Ananias
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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary
Ananias

or Ananiah, the cloud of the Lord

Smith's Bible Dictionary
Ananias

(whom Jehovah has graciously given)

  1. A high priest in (Acts 23:2-5; 24:1) He was the son of Nebedaeus. He was nominated to the office by Herod king of Chalcis in A.D. 48; was deposed shortly before Felix left the province and assassinated by the Sicarii at the beginning of the last Jewish war.
  2. A disciple at Jerusalem, husband of Sapphira. (Acts 5:1-11) having sold his goods for the benefit of the church he kept back a part of the price, bringing to the apostles the remainder as if it was the whole, his wife being privy to the scheme. St. Peter denounced the fraud, and Ananias fell down and expired.
  3. A Jewish disciple at Damascus, (Acts 9:10-17) of high repute, (Acts 22:12) who sought out Saul during the period of blindness which followed his conversion, and announced to him his future commission as a preacher of the gospel. Tradition makes him to have been afterwarded bishop of Damascus, and to have died by martyrdom.
ATS Bible Dictionary
Ananias

1. A Jew of Jerusalem, the husband of Sapphira, who attempted to join the Christians, and pretended to give them the entire price of his lands, but died instantly on being convicted of falsehood by Peter, Acts 5:1-10.

2. A Christian of Damascus, who restored the sight of Paul, after his vision of the Savior, Acts 9:10-17; 22:12.

3. A high priest of the Jews, the son of Nebedaeus. He was sent as a prisoner to Rome by Quadratus, the governor of Syria, and Jonathon was appointed in his place; but being discharged by the emperor Claudius, he returned to Palestine, and Jonathon being murdered through the treachery of Felix, Ananias appears to have performed the functions of the high priest as a substitute, until Ishmael was appointed by Agrippa. It was he before whom with the Sanhedrin Paul was summoned, under Felix, and who ordered an attendant to smite Paul on the mouth. The apostle's prophetic denunciation in reply seems to have been fulfilled when, in the commencement of the siege of Jerusalem, the assassins burned the house of Ananias, and afterwards discovered his place of retreat in an aqueduct, and slew him, Acts 23:1; 24:1.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
A common Jewish name, the same as Hananiah.

(1.) One of the members of the church at Jerusalem, who conspired with his wife Sapphira to deceive the brethren, and who fell down and immediately expired after he had uttered the falsehood (Acts 5:5). By common agreement the members of the early Christian community devoted their property to the work of furthering the gospel and of assisting the poor and needy. The proceeds of the possessions they sold were placed at the disposal of the apostles (Acts 4:36, 37). Ananias might have kept his property had he so chosen; but he professed agreement with the brethren in the common purpose, and had of his own accord devoted it all, as he said, to these sacred ends. Yet he retained a part of it for his own ends, and thus lied in declaring that he had given it all. "The offence of Ananias and Sapphira showed contempt of God, vanity and ambition in the offenders, and utter disregard of the corruption which they were bringing into the society. Such sin, committed in despite of the light which they possessed, called for a special Mark of divine indignation."

(2.) A Christian at Damascus (Acts 9:10). He became Paul's instructor; but when or by what means he himself became a Christian we have no information. He was "a devout man according to the law, having a good report of all the Jews which dwelt" at Damascus (22:12).

(3.) The high priest before whom Paul was brought in the procuratorship of Felix (Acts 23:2, 5, 24). He was so enraged at Paul's noble declaration, "I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day," that he commanded one of his attendants to smite him on the mouth. Smarting under this unprovoked insult, Paul quickly replied, "God shall smite thee, thou whited wall." Being reminded that Ananias was the high priest, to whose office all respect was to be paid, he answered, "I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest" (Acts 23:5). This expression has occasioned some difficulty, as it is scarcely probable that Paul should have been ignorant of so public a fact. The expression may mean (a) that Paul had at the moment overlooked the honour due to the high priest; or (b), as others think, that Paul spoke ironically, as if he had said, "The high priest breaking the law! God's high priest a tyrant and a lawbreaker! I see a man in white robes, and have heard his voice, but surely it cannot, it ought not to be, the voice of the high priest." (See Dr. Lindsay on Acts, in loco.) (c) Others think that from defect of sight Paul could not observe that the speaker was the high priest. In all this, however, it may be explained, Paul, with all his excellency, comes short of the example of his divine Master, who, when he was reviled, reviled not again.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
ANANIAS (1)

an-a-ni'-as (Ananias; Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek, Hananias; chananyah, "Yah has been gracious"): The name was common among the Jews. In its Hebrew form it is frequently found in the Old Testament (e.g. 1 Chronicles 25:4 Jeremiah 28:1 Daniel 1:6).

See HANANIAH.

1. A Disciple at Jerusalem:

Husband of Sapphira (Acts 5:1-10). He and his wife sold their property, and gave to the common fund of the church part of the purchase money, pretending it was the whole. When his hypocrisy was denounced by Peter, Ananias fell down dead; and three hours later his wife met the same doom. The following points are of interest.

(1) The narrative immediately follows the account of the intense brotherliness of the believers resulting in a common fund, to which Barnabas had made a generous contribution (Acts 4:32-37). The sincerity and spontaneity of the gifts of Barnabas and the others set forth in dark relief the calculated deceit of Ananias. The brighter the light, the darker the shadow.

(2) The crime of Ananias consisted, not in his retaining a part, but in his pretending to give the whole. He was under no compulsion to give all, for the communism of the early church was not absolute, but purely voluntary (see especially Acts 5:4) Falsehood and hypocrisy ("lie to the Holy Spirit" Acts 5:3), rather than greed, were the sins for which he was so severely punished.

(3) The severity of the Judgment can be justified by the consideration that the act was "the first open venture of deliberate wickedness" (Meyer) within the church. The punishment was an "awe-inspiring act of Divine church-discipline." The narrative does not, however, imply that Peter consciously willed their death. His words were the occasion of it, but he was not the deliberate agent. Even the words in Acts 5:9 are a prediction rather than a judicial sentence.

2. A Disciple at Damascus:

A disciple in Damascus, to whom the conversion of Saul of Tarsus was made known in a vision, and who was the instrument of his physical and spiritual restoration, and the means of introducing him to the other Christians in Damascus (Acts 9:10-19). Paul makes honorable mention of him in his account of his conversion spoken at Jerusalem (Acts 22:12-16), where we are told that Ananias was held in high respect by all the Jews in Damascus, on account of his strict legal piety. No mention is made of him in Paul's address before Agrippa in Caesarea (Acts 26). In late tradition, he is placed in the list of the seventy disciples of Jesus, and represented as bishop of Damascus, and as having died a martyr's death.

3. A High Priest at Jerusalem:

A high priest in Jerusalem from 47-59 A.D. From Josephus (Ant., XX, v, 2; vi, 2; ix, 2; BJ, II, xvii, 9) we glean the following facts: He was the son of Nedebaeus (or Nebedaeus) and was nominated to the high-priestly office by Herod of Chalcis. In 52 A.D. he was sent to Rome by Quadratus, legate of Syria, to answer a charge of oppression brought by the Samaritans, but the emperor Claudius acquitted him. On his return to Jerusalem, he resumed the office of high priest. He was deposed shortly before Felix left the province, but continued to wield great influence, which he used in a lawless and violent way. He was a typical Sadducee, wealthy, haughty, unscrupulous, filling his sacred office for purely selfish and political ends, anti-nationalist in his relation to the Jews, friendly to the Romans. He died an ignominious death, being assassinated by the popular zealots (sicarii) at the beginning of the last Jewish war. In the New Testament he figures in two passages.

(1) Acts 23:1-5, where Paul defends himself before the Sanhedrin. The overbearing conduct of Ananias in commanding Paul to be struck on the mouth was characteristic of the man. Paul's ire was for the moment aroused, and he hurled back the scornful epithet of "whited wall." On being called to account for "reviling God's high priest," he quickly recovered the control of his feelings, and said "I knew not, brethren, that he was high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of a ruler of thy people." This remark has greatly puzzled the commentators. The high priest could have been easily identified by his position and official seat as president of the Sanhedrin. Some have wrongly supposed that Ananias had lost his office during his trial at Rome, but had afterward usurped it during a vacancy (John Lightfoot, Michaelis, etc.). Others take the words as ironical, "How could I know as high priest one who acts so unworthily of his sacred office?" (so Calvin). Others (e.g. Alford, Plumptre) take it that owing to defective eyesight Paul knew not from whom the insolent words had come. Perhaps the simplest explanation is that Paul meant, "I did not for the moment bear in mind that I was addressing the high priest" (so Bengel, Neander, etc.).

(2) In Acts 24:1 we find Ananias coming down to Caesarea in person, with a deputation from the Sanhedrin, to accuse Paul before Felix.

D. Miall Edwards

ANANIAS (2)

(Apocrypha), an-a-ni'-as:

(1) Ananias, the Revised Version (British and American) Annis, the Revised Version, margin, Annias (1 Esdras 5:16). See ANNIS.

(2) A son of Emmer (1 Esdras 9:21) = Hanani, son of Immer in Ezra 10:20.

(3) A son of Bebai (1 Esdras 9:29) = Hananiah in Ezra 10:28. The two last are mentioned in the list of priests who were found to have strange wives.

(4) One of those who stood by Esdras while he read the law to the people (1 Esdras 9:43) = Anaiah in Nehemiah 8:4.

(5) One of the Levites who explained the law to the people (1 Esdras 9:48) = Hanan in Nehemiah 8:7.

(6) Ananias the Great, son of Shemaiah the Great; a kinsman of Tobit, whom Raphael the angel, disguised as a man, gave out to be his father (Tobit 5:12).

(7) Son of Gideon, mentioned as an ancestor of Judith (Judith 8:1).

(8) Another Ananias is mentioned in The So of the Three Children (Azariah) (verse 66).

D. Miall Edwards

Greek
367. Ananias -- Ananias, the name of three Israelites
... 366, 367. Ananias. 368 . Ananias, the name of three Israelites. Part
of Speech: Noun, Masculine Transliteration: Ananias Phonetic ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/367.htm - 6k

4551. Sapphire -- Sapphira, a Christian woman
... of Speech: Noun, Feminine Transliteration: Sapphire Phonetic Spelling:
(sap-fi'-ray) Short Definition: Sapphira Definition: Sapphira, wife of Ananias, ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/4551.htm - 6k

452. Hannas -- Annas, a high priest
... Annas. Of Hebrew origin (Chananyah); Annas (ie Ananias), an Israelite -- Annas.
see GREEK Ananias. see HEBREW Chananyah. (annan) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
//strongsnumbers.com/greek2/452.htm - 6k

Library

Ananias and Sapphira
... ANANIAS AND SAPPHIRA. BY REV. ... For what were Ananias's motives in acting as he did?
If we can discover them, we shall have the key to the whole story. ...
/.../milligan/men of the bible some lesser-known/ananias and sapphira.htm

Ananias and Sapphira.
... LECTURES LECTURE VI. ANANIAS AND SAPPHIRA. Chap. v.1-11. WE have seen the
success of the Apostles in persuading many of the Jews ...
/.../dick/lectures on the acts of the apostles/lecture vi ananias and sapphira.htm

Of the Deaths of Ananias and Sapphira, and Judas, which they ...
... Prolegomena. Chapter XXV. Of the deaths of Ananias and Sapphira, and Judas,
which they underwent through the impulse of covetousness. ...
/.../cassian/the works of john cassian /chapter xxv of the deaths.htm

Now There was one Whose Name was Ananias a Wicked Man He Was...
... Section 56. Now there was one whose name was Ananias a wicked man he was�
56. Now there was one whose name was Ananias [a wicked ...
/.../josephus/the life of flavius josephus/section 56 now there was.htm

Of the Persons by Whom, and the Uses for Which, Ecclesiastical ...
... But if any one act otherwise (which may God forbid), let him take care lest he meet
the condemnation of Ananias and Sapphira, and be found guilty of sacrilege ...
//christianbookshelf.org/unknown/the decretals/ii of the persons by.htm

A Warning against Hypocrisy
... In sharp contrast to the example of benevolence shown by the believers, was the
conduct of Ananias and Sapphira, whose experience, traced by the pen of ...
/.../white/the acts of the apostles/lesson 7 a warning against.htm

Acts of the Holy Apostle Thaddæus,
... And about the days of the Passion and the plots of the Jews, Abgarus, being seized
by an incurable disease, sent a letter to Christ by Ananias the courier ...
/.../unknown/acts of the holy apostle thaddaeus/acts of the holy apostle.htm

Acts V
... In contrast with the course of Barnabas, we are told: (1) "But a certain man named
Ananias, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, (2) and kept back part ...
/.../christianbookshelf.org/mcgarvey/a commentary on acts of the apostles/acts v.htm

Concerning Albinus under Whose Procuratorship James was Slain; as ...
... But as for the high priest, Ananias [25] he increased in glory every day, and this
to a great degree, and had obtained the favor and esteem of the citizens in ...
/.../josephus/the antiquities of the jews/chapter 9 concerning albinus under.htm

Grace Triumphant
... And there was a certain disciple at Damascus, named Ananias; and to him said the
Lord in a vision, Ananias. And he said, Behold. I am here, Lord.11. ...
/.../maclaren/expositions of holy scripture the acts/grace triumphant.htm

Thesaurus
Ananias (11 Occurrences)
...Ananias might have kept his property had he so chosen; but he professed agreement
with the brethren in the common purpose, and had of his own accord devoted it ...
/a/ananias.htm - 19k

Anani'as (10 Occurrences)
Anani'as. Ananias, Anani'as. Ananiel . ... Acts 5:1 And a certain man, Ananias
by name, with Sapphira his wife, sold a possession, (See RSV). ...
/a/anani'as.htm - 8k

Sapphira (1 Occurrence)
... Beautiful, the wife of Ananias (qv). ... SAPPHIRA. sa-fi'-ra (shappira'; Aramaic for
either "beautiful" or "sapphire"; Sappheira): Wife of Ananias (Acts 5:1-10). ...
/s/sapphira.htm - 7k

Vision (106 Occurrences)
... Acts 9:10 Now there was a certain disciple at Damascus named Ananias. The
Lord said to him in a vision, "Ananias!" He said, "Behold ...
/v/vision.htm - 45k

It's (28 Occurrences)
... Acts 9:10 Now there was a certain disciple at Damascus named Ananias. The Lord said
to him in a vision, "Ananias!" He said, "Behold, it's me, Lord." (WEB). ...
/i/it's.htm - 13k

Tertullus (2 Occurrences)
... ter-tul'-us, ter- (Tertullos, diminutive of Latin tertius, "third"):, An orator
who descended with Ananias the high priest and elders from Jerusalem to ...
/t/tertullus.htm - 9k

Regain (12 Occurrences)
... Acts 9:12 and in a vision he has seen a man named Ananias coming in, and laying
his hands on him, that he might receive his sight." (See NAS RSV). ...
/r/regain.htm - 10k

Recover (37 Occurrences)
... NAS RSV). Acts 9:12 He has seen a man called Ananias come and lay his hands
upon him so that he may recover his sight." (WEY). Acts 9 ...
/r/recover.htm - 21k

Devout (13 Occurrences)
... is peculiar to Luke. Applied to Simeon (Luke 2:25), Cornelius (Acts
10:2, 7), Ananias (Acts 22:12). "Devout proselytes" (Acts 13 ...
/d/devout.htm - 11k

Covetousness (22 Occurrences)
... out after Israel had entered into the promised land (Achan, Jos 7); and also in
the early Christian church immediately after its founding (Ananias and Sapphira ...
/c/covetousness.htm - 18k

Concordance
Ananias (11 Occurrences)

Acts 5:1
But a certain man named Ananias, with Sapphira, his wife, sold a possession,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 5:3
But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit, and to keep back part of the price of the land?
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 5:5
Ananias, hearing these words, fell down and died. Great fear came on all who heard these things.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 5:8
Peter answered her, "Tell me whether you sold the land for so much." She said, "Yes, for so much."
(See NIV)

Acts 9:10
Now there was a certain disciple at Damascus named Ananias. The Lord said to him in a vision, "Ananias!" He said, "Behold, it's me, Lord."
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 9:12
and in a vision he has seen a man named Ananias coming in, and laying his hands on him, that he might receive his sight."
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 9:13
But Ananias answered, "Lord, I have heard from many about this man, how much evil he did to your saints at Jerusalem.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 9:17
Ananias departed, and entered into the house. Laying his hands on him, he said, "Brother Saul, the Lord, who appeared to you on the road by which you came, has sent me, that you may receive your sight, and be filled with the Holy Spirit."
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 22:12
One Ananias, a devout man according to the law, well reported of by all the Jews who lived in Damascus,
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 23:2
The high priest, Ananias, commanded those who stood by him to strike him on the mouth.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Acts 24:1
After five days, the high priest, Ananias, came down with certain elders and an orator, one Tertullus. They informed the governor against Paul.
(WEB KJV WEY ASV BBE DBY WBS YLT NAS NIV)

Subtopics

Ananias

Ananias: A Christian in Damascus

Ananias: A Covetous Member of Church at Jerusalem--Falsehood and Death of

Ananias: High Priest, Before Whom Paul Was Tried

Related Terms

Anani'as (10 Occurrences)

Sapphira (1 Occurrence)

Vision (106 Occurrences)

It's (28 Occurrences)

Tertullus (2 Occurrences)

Regain (12 Occurrences)

Recover (37 Occurrences)

Devout (13 Occurrences)

Covetousness (22 Occurrences)

Possession (251 Occurrences)

Named (428 Occurrences)

Ghost (123 Occurrences)

Lie (291 Occurrences)

Putting (278 Occurrences)

Damascus (58 Occurrences)

Laying (87 Occurrences)

Burial (25 Occurrences)

Yes (511 Occurrences)

Disciple (38 Occurrences)

Sight (522 Occurrences)

Filled (336 Occurrences)

Orator (3 Occurrences)

Obeyed (83 Occurrences)

Observer (3 Occurrences)

Jathan

Judas (42 Occurrences)

Lied (13 Occurrences)

Lying (203 Occurrences)

Goods (231 Occurrences)

God-fearing (24 Occurrences)

Wast (84 Occurrences)

Informations (3 Occurrences)

Informed (39 Occurrences)

Fallen (233 Occurrences)

Testified (65 Occurrences)

Try (84 Occurrences)

Talker (3 Occurrences)

Tertul'lus (2 Occurrences)

Respected (28 Occurrences)

Restore (122 Occurrences)

Reports (21 Occurrences)

Expert (59 Occurrences)

Expire (14 Occurrences)

Evils (26 Occurrences)

Expired (29 Occurrences)

Estate (40 Occurrences)

Dwelt (307 Occurrences)

Descended (64 Occurrences)

Discomfiture (6 Occurrences)

Deceive (48 Occurrences)

Dishonestly (5 Occurrences)

Mischief (64 Occurrences)

Mightest (21 Occurrences)

Pious (18 Occurrences)

Pleader (1 Occurrence)

Price (181 Occurrences)

Placing (44 Occurrences)

Proceeds (20 Occurrences)

Paid (86 Occurrences)

Breathed (16 Occurrences)

Character (27 Occurrences)

Charges (58 Occurrences)

Camest (27 Occurrences)

Community (77 Occurrences)

Anani'ah (2 Occurrences)

Anaiah (2 Occurrences)

Attorney (1 Occurrence)

Agree (24 Occurrences)

Awe-struck (9 Occurrences)

Accounts (14 Occurrences)

Annis

Stated (9 Occurrences)

Sold (92 Occurrences)

Shouldest (79 Occurrences)

Smite (230 Occurrences)

Samaias

Sapphi'ra (1 Occurrence)

Standard (42 Occurrences)

Spokesman (4 Occurrences)

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