Jareb
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Jareb

a revenger

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Jareb

(adversary) is to be explained either as the proper name of a country or person, as a noun in apposition, or as a verb from a root, rub , "to contend plead." All these senses are represented in the Authorized Version and the marginal readings, (Hosea 5:13; 10:6) and the east preferable has been inserted in the text. Jareb is most probably the name of some city of Assyria or another name of the country itself.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
JAREB

ja'-reb, jar'-eb (yarebh, "let him contend"; Septuagint Iareim):

1. Obscurity of the Name:

Is mentioned twice in Hosea (5:13; 10:6) as an Assyrian king who received tribute from Israel. We do not, however, know of an Assyrian king of that name, or of such a place as is indicated by "the king of Jareb" (5:13 King James Version, margin). Sayce (HCM, 417) thinks Jareb may possibly be the earlier name of Sargon who took Samaria in 722 B.C., as the passages in which it appears seem to relate to the last struggles of the Northern Kingdom. This conjecture he bases on the probability that the successor of Shalmaneser IV, following the example of other usurpers of the Assyrian throne before him, assumed the name of Sargon. Those who hold that Hosea's prophecies are probably not later than 734 B.C. reject this view.

2. Meaning of the Word:

If we take the Hebrew text in Hosea 5:13 as it stands (melekh yarebh), Jareb cannot be regarded as the name of a person, owing to the absence of the article before melekh, "king," which is always inserted in such a case. It is probably an epithet or nickname applied to the Assyrian king, as is suggested by the Revised Version margin ("a king that should contend") and the King James Version margin ("the king that should plead"), being derived from the ribh, "to strive." The rendering would then be "King Combat," "King Contentious," indicating Assyria's general hostility to Israel and the futility of applying for help to that quarter against the will of Yahweh. Some suggest that for melekh yarebh we should read malki rabh (i being the old nominative termination), or melekh rabh, "Great King," a title frequently applied to Assyrian monarchs. Others, following the Septuagint, would read melekh ram, "High King."

3. Historical Reference:

The historical reference, if it be to any recorded incident, may be to the attempt of Menahem, king of Israel in 738 B.C., to gain over the Assyrians by a large subsidy to Pul, who assumed the name of Tiglath-pileser (2 Kings 15:19). In this case, as both Epraim and Judah are mentioned in the protasis, we should have to suppose that Ephraim made application on behalf of both kingdoms. If "Judah" be inserted before "sent" to complete the parallel, then the clause would be interpreted of Ahaz, king of Judah, who offered a heavy bribe to Tiglath-pileser to help him to withstand the combined attack of Rezin of Syria and Pekah of Israel (2 Kings 16:7 f). But perhaps there may be no particular allusions in the two clauses of the apodosis, but only a reference to a general tendency on the part of both kingdoms to seek Assyrian aid.

4. Other Views:

Cheyne would make a violent change in the verse. He would substitute "Israel" for "Judah" as warranted by Hosea 12:2, insert "Israel" before "sent," change 'ashshur,"Assyria," into mitstsur, the North Arabian land of Mucri, "references to which underlie many passages in the Old Testament," and for melekh yarebh, he would read melekh `arabhi, "king of Arabia." For other views see ICC.

James Crichton

Strong's Hebrew
3377. Yareb -- "let him contend," the name of an Assyrian king
... "let him contend," the name of an Assyrian king. Transliteration: Yareb Phonetic
Spelling: (yaw-rabe') Short Definition: Jareb. ... king NASB Word Usage Jareb (2). ...
/hebrew/3377.htm - 6k
Library

'Fruit which is Death'
... that rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.6. It
shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/fruit which is death.htm

The Prophet Hosea.
... Asshur alone is the king "warrior" (Jareb), v.13, x.6; he only has received the
divine mission to execute judgment; compare xi.5: "He, ie, Israel, shall not ...
/.../hengstenberg/christology of the old testament/the prophet hosea.htm

'Physicians of no Value'
... HOSEA 'PHYSICIANS OF NO VALUE'. 'When Ephralm saw his sickness, and Judah saw his
wound, then went Ephraim to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture a/physicians of no value.htm

Storming the Battlements
... The church has very often gone to king Jareb for help, or to the world for aid;
and then God has said to her enemies, "Go ye up against her, but make not a ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 1 1855/storming the battlements.htm

The Call and Feast of Levi
... And the complaint is just before it that when Ephraim saw his sickness and Judah
saw his wound, then went Ephraim to Assyria and sent to king Jareb, but he is ...
/.../chadwick/the gospel of st mark/chapter 2 13-17 the call and.htm

That the Employing Of, and Associating with the Malignant Party ...
... "When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the
Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb, yet could he not heal you, nor cure you of ...
/.../binning/the works of the rev hugh binning/section iii that the employing.htm

The Assyrian Captivity
... it. . . . It shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to King
Jareb" (Sennacherib). Hosea 8:5, 6; 10:5, 6. "Behold, the ...
/.../white/the story of prophets and kings/chapter 23 the assyrian captivity.htm

On the Words, Crucified and Buried.
... [1548] John 12:25. [1549] Hosea 10:6: (RV) It also shall be carried unto
Assyria for a present to king Jareb. This passage is applied ...
/.../cyril/lectures of s cyril of jerusalem/lecture xiii on the words.htm

Come and Welcome to Jesus Christ;
The Works of John Bunyan Volumes 1-3. <. ...
/.../bunyan/the works of john bunyan volumes 1-3/come and welcome to jesus.htm

Thesaurus
Jareb (2 Occurrences)
...JAREB. ... We do not, however, know of an Assyrian king of that name, or of such a place
as is indicated by "the king of Jareb" (5:13 King James Version, margin). ...
/j/jareb.htm - 10k

Contentious (13 Occurrences)
... Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah'saw his wound, then went Ephraim
to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you ...
/c/contentious.htm - 10k

Jared (7 Occurrences)

/j/jared.htm - 9k

Jarah (1 Occurrence)

/j/jarah.htm - 7k

Baladan (2 Occurrences)
... name is here mentioned may be compared with the Shalman of Hosea 10:14 for the more
fully-written Shalmaneser of 2 Kings 17:3; and with the Jareb of Hosea 5:13 ...
/b/baladan.htm - 9k

Assyrian (18 Occurrences)
... Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim
to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb: yet could he not heal you, nor ...
/a/assyrian.htm - 12k

Sores (16 Occurrences)
... Hosea 5:13 "When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went
to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither ...
/s/sores.htm - 10k

Cure (28 Occurrences)
... Hosea 5:13 "When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went
to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither ...
/c/cure.htm - 17k

Wound (58 Occurrences)
... Hosea 5:13 "When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went
to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither ...
/w/wound.htm - 24k

Concordance
Jareb (2 Occurrences)

Hosea 5:13
"When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah his wound, Then Ephraim went to Assyria, and sent to king Jareb: but he is not able to heal you, neither will he cure you of your wound.
(WEB KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Hosea 10:6
It shall be also carried unto Assyria for a present to king Jareb: Ephraim shall receive shame, and Israel shall be ashamed of his own counsel.
(KJV ASV DBY WBS NAS)

Subtopics

Jareb

Jareb: King of Asshur

Related Terms

Contentious (13 Occurrences)

Jared (7 Occurrences)

Jarah (1 Occurrence)

Baladan (2 Occurrences)

Assyrian (18 Occurrences)

Sores (16 Occurrences)

Cure (28 Occurrences)

Wound (58 Occurrences)

Sickness (40 Occurrences)

Heal (62 Occurrences)

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