And the pelican, and the gier eagle, and the cormorant,
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
cormorant—rather, the plungeon; a seafowl. [See on Le 11:17].Leviticus 11:13, excepting one, "the glede", Deuteronomy 14:13 which is a kind of kite or puttock; the Jerusalem Targum renders it the vulture, and the Targum of Jonathan the white "dayetha" or vulture; and Aristotle says (q) there are two sorts of vultures, the one small and whiter, the other larger and of many forms or colours; in Hebrew its name here is "raah", and is thought to be the same with "daah" in Leviticus 11:14 there translated the "vulture", which has its name there from flying, and here from seeing, for which it is remarkable; see Job 28:7 and the letters and are pretty much alike, and are sometimes changed, but there is another here, in Deuteronomy 14:13 mentioned, the "dayah", which is not mentioned in Leviticus 11:1, though some think it the same with the "ayah", rendered both here and there the "kite"; perhaps it means another sort of vulture, the black vulture, as the Targum of Jonathan. And the pelican, and the gier eagle, and the cormorant,
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)17. pelican] ḳa‘ath, LXX, πελεκάν. Tristram (108) suggests the roseate pelican, P. onocrotalus.
vulture] raḥamah, Ar. rakhim, ‘a small white carrion eagle,’ migratory, and haunting the abodes of men, one of the commonest carrion birds in Arabia, ‘the white scavenger’ (Doughty, passim; cp. Burton, Pilgrimage, etc., ii. 62); according to Tristram (96) the neophron percnopterus; in Arabia their flesh is forbidden meat, yet mothers give it to their children to expel worms (Doughty, i. 393). The name appears to be derived from its affection to its young, which in Deuteronomy 32:11 is imputed also to the nesher. LXX, κύκνος, swan.
cormorant] shalak, that hurls itself on the prey. LXX, καταράκτης. Tristram (107): phalacrocorax carbo.Leviticus 11 relating to clean and unclean animals are repeated in all essential points in vv. 4-20 (for the exposition, see at Leviticus 11); also in Deuteronomy 14:21 the prohibition against eating any animal that had fallen down dead (as in Exodus 32:30 and Leviticus 17:15), and against boiling a kid in its mother's milk (as in Exodus 23:19).
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