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Easton's Bible Dictionary
As streams were few in Palestine, water was generally stored up in winter in reservoirs, and distributed through gardens in numerous rills, which could easily be turned or diverted by the foot (Deuteronomy 11:10).

For purposes of irrigation, water was raised from streams or pools by water-wheels, or by a shaduf, commonly used on the banks of the Nile to the present day.

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
(n.) The act or process of irrigating, or the state of being irrigated; especially, the operation of causing water to flow over lands, for nourishing plants.
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

ir-i-ga'-shun: No equivalent for this word is found in Biblical writings, although the use of irrigation for maintaining vegetable life is frequently implied (Ecclesiastes 2:5, 6 Isaiah 58:11). To one familiar with the methods of irrigation practiced in Palestine, Syria and Egypt, the passage, "where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs" (Deuteronomy 11:10), is easily explained. The water is brought in channels to the gardens, where it is distributed in turn to the different square plots bounded by banks of earth, or along the rows of growing vegetables planted on the sides of the trenches. In stony soil the breach in the canal leading to a particular plot is opened and closed with a hoe. Any obstruction in the trench is similarly removed, while in the soft, loamy soil of the coastal plain or in the Nile valley these operations can be done with the foot; a practice still commonly seen.

The remains of the great irrigation works of the ancient Egyptians and Babylonians leave no doubt as to the extent to which they used water to redeem the deserts. In Palestine and Syria there was less need (Deuteronomy 10:7; Deuteronomy 11:11) for irrigation. Here there is an annual fall of from 30 to 40 inches, coming principally during the winter. This is sufficient for the main crops. The summer supply of vegetables, as well as the fruit and mulberry trees, requires irrigation. Hardly a drop of many mountain streams is allowed to reach the sea, but is used to water the gardens of the mountain terraces and plains. This supply is now being supplemented by the introduction of thousands of pumps and oil engines for raising the water of the wells sufficiently to run it through the irrigation canals. Where a spring is small, its supply is gathered into a birket, or cistern, and then drawn off through a large outlet into the trenches, sometimes several days being required to fill the cistern. In Ecclesiastes 2:6, Solomon is made to say, "I made me pools of water, to water therefrom the forest." This passage helps to explain the uses of the so-called Pools of Solomon, South of Jerusalem. In this same district are traces of the ancient terraces which were probably watered from these pools.


James A. Patch

Strong's Hebrew
4945b. mashqeh -- irrigation, drink
... 4945a, 4945b. mashqeh. 4946 . irrigation, drink. Transliteration: mashqeh
Short Definition: drinking. Word Origin from shaqah Definition ...
/hebrew/4945b.htm - 5k

6388. peleg -- a channel, canal
... river, stream. From palag; a rill (ie Small channel of water, as in irrigation) --
river, stream. see HEBREW palag. 6387, 6388. peleg. 6389 . Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/6388.htm - 6k

8585. t'alah -- a watercourse
... From alah; a channel (into which water is raised for irrigation); also a bandage
or plaster (as placed upon a wound) -- conduit, cured, healing, little river ...
/hebrew/8585.htm - 5k

7377. ri -- moisture
... Word Origin from ravah Definition moisture NASB Word Usage moisture (1). watering.
From ravah; irrigation, ie A shower -- watering. see HEBREW ravah. ...
/hebrew/7377.htm - 6k


Judging, Therefore, that it Stood Thus with this Matter...
... trees; and among them also large reservoirs for the reception of water were constructed,
and distributed so as to secure the plentiful irrigation of the trees. ...
/.../a metaphrase of the book of ecclesiastes/chapter ii judging therefore that.htm

On the Soul and Body and the Passion of the Lord.
... 1. The Word which is ungrudgingly sent down from heaven, is fitted for the irrigation
of our hearts, if we have been prepared for His power, not by speaking ...
/.../v on the soul and body.htm

The Flood-Tide of Power.
... The green beauty and rich fruitage of some parts of the Sacramento Valley, whose
soil is flooded by the artificial irrigation-rivers, are in sharp contrast ...
/...// talks on power/the flood-tide of power.htm

Jesus Restoreth Sight to Bartimaeus
... it. This fertility was owing entirely to skilful irrigation, traces of
no less than twelve aqueducts having been discovered. No ...
/.../the life of jesus christ for the young/jesus restoreth sight to bartimaeus.htm

At the Well
... There was no thirst in the Delta. Nowhere did the capillary, the irrigation canal,
fail to reach, even now in the season of desolation and loss. ...
// yoke/chapter xxxvii at the well.htm

Back to Memphis
... Three thousand years before, Menes had established a system of irrigation which
had added hundreds of square miles to the agricultural area of Egypt, and every ...
// yoke/chapter xxxiii back to memphis.htm

"The Pharaoh Drew Nigh"
... The messenger drank deep at an irrigation canal, for he turned away from water when
he followed the army, and leaving the level, dust-cushioned road behind ...
// yoke/chapter xliii the pharaoh drew.htm

Spoken in Antioch in the Old Church, as it was Called...
... a terebinth that hath lost its leaves, [1080] and as a garden that hath no water.'"
[1081] For in like manner as a garden when its irrigation fails, exhibits ...
/.../chrysostom/on the priesthood/homily ii spoken in antioch.htm

"Well Then, when I Entered Upon the Nearest Parts of the Desert...
... his ox, the monk performed, as well as his own special industry, produced such a
happy state of things to the holy man; for the frequent irrigation in which he ...
/.../severus/life and writings of sulpitius severus /chapter xiii well then when.htm

Oath Used by the Justinian Heretics; the Book of Baruch; the ...
... etc. [605] amaran. This word means a trench or channel in a field, for
the purpose either of irrigation or drainage. Schneidewin ...
/.../hippolytus/the refutation of all heresies/chapter xxii oath used by the.htm

... For purposes of irrigation, water was raised from streams or pools by water-wheels,
or by a shaduf, commonly used on the banks of the Nile to the present day. ...
/i/irrigation.htm - 9k

Euphrates (36 Occurrences)
... which it has eroded in the rocky surface, and which, being more or less covered
with alluvial soil, is pretty generally cultivated by artificial irrigation.. ...
/e/euphrates.htm - 26k

Reservoir (1 Occurrence)
... for the fewness of lakes, impels the inhabitants to make artificial pools or reservoirs
to collect the water of the rain or of springs for irrigation and also ...
/r/reservoir.htm - 12k

Pond (2 Occurrences)
... for the fewness of lakes, impels the inhabitants to make artificial pools or reservoirs
to collect the water of the rain or of springs for irrigation and also ...
/p/pond.htm - 12k

... edge of the plain. Those at Megiddo drive mills and serve for irrigation,
besides forming extensive marshes. The springs near Zer ...
/e/esdraelon.htm - 15k

Plain (113 Occurrences)
... farther toward the shore of the lake is the village of Es-Safieh, inhabited by a
tribe of fellahin called the Ghawarneh, who by means of irrigation from the ...
/p/plain.htm - 71k

... The extensive and easily-arranged system of irrigation from the rills and streams
from the mountains made the soil in every part of Palestine richly productive ...
/a/agriculture.htm - 27k

Nile (37 Occurrences)
... phenomenon in Egypt. By means of it much of the irrigation of the land
during the dry season is carried on from wells. It has had ...
/n/nile.htm - 29k

Water (4571 Occurrences)
... to drink. In a few instances the cisterns or pools are sufficiently large
to supply water for limited irrigation. See CISTERN. (5 ...
/w/water.htm - 23k

Arabia (9 Occurrences)
... frequent floods in the former town, and are, owing to the arborial denudation of
the country, of little use for the purpose of agriculture or irrigation. ...
/a/arabia.htm - 43k

What is the significance of Egypt in the Bible? |

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Irrigation: Dictionary and Thesaurus |

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