And said to them, Thus it is written, and thus it behooved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Thus it behoved Christ to suffer.—Better, as elsewhere, that the Christ should suffer.
and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day; it was necessary, both because of the decree and appointment of God, and because of the prophecies and predictions of the Old Testament; see Luke 24:25.And said unto them, Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day:
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)Luke 24:46-47. Καὶ οὕτως ἔδει being deleted (see the critical remarks), the passage reads: for thus it is written that the Messiah should suffer and rise again, etc., and that there should be announced, etc. By means of ὅτι Jesus adds the circumstance in the way of motive, on account of which He opened their νοῦς, etc.; οὔτω, however, has its reference in these instructions just given: in the manner, in such a way as I have just introduced you into the understanding of the Scripture. What follows, being conceived under the form of doctrinal positions (“the Messiah suffers,” etc.) as far as the end of Luke 24:47, is then the Messianic summary of Old Testament prophecy.
ἐπὶ τῷ ὀνόμ. αὐτοῦ] on the foundation of His name—on the confession of this name, to wit, by which the whole evangelic agency is supported—depends the announcement of repentance and forgiveness, as far as concerns their specific purpose and their characteristic nature. Comp. Acts 3:16; Acts 4:17 f., Acts 5:28; Acts 5:40.
ἀρξάμενον] for which Erasmus and Markland conjectured ἀρξαμένων, is the impersonal accusative neuter: incipiendo (Herodotus, iii. 91, and thereon Schweighäuser), i.e. so that it (the office of the κηρυχθῆναι) begins, i.e. from Jerusalem (Ast, Lex. Plat. I. p. 288). See Winer, p. 550 [E. T. 779]; Bornemann, Schol. in loc. Comp. Buttmann, Neutest. Gr. p. 321 [E. T. 374 f.].
ἀπὸ Ἱερουσ.] as the metropolis of the whole theocracy. Comp. Isaiah 2:3; Isaiah 40:9, and elsewhere; Acts 1:8; Romans 15:19.
εἰς πάντα τὰ ἔθνη] among all nations, Matthew 28:19.
 As D actually reads. Other attempts at improvement: ἀρξαμένην, ἀρξάμενος. In respect of ἀρξάμενοι, followed by Ewald, see the critical remarks.Luke 24:46 gives the conclusion of the expository discourse in Christ’s own words (καὶ εἶπεν, ὅτι) = the gist of prophecy is: the suffering and resurrection of the Christ, and the preaching in the name of the Risen One, to all nations, of repentance unto the remission of sins.46. and thus it behoved Christ to suffer] Read, thus it is written that the Christ should suffer, א, B, C, D, L.
Luke 24:46. Καὶ σὕτως) and therefore thus.Verse 46. - Thus it is written, and thus it behoved Christ to suffer, and to rise. from the dead the third day. The majority of the older authorities omit the words, "and thus it behoved." The verse should be read thus: "Thus it is written that Christ should suffer," etc. These words probably were spoken on that first Easter evening. They were apparently repeated on several occasions during the forty days. The Old Testament - they would see now with the new light cast upon it - showed the necessity of an atoning Redeemer, from the sin which it everywhere reveals, and of a dying Redeemer, from the death which it proclaims as the consequence. While the same Scriptures no less authoritatively proclaim that through this suffering the Redeemer-Messiah should attain to his glorification.
The best texts omit. Render, as Rev., thus it is written that the Christ should suffer.
Christ (τὸν Χριστὸν)
Note the article, the Christ, and see on Matthew 1:1.
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