Lacedaemonians
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Smith's Bible Dictionary
Lacedaemonians

in Greece the inhabitants of Sparta or Lacedaemon, with whom the Jews claimed kindred. 1 Macc. 12:2,5,6,20,21; 14:20,23; 15:23; 2 Macc. 5:9.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LACEDAEMONIANS

las-e-de-mo'-ni-anz (Spartidtai; once only Lakedaimonioi, 2 Maccabees 5:9): The inhabitants of Sparta or Lacedaemon with whom the Jews claimed some kinship and formed alliances (1 Maccabees 12:2, 5, 6, 20, 21; 14:20, 23; 15:23; 2 Maccabees 5:9). The alliance mentioned in 1 Maccabees 12:5-23 is based, among other grounds, on that of a common descent of Jews and Lacedaemonians from Abraham, for which the only probable presumption-suggested by Ewald-is the similarity of names, "Pelasgi" and Peleg son of Eber (Genesis 10:25; Genesis 11:16). This has been reasonably objected to, and perhaps the most that can be said on this point is that the belief in some relationship between the Jews and the Lacedaemonians seems to have prevailed when 1 Maccabees was written. The alliance itself is said to have been formed (1 Maccabees 12:20) between Areus, king of the Lacedaemonians and Onias the high priest; but it is not easy to make out a consistent chronology for the transaction. For the renewal of the alliance (circa 144 B.C.) by Jonathan (1 Maccabees 12:5-18) and again by Simon (1 Maccabees 14:16-23), something can be said, as the Greeks had finally been deprived of independence in 146 B.C., and Sparta was only obliged to lend assistance to Rome and may be supposed to have been doing so in helping the Jews against Syria. It is possible, too, that as against Syrian Hellenism the Jews were anxious to show that they had the assistance of distinguished Greeks, though the actual power of Sparta was much reduced from that of former times. The facts, at least of the alliance and the correspondence, seem to be sufficiently attested, though it is not easy to reconcile all the particulars. Josephus (Ant., XII, iv, 10; XIII, v, 8; XIV, xii, 2, 3) gives the correspondence at greater length than the writer of the Maccabees.

J. Hutchison

Library

The Conquest of Lydia.
... Reasons which induced Croesus to invade Media."The Lacedaemonians."Embassadors to
Sparta."Preparations of Croesus."The counsel of Sardaris."The army ...
//christianbookshelf.org/abbott/cyrus the great/chapter vii the conquest of.htm

The Author and the End of Theology
... Before Lycurgus began the work of legislation for his Lacedaemonians, imitating
the example of those two kings, he went to Apollo at Delphos, that he might, on ...
/.../arminius/the works of james arminius vol 1/oration ii the author and.htm

Pleasing Christ
... The old Lacedaemonians used to stir themselves to heroism by the thought: 'What
will they say of us in Sparta?' The governor of some outlying English colony ...
/.../maclaren/romans corinthians to ii corinthians chap v/pleasing christ.htm

Christ is All
... The Greek said originally, "I may certainly indulge in this vice, because the
Lacedaemonians have always observed this custom;" and the Jew, perhaps, might ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 17 1871/christ is all.htm

The Old Testament Canon from Its Beginning to Its Close.
... Jonathan, Judas Maccabaeus's successor, when writing to the Lacedaemonians, speaks
of the gerusia or senate as well as the people of the Jews; whence we learn ...
/.../davidson/the canon of the bible/chapter ii the old testament.htm

A Plea Regarding Christians by Athenagoras, the Athenian
... The Athenians have set up Celeus and Metanira as gods; the Lacedaemonians,
Menelaus"they sacrifice to him and keep his festival; the Trojans cannot bear his ...
/.../richardson/early christian fathers/a plea regarding christians by.htm

The Last Days of the Old Eastern World
... for a fortnight, Datis expecting a popular outbreak which would render an engagement
unnecessary, Miltiades waiting patiently till the Lacedaemonians had come ...
/.../chapter iithe last days of 2.htm

The Iranian Conquest
History Of Egypt, Chaldaea, Syria, Babylonia, and Assyria, V 9. <. ...
/.../chapter ithe iranian conquest.htm

Morality and Doctrine
... the body. 481. The examples of the noble deaths of the Lacedaemonians and
others scarce touch us. For what good is it to us? But ...
//christianbookshelf.org/pascal/pensees/section vii morality and doctrine.htm

[Endnotes]
The Ancient Church. <. ...
//christianbookshelf.org/killen/the ancient church/endnotes.htm

Thesaurus
Lacedaemonians
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia LACEDAEMONIANS. las-e-de-mo'-ni-anz
(Spartidtai; once only Lakedaimonioi, 2 Maccabees 5:9): The ...
/l/lacedaemonians.htm - 8k

Spartans
... spar'-ta, spar'-tanz (Sparte (1 Maccabees 14:16), Spartiatai; Lacedaemonians (the
King James Version 1 Maccabees 12:2, 5, 6, 10, 21; 14:20-23; 15:23; in 2 ...
/s/spartans.htm - 7k

Sparta
... spar'-ta, spar'-tanz (Sparte (1 Maccabees 14:16), Spartiatai; Lacedaemonians (the
King James Version 1 Maccabees 12:2, 5, 6, 10, 21; 14:20-23; 15:23; in 2 ...
/s/sparta.htm - 7k

Jason (5 Occurrences)
... ultimately failed (2 Maccabees 5:5). He took refuge with the Ammonites again, and
then with Aretas, the Arabian, and finally with the Lacedaemonians, where he ...
/j/jason.htm - 12k

Laced (3 Occurrences)

/l/laced.htm - 7k

Pharisees (86 Occurrences)
... Immediately after the account of the embassy to the Lacedaemonians, there is subjoined
(Josephus, Ant, XIII, v, 9) an account of the Pharisees, Sadducees and ...
/p/pharisees.htm - 66k

Lachish (22 Occurrences)

/l/lachish.htm - 22k

Maccabaeus
... Greek, being held by a Syrian garrison. See further under ASMONEANS;
LACEDAEMONIANS; TRYPHON. 4. Simon: Simon, surnamed Thassi ("the ...
/m/maccabaeus.htm - 17k

Maccabees
... Greek, being held by a Syrian garrison. See further under ASMONEANS;
LACEDAEMONIANS; TRYPHON. 4. Simon: Simon, surnamed Thassi ("the ...
/m/maccabees.htm - 52k



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