And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)Leviticus 11:13, excepting one, "the glede", Deuteronomy 14:13 which is a kind of kite or puttock; the Jerusalem Targum renders it the vulture, and the Targum of Jonathan the white "dayetha" or vulture; and Aristotle says (q) there are two sorts of vultures, the one small and whiter, the other larger and of many forms or colours; in Hebrew its name here is "raah", and is thought to be the same with "daah" in Leviticus 11:14 there translated the "vulture", which has its name there from flying, and here from seeing, for which it is remarkable; see Job 28:7 and the letters and are pretty much alike, and are sometimes changed, but there is another here, in Deuteronomy 14:13 mentioned, the "dayah", which is not mentioned in Leviticus 11:1, though some think it the same with the "ayah", rendered both here and there the "kite"; perhaps it means another sort of vulture, the black vulture, as the Targum of Jonathan. And the stork, and the heron after her kind, and the lapwing, and the bat.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)18. stork] ḥasîdah. Tristram (111): white stork, ciconia alba; an unclean feeder (on offal, etc.), its flesh is rank.
heron] ’anaphah. Tristram (109): the common heron, ardea cinerea: an edible bird, in Europe once highly prized at table; but feeding on, besides fish, many unclean land animals, snakes, rats, etc.
hoopoe] dukiphath, A. V. lapwing. Tristram (89): hoopoe, upupa epops.
bat] ‘aṭalleph (cp. ἀττέλαβος, a kind of locust in N. Africa, Herod, iv. 172). In Palestine it haunts caverns and (as in Egypt) sepulchres. There is no doubt that the cheeping and muttering attributed to the dead (Isaiah 7) was derived from the sound made by the crowds of this animal when disturbed in sepulchres.Leviticus 11 relating to clean and unclean animals are repeated in all essential points in vv. 4-20 (for the exposition, see at Leviticus 11); also in Deuteronomy 14:21 the prohibition against eating any animal that had fallen down dead (as in Exodus 32:30 and Leviticus 17:15), and against boiling a kid in its mother's milk (as in Exodus 23:19).
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