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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


(1) sidh; compare Arabic shad, "to plaster";

(2) gir; compare Arabic jir, "gypsum" or "quick-lime";

(3) 'abene-ghir):

Sidh is translated "lime" in Isaiah 33:12, "And the peoples shall be as the burnings of lime, as thorns cut down, that are burned in the fire," and in Amos 2:1, "He burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." It is translated "plaster" in Deuteronomy 27:2, "Thou shalt set thee up great stones, and plaster them with plaster," also in Deuteronomy 27:4. Gir is translated "plaster" in Daniel 5:5, "wrote.... upon the plaster of the wall." In Isaiah 27:9 we have, "He maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones" ('abhene-ghir).

Everywhere in Palestine limestone is at hand which can be converted into lime. The lime-kiln is a thick-walled, cylindrical or conical, roofless structure built of rough stones without mortar, the spaces between the stones being plastered with clay. It is usually built on the side of a hill which is slightly excavated for it, so that the sloping, external wall of the kiln rises much higher from the ground on the lower side than on the upper. The builders leave a passage or tunnel through the base of the thick wall on the lower side. The whole interior is filled with carefully packed fragments of limestone, and large piles of thorny-burner and other shrubs to serve as fuel are gathered about the kiln. The fuel is introduced through the tunnel to the base of the limestone in the kiln, and as the fire rises through the mass of broken limestone a strong draft is created. Relays of men are kept busy supplying fuel day and night. By day a column of black smoke rises from the kiln, and at night the flames may be seen bursting from the top. Several days are required to reduce the stone to lime, the amount of time depending upon the size of the kiln and upon the nature of the fuel. At the present day, mineral coal imported from Europe is sometimes employed, and requires much less time than the shrubs which are ordinarily used.


Alfred Ely Day

2867. koniao -- to plaster over
... whiten, whitewash. From konia (dust; by analogy, lime); to whitewash -- whiten.
(kekoniamene) -- 1 Occurrence. (kekoniamenois) -- 1 Occurrence. 2866, 2867. ...
// - 6k

3005. leimma -- a remnant
... a remnant. Part of Speech: Noun, Neuter Transliteration: leimma Phonetic Spelling:
(lime'-mah) Short Definition: a remnant, remainder Definition: a remnant ...
// - 6k

Strong's Hebrew
7875. sid -- lime, whitewash
... 7874, 7875. sid. 7876 . lime, whitewash. Transliteration: sid Phonetic
Spelling: (seed) Short Definition: lime. Word Origin from ...
/hebrew/7875.htm - 6k

1615. gir -- chalk, lime
... chalk, lime. Transliteration: gir Phonetic Spelling: (gheer) Short Definition: chalk. ...
Perhaps from kuwr; lime (from being burned in a kiln) -- chalk(-stone). ...
/hebrew/1615.htm - 6k

4955. misraphah -- a burning
... burning. From saraph; combustion, ie Cremation (of a corpse), or calcination (of
lime) -- burning. see HEBREW saraph. 4954, 4955. misraphah. 4956 . ...
/hebrew/4955.htm - 6k

2902. tuach -- to overspread, overlay, coat, besmear
... daub, overlay, plaster, smut. A primitive root; to smear, especially with lime --
daub, overlay, plaister, smut. 2901, 2902. tuach. 2903 . Strong's Numbers
/hebrew/2902.htm - 6k

1528. gir -- chalk, plaster
... plaster (1). plaster. (Aramaic) corresponding to gir; lime -- plaster. see
HEBREW gir. 1527, 1528. gir. 1529 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/1528.htm - 6k


Examples from Nature Proving that Bodies May Remain Unconsumed and ...
... Again, let us consider the wonders of lime; for besides growing white in fire, which
makes other things black, and of which I have already said enough, it has ...
/.../augustine/city of god/chapter 4 examples from nature proving.htm

On a Piece of Chalk. A Lecture to Working Men.
... Chalk, in fact, is a compound of carbonic acid gas and lime, and when you make
it very hot the carbonic acid flies away and the lime is left. ...
/.../huxley/lay sermons addresses and reviews/ix on a piece of.htm

The Old Gravestone
... One was always so glad to see them, sitting together on the bench at the top
of their stone staircase, under the old lime-tree's shade. ...
/.../wells/bible stories and religious classics/the old gravestone.htm

The Apostles Teach that it was Neither Christ nor the Saviour, but ...
... those persons who, by reason of the resemblance of the words, imbibe a poison which
disagrees with their constitution, just as if one, giving lime mixed with ...
/.../irenaeus/against heresies/chapter xvii the apostles teach that.htm

On the Physical Basis of Life.
... The statement that a crystal of calc-spar consists of carbonate of lime, is quite
true, if we only mean that, by appropriate processes, it may be resolved into ...
/.../huxley/lay sermons addresses and reviews/vii on the physical basis.htm

... For lust was the lime of our wings, it clashed us down from the freedom
of our sky, that is, the free breezes of the Spirit of God. ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm cxxxix.htm

Letter Lxxxviii. (AD 406. )
... Not contented with beating us with bludgeons and killing some with the sword, they
even, with incredible ingenuity in crime, throw lime mixed with acid [? ...
/.../augustine/the confessions and letters of st/letter lxxxviii a d 406.htm

It is Then My Purpose to Prove to You...
... So they did in our case what crafty fowlers are wont to do, who set branches
smeared with bird-lime beside water to deceive thirsty birds. ...
/.../augustine/on the profit of believing /section 2 it is then.htm

Choosing the Tens
... In the open spaces were covered heaps of sand, and tons of lime, in sacks; layers
of paint and hogsheads of tar; ingots of copper and pigs of bronze. ...
// yoke/chapter i choosing the tens.htm

Habakkuk-On his Watch-Tower
... me upon the tower.""Habakkuk 2.i. HABAKKUK'S tower was not built of stone
and lime. Hiram's Tyrian workmen, with all their skill ...
/.../whyte/lord teach us to pray/ix habakkuk-on his watch-tower.htm

Smith's Bible Dictionary

the substance obtained form limestone, shells, etc., by heat. It is noticed only three times in the Bible, viz., in (27:2) (Authorized Version "plaster"), (Isaiah 33:12) and Amos 2:1

Easton's Bible Dictionary
The Hebrew word so rendered means "boiling" or "effervescing." From Isaiah 33:12 it appears that lime was made in a kiln lighted by thorn-bushes. In Amos 2:1 it is recorded that the king of Moab "burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime." The same Hebrew word is used in Deuteronomy 27:2-4, and is there rendered "plaster." Limestone is the chief constituent of the mountains of Syria.
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A thong by which a dog is led; a leash.

2. (n.) The linden tree. See Linden.

3. (n.) A fruit allied to the lemon, but much smaller; also, the tree which bears it. There are two kinds; Citrus Medica, var. acida which is intensely sour, and the sweet lime (C. Medica, var. Limetta) which is only slightly sour.

4. (n.) Birdlime.

5. (n.) Oxide of calcium; the white or gray, caustic substance, usually called quicklime, obtained by calcining limestone or shells, the heat driving off carbon dioxide and leaving lime. It develops great heat when treated with water, forming slacked lime, and is an essential ingredient of cement, plastering, mortar, etc.

6. (v. t.) To smear with a viscous substance, as birdlime.

7. (v. t.) To entangle; to ensnare.

8. (v. t.) To treat with lime, or oxide or hydrate of calcium; to manure with lime; as, to lime hides for removing the hair; to lime sails in order to whiten them.

9. (v. t.) To cement.

Lime (4 Occurrences)
... The Hebrew word so rendered means "boiling" or "effervescing." From Isaiah 33:12
it appears that lime was made in a kiln lighted by thorn-bushes. ...
/l/lime.htm - 11k

Plaster (13 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A composition of lime, water, and sand, with or without hair as a bond,
for coating walls, ceilings, and partitions of houses. See Mortar. ...
/p/plaster.htm - 13k

... and the sun-images shall rise no more." 'Abhne-ghir is compounded of 'ebhen, "stone,"
which occurs in many passages, and gir or gir, "lime" (compare Arabic jir ...
/c/chalkstone.htm - 8k

Alabaster (6 Occurrences)
... 2. (n.) A hard, compact variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of
banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by Pliny. ...
/a/alabaster.htm - 11k

Tanner (3 Occurrences)
... The sheep or goat skins are smeared on the flesh side with a paste of slaked lime
and then folded up and allowed to stand until the hair loosens. ...
/t/tanner.htm - 11k

... Teil tree. (an old name for the lime-tree, the tilia), Isaiah 6:13, the terebinth,
or turpentine-tree, the Pistacia terebinthus of botanists. ...
/t/teil.htm - 7k

Mortar (16 Occurrences)
... Easton's Bible Dictionary (Hebrews homer), cement of lime and sand (Genesis
11:3; Exodus 1:14); also potter's clay (Isaiah 41:25; Nahum 3:14). ...
/m/mortar.htm - 14k

Build (242 Occurrences)
... The absence of lime is a striking characteristic. ... 4. Modern Methods: The native
wall of today is less rudely built and is bedded in lime mortar. ...
/b/build.htm - 45k

Slacken (1 Occurrence)
... 2. (v.) To be remiss or backward; to be negligent. 3. (v.) To lose cohesion or solidity
by a chemical combination with water; to slake; as, lime slacks. ...
/s/slacken.htm - 7k

Building (249 Occurrences)
... The absence of lime is a striking characteristic. ... 4. Modern Methods: The native
wall of today is less rudely built and is bedded in lime mortar. ...
/b/building.htm - 47k

Bible Concordance
Lime (4 Occurrences)

Deuteronomy 27:2 It shall be on the day when you shall pass over the Jordan to the land which Yahweh your God gives you, that you shall set yourself up great stones, and plaster them with plaster:
(See NAS)

Deuteronomy 27:4 It shall be, when you have passed over the Jordan, that you shall set up these stones, which I command you this day, in Mount Ebal, and you shall plaster them with plaster.
(See NAS)

Isaiah 33:12 The peoples will be like the burning of lime, like thorns that are cut down and burned in the fire.

Amos 2:1 Thus says Yahweh: "For three transgressions of Moab, yes, for four, I will not turn away its punishment; because he burned the bones of the king of Edom into lime;



Lime: General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Plaster (13 Occurrences)


Alabaster (6 Occurrences)

Tanner (3 Occurrences)


Mortar (16 Occurrences)

Build (242 Occurrences)

Slacken (1 Occurrence)

Building (249 Occurrences)

Glass (12 Occurrences)

Thorn (30 Occurrences)

Quarries (4 Occurrences)

Untempered (5 Occurrences)

Limbs (6 Occurrences)

Lazuli (3 Occurrences)

Whitewash (7 Occurrences)

Wool (34 Occurrences)

Fertilizer (1 Occurrence)

Flux (26 Occurrences)

Furnace (35 Occurrences)

Thornbushes (6 Occurrences)

Temper (14 Occurrences)

Tophel (1 Occurrence)

Revoke (10 Occurrences)

Reverse (12 Occurrences)

Edom's (2 Occurrences)

Earth (10501 Occurrences)

Den (19 Occurrences)

Misrephothmaim (2 Occurrences)

Marble (5 Occurrences)

Misrephoth-maim (2 Occurrences)

Puteoli (1 Occurrence)

Pit (110 Occurrences)


Burn (206 Occurrences)

Burnings (4 Occurrences)

Cement (1 Occurrence)

Clay (50 Occurrences)

Anointing (39 Occurrences)

Stubble (18 Occurrences)

Sweepings (2 Occurrences)


Sour (15 Occurrences)

Straw (21 Occurrences)

Sheep-shearing (1 Occurrence)

Sift (5 Occurrences)

Spread (257 Occurrences)

Horn (108 Occurrences)

Flesh (468 Occurrences)


Rock (176 Occurrences)

Leper (34 Occurrences)

Limit (115 Occurrences)

Thorns (56 Occurrences)

Leprosy (51 Occurrences)

Sentence (53 Occurrences)

Fortified (79 Occurrences)

Transgressions (64 Occurrences)

Fort (8 Occurrences)

Fortress (75 Occurrences)

Fortification (5 Occurrences)

Palestine (1 Occurrence)

Jerusalem (782 Occurrences)

Cities (427 Occurrences)

Bones (98 Occurrences)


Sea (4178 Occurrences)

Dead (580 Occurrences)

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