If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Deuteronomy 22:28-29.—SEDUCTION.
See Exodus 22:16-17. The sin of seduction before marriage is punished by a heavy fine. We have recently amended our own laws in the direction of this very precept. But the fact that marriage was made compulsory in these cases makes the Law stricter still. It seems, however, from Exodus 22:17, that the girl’s father might forbid the marriage, though the seducer could not escape from it in any other way.
(30) See Leviticus 18:7. A principle, not merely a precept, is implied here, as appears by the details of Leviticus 18
1. From his obligation to marry the person he abused, which it is not probable would have been imposed upon him, had he been married.
2. Because if the man had been married, this had been adultery, and so had been punished with death. Lay hold on her; which notes some kind of force or artifice, whereby she was overpowered; whereas Exodus 22:16, she was enticed, which implies consent, and therefore the man doth here receive a greater punishment, because he used hostile violence towards her, which was the greater sin.
and lay hold on her, and lie with her, she yielding to it, and so is not expressive of a rape, as Deuteronomy 22:25 where a different word from this is there used; which signifies taking strong hold of her, and ravishing her by force; yet this, though owing to his first violent seizure of her, and so different from what was obtained by enticing words, professions of love, and promises of marriage, and the like, as in Exodus 22:16 but not without her consent:If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)28, 29. Of Intercourse with a Virgin not Betrothed. The man shall pay a bride-price (see on Deuteronomy 22:22) and marry her without power of divorce. For seduction E, Exodus 22:16 f., exacts the bride-price but the father may refuse his daughter to the man. Among the Tiyâha Arabs the seducer of a woman pays the blood-price of two men; if he will marry her he must furnish the full bride-price (Musil, Ethn. Ber. 210).
lay hold on her] Not the same vb as in Deuteronomy 22:25, usually explained as rape, but this is not certain.
and he be found] So LXX. Heb. they is due to dittography.Leviticus 20:10).
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