratus the Greek."Story of Demaratus."Childhood
of his mother."The change."Ariston, king of Sparta."The agreement ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter vi the review of.htm

The Battle of Thermopylae.
... Wherever we are posted, there we stand, come life or death, to the end. We have
been sent here from Sparta to defend the pass of Thermopylae. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/chapter ix the battle of.htm

Engravings.
... MAP OF GREECE 101. XERXES CROSSING THE HELLESPONT 121. FATE OF THE PERSIAN EMBASSADORS
AT SPARTA 160. CITADEL AT ATHENS 241. RETURN OF XERXES TO PERSIA 297. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/xerxes/engravings.htm

Dancing.
... In Sparta, a province of ancient Greece, the law compelled parents to exercise
their children in dancing from the age of five years. ...
/.../judy/questionable amusements and worthy substitutes/iv dancing.htm

Alexander.
... Of all the cities, Athens had the ablest men, and Sparta the most hardy; and these
two had been the foremost in beating and turning back the great Persian ...
//christianbookshelf.org/yonge/the chosen people/lesson xv alexander.htm

Homer's Obligations to the Sacred Writers.
... having received from Theon's wife, Polydamna, a drug, "lulling all sorrow and
melancholy, and causing forgetfulness of all ills," [2566] brought it to Sparta. ...
/.../chapter xxviii homers obligations to the.htm

The Matter of Principal Importance
... him"older than Linus, Philammon, Thamyris, Amphion, Musæus, Orpheus, Demodocus,
Phemius, Sibylla, Epimenides of Crete, who came to Sparta, Aristæus of ...
/.../tatian/tatians address to the greeks/chapter xli the matter of.htm

Thesaurus
Sparta
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia SPARTA; SPARTANS. spar'-ta, spar'-tanz
(Sparte (1 Maccabees 14:16), Spartiatai; Lacedaemonians (the ...
/s/sparta.htm - 7k

Lacedaemonians
... las-e-de-mo'-ni-anz (Spartidtai; once only Lakedaimonioi, 2 Maccabees 5:9): The
inhabitants of Sparta or Lacedaemon with whom the Jews claimed some kinship and ...
/l/lacedaemonians.htm - 8k

Chios (1 Occurrence)
... In 412 they sided with the Peloponnesians, in the 19th year of the war which
Athens had been waging against Sparta and her allies. ...
/c/chios.htm - 11k

Onias
... father of Simon the Just (ibid., XII, ii, 5; Sirach 50), and, according to 1 Maccabees
12:7, 20, a contemporary of Areus (Arius), king of Sparta, who reigned ...
/o/onias.htm - 10k

Spartans
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia SPARTA; SPARTANS. spar'-ta, spar'-tanz
(Sparte (1 Maccabees 14:16), Spartiatai; Lacedaemonians (the ...
/s/spartans.htm - 7k

Corinth (13 Occurrences)
... But when Athens, Thebes, Sparta and Argos fell away, Corinth came to the front again
as the wealthiest and most important city in Greece; and when it was ...
/c/corinth.htm - 21k

Numenius
... 8:17;). They were well received and successful, both at Rome (1 Maccabees
12:3) and at Sparta (1 Maccabees 12:19;; 14:22). After ...
/n/numenius.htm - 7k

Crete (7 Occurrences)
... Aristotle compares the Cretan institutions with those of Sparta; the island was
said to have been colonized by Dorians from Peloponnesus (Politics ii.10). ...
/c/crete.htm - 19k

Arius
... Josephus. A king of Sparta (309-265 BC) who wrote the letter to Onias,
the high priest, given in 1 Maccabees 12:7, 20-23. There ...
/a/arius.htm - 6k

Sparrows (4 Occurrences)

/s/sparrows.htm - 7k



Sparrows
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