And Manoah said to his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)We shall surely die.—See on Judges 6:22.
We have seen God.—As seeing Him who is invisible; by seeing a manifestation of Him in human form, “Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me and live” (Exodus 33:20). (Comp. Genesis 32:30; Deuteronomy 5:24.)Judges 13:19 the Angel "did wondrously," probably as the Angel that Appeared to Gideon had done, bringing fire from the rock. See the marginal references and notes.
we shall surely die, because we have seen God; by which it appears that he not only believed him to be an angel, and not a man, but a divine Person; for though angels are sometimes called "Elohim", the word here used, yet good men were not wont to fear death, or conclude they should die on sight of an angel; but their notion was, that an appearance of God to them was death, and were surprised when it did not follow, Genesis 32:30.And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)22. we have seen God] lit. for elohim we have seen, i.e. a supernatural being; cf. 1 Samuel 28:13 and prob. Genesis 32:30; God is too definite. See on Jdg 6:22.Verse 22. - We shall surely die, etc. Similarly Gideon (Judges 6:22, 28) expressed his alarm because he had "seen an angel of the Lord face to face," but was assured, "Thou shalt not die." And so Isaiah said, "Woe is me! for mine eyes have seen the King, the Lord of hosts" (Isaiah 6:5). So again the Lord said to Moses, "There shall no man see me and live" (Exodus 33:20). The name of the well, Beer-lahai-roi, is also thought to mean the well of him that is alive after seeing God (Genesis 16:14). And Jacob called the name of the place where he wrestled with the angel Peniel, "for I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved" (Genesis 32:30). See too Exodus 20:19. The same belief also prevailed amongst the heathen, that seeing a god without his special permission was visited by death or some grave calamity, as Callimachus, quoted by Grotius, says-
"The laws of Saturn thus decree,
Who dares immortal gods to see
Shall suffer loss, whoe'er he be." Exodus 12:43; Leviticus 22:11); but if thou wilt prepare a burnt-offering for Jehovah, then offer it."
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