And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even to the entering of the gate.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)chased him . . .—He won a complete victory; but Gaal and his forces were able to secure themselves in Shechem. They succeeded in closing the gates against Abimelech, but only at the cost of many lives.He fled before him; being surprised by the unexpected coming of Abimelech, and possibly not fully prepared for the encounter.
Many were overthrown and wounded, being pursued and overtaken by Abimelech.
and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate; or, "they fell many wounded" (k), or slain, as the Targum; that is, many were killed and wounded, as in the battle, so in the pursuit, and lay all the way to the entrance into the gate of the city, to which Gaal, and the men of Shechem, made for their safety, and got in.And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)40. wounded] i.e. mortally, so slain, 1 Samuel 31:1, 1 Chronicles 5:22, 2 Chronicles 13:17; cf. Jdg 16:24.
the entering of the gate] Cf. Jdg 9:44. The city gateway (sha‘ar) was a large building and covered a considerable space, cf. Joshua 20:4, 1 Kings 22:10; it included a high entrance (péthaḥ) and a door (déleth), or doors, with posts and bars, Jdg 16:3. Abimelech did not enter the city, probably because he thought that the Shechemites had been punished enough. Zebul was now in a position to deal with Gaal and his following, Jdg 9:41.Verse 40. - Were overthrown and wounded. The simple translation of the Hebrew is, and there fell many slain even unto the entering of the gate, showing that Abimelech's men pursued them to the very gate of the city. Judges 7:16) in ambush against Shechem.
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