Lunatick
Jump to: ISBEConcordanceThesaurusLibrarySubtopicsTerms
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
LUNATIC(K)

lu'-na-tik:

I. Epilepsy.

1. Incorrect Translation:

The English word "lunatic," which in popular speech signifies a sufferer from any mental derangement, whether periodic or chronic, other than congenital idiocy, appears in the King James Version as a translation of the Greek word seleniazomai, in the two passages where it occurs. In the Revised Version (British and American) the word has very properly been displaced by the strictly accurate term "epileptic." This change is justified not only by the extra-Biblical usage (see Liddell and Scott, under the word), but clearly enough by Matthew 17:15 (compare 4:24), where epilepsy is circumstantially described.

2. Original Meaning:

The original meaning of the term seleniazomai, "moon-struck," is connected with the popular belief, widespread and of strange persistency, that the moon, in certain of its phases, is injurious to human beings, especially in the case of diseases of a periodic or remittent character. There are no data by which to determine whether, in the New Testament times, this particular word represented a living and active belief or had passed into the state of usage in which the original metaphor disappears, and the word simply indicates the fact signified without reference to the idea embodied in the etymology. We still use the word "lunatic" to signify a person mentally diseased, although we have long since ceased to believe in the moon's influence in such cases.

II. Madness.

The Bible designates "madness," or alienation of mind, by various terms, all of which seem to be onomatopoetic. These various words seem to be derived from the strange and fierce or mournful cries uttered by the unfortunate victims of this dread malady. In Deuteronomy 28:34 the word "maddened" is meshugga`, participle of shagha` (compare also 1 Samuel 21:15). With this corresponds the word mainomai, in the New Testament. In 1 Samuel 21:13 (Hebrew 14) the word is a form of the verb chalal, which is also a derivative from the sound indicated.

In certain cases, though by no means uniformly, madness is ascribed to demon-possession (Luke 8:26 f). One is struck by the fact that mental derangement occupies a very small place in Scripture.

Louis Matthews Sweet

Library

On the Morrow of the Transfiguration
... faith, notwithstanding all that they had seen and learned, He had still to bear,
expressly attributing [3726] their failure in restoring the lunatick, to their ...
/.../edersheim/the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter ii on the morrow.htm

The Early Welcome and the First Ministers of the King
... Him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those
which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/the early welcome and the.htm

The Second Part.
... and Vapours have no constant light, or continued heat (as the fixed starres ever
like themselves) but have onely their aguish fits, & lunatick moods; sometimes ...
/.../ward/a coal from the altar to kindle the holy fire of zeale/the second part.htm

The Fourth Day in Passion-Week - Jesus in his Last Sabbatic Rest ...
... We see disappointment in his face when not climbing the Mount of Transfiguration,
and disappointment in the failure to heal the lunatick child. ...
/.../the life and times of jesus the messiah/chapter viii the fourth day.htm

Thesaurus
Lunatick (2 Occurrences)
... in Scripture. Louis Matthews Sweet. Multi-Version Concordance Lunatick
(2 Occurrences). Matthew 4:24 And his fame went throughout ...
/l/lunatick.htm - 9k

Lunatic (2 Occurrences)
... him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those
which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those ...
/l/lunatic.htm - 7k

Vexed (37 Occurrences)
... Matthew 17:15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for
ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. (KJV). ...
/v/vexed.htm - 16k

Ofttimes (3 Occurrences)
... Matthew 17:15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for
ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. (KJV). ...
/o/ofttimes.htm - 7k

Lunatics (1 Occurrence)

/l/lunatics.htm - 6k

Falleth (119 Occurrences)
... Matthew 17:15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for
ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. (KJV ASV WBS). ...
/f/falleth.htm - 37k

Fame (38 Occurrences)
... him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those
which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those ...
/f/fame.htm - 21k

Divers (36 Occurrences)
... him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those
which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those ...
/d/divers.htm - 20k

Palsy (12 Occurrences)
... him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those
which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those ...
/p/palsy.htm - 12k

Sore (156 Occurrences)
... (KJV ASV). Matthew 17:15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore
vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. ...
/s/sore.htm - 40k

Concordance
Lunatick (2 Occurrences)

Matthew 4:24
And his fame went throughout all Syria: and they brought unto him all sick people that were taken with divers diseases and torments, and those which were possessed with devils, and those which were lunatick, and those that had the palsy; and he healed them.
(KJV)

Matthew 17:15
Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water.
(KJV)

Subtopics

Lunatick

Related Terms

Lunatic (2 Occurrences)

Vexed (37 Occurrences)

Ofttimes (3 Occurrences)

Lunatics (1 Occurrence)

Falleth (119 Occurrences)

Fame (38 Occurrences)

Divers (36 Occurrences)

Palsy (12 Occurrences)

Sore (156 Occurrences)

Devils (48 Occurrences)

Evil (1503 Occurrences)

Links
Bible ConcordanceBible DictionaryBible EncyclopediaTopical BibleBible Thesuarus


Lunatic
Top of Page
Top of Page