Joshua 8:20
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
6437 [e]וַיִּפְנ֣וּ
way-yip̄-nū
And when lookedConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
376 [e]אַנְשֵׁי֩
’an-šê
the menN-mpc
5857 [e]הָעַ֨י
hā-‘ay
of AiArt | N-proper-fs
310 [e]אַחֲרֵיהֶ֜ם
’a-ḥă-rê-hem
behind themPrep | 3mp
7200 [e]וַיִּרְא֗וּ
way-yir-’ū,
and they sawConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3mp
2009 [e]וְהִנֵּ֨ה
wə-hin-nêh
and beholdConj-w | Interjection
5927 [e]עָלָ֜ה
‘ā-lāh
ascendedV-Qal-Perf-3ms
6227 [e]עֲשַׁ֤ן
‘ă-šan
the smokeN-msc
5892 [e]הָעִיר֙
hā-‘îr
of the cityArt | N-fs
8064 [e]הַשָּׁמַ֔יְמָה
haš-šā-may-māh,
to heavenArt | N-mp | 3fs
3808 [e]וְלֹא־
wə-lō-
so noConj-w | Adv-NegPrt
1961 [e]הָיָ֨ה
hā-yāh
hadV-Qal-Perf-3ms
  בָהֶ֥ם
ḇā-hem
theyPrep | 3mp
3027 [e]יָדַ֛יִם
yā-ḏa-yim
powerN-fd
5127 [e]לָנ֖וּס
lā-nūs
to fleePrep-l | V-Qal-Inf
2008 [e]הֵ֣נָּה
hên-nāh
this wayAdv
2008 [e]וָהֵ֑נָּה
wā-hên-nāh;
or that wayConj-w | Adv
5971 [e]וְהָעָם֙
wə-hā-‘ām
and the peopleConj-w, Art | N-ms
5127 [e]הַנָּ֣ס
han-nās
who had fledArt | V-Qal-Prtcpl-ms
4057 [e]הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר
ham-miḏ-bār,
to the wildernessArt | N-ms
2015 [e]נֶהְפַּ֖ךְ
neh-paḵ
turned backV-Nifal-Perf-3ms
413 [e]אֶל־
’el-
onPrep
7291 [e]הָרוֹדֵֽף׃
hā-rō-w-ḏêp̄.
the pursuersArt | V-Qal-Prtcpl-ms









Hebrew Texts
יהושע 8:20 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיִּפְנ֣וּ אַנְשֵׁי֩ הָעַ֨י אַחֲרֵיהֶ֜ם וַיִּרְא֗וּ וְהִנֵּ֨ה עָלָ֜ה עֲשַׁ֤ן הָעִיר֙ הַשָּׁמַ֔יְמָה וְלֹא־הָיָ֨ה בָהֶ֥ם יָדַ֛יִם לָנ֖וּס הֵ֣נָּה וָהֵ֑נָּה וְהָעָם֙ הַנָּ֣ס הַמִּדְבָּ֔ר נֶהְפַּ֖ךְ אֶל־הָרֹודֵֽף׃

יהושע 8:20 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ויפנו אנשי העי אחריהם ויראו והנה עלה עשן העיר השמימה ולא־היה בהם ידים לנוס הנה והנה והעם הנס המדבר נהפך אל־הרודף׃

יהושע 8:20 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ויפנו אנשי העי אחריהם ויראו והנה עלה עשן העיר השמימה ולא־היה בהם ידים לנוס הנה והנה והעם הנס המדבר נהפך אל־הרודף׃

יהושע 8:20 Hebrew Bible
ויפנו אנשי העי אחריהם ויראו והנה עלה עשן העיר השמימה ולא היה בהם ידים לנוס הנה והנה והעם הנס המדבר נהפך אל הרודף׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
When the men of Ai turned back and looked, behold, the smoke of the city ascended to the sky, and they had no place to flee this way or that, for the people who had been fleeing to the wilderness turned against the pursuers.

King James Bible
And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The men of Ai turned and looked back, and smoke from the city was rising to the sky! They could not escape in any direction, and the troops who had fled to the wilderness now became the pursuers.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the smoke

Genesis 19:28 And he looked toward Sodom and Gomorrah, and toward all the land …

Isaiah 34:10 It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go …

Revelation 18:9 And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived …

Revelation 19:3 And again they said, Alleluia And her smoke rose up for ever and ever.

and they had

Job 11:20 But the eyes of the wicked shall fail, and they shall not escape, …

Psalm 48:5,6 They saw it, and so they marveled; they were troubled, and hurried away…

Psalm 76:5 The stouthearted are spoiled, they have slept their sleep: and none …

Amos 2:14-16 Therefore the flight shall perish from the swift, and the strong …

Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, …

power [heb] hand

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