Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:1 Chronicles 3:1. Daniel — This son is called Chileab, (2 Samuel 3:3,) but whether he had two names, or there be an error in one of these passages, is not possible to determine. The other alterations in names, which are found in the following verses, may be corrected by the parallel passages in Samuel. As the genealogy of Judah was given first, because the dominion was vested in that tribe, and the Messiah was to descend from it; so, for similar reasons, the genealogy of David is particularly recorded.
The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:
The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife.1 Chronicles 3:3. By Eglah his wife — Eglah is generally thought by the Jews to be Michal, Saul’s daughter; who, some think, is peculiarly called his wife, because she was his only legal wife, according to the divine institution: all the rest he took according to the custom then reigning. See on 2 Samuel 3:5.
These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.
And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bathshua the daughter of Ammiel:1 Chronicles 3:5. Of Bath-shua, the daugher of Ammiel — In 2 Samuel 11:3, she is called Bath-sheba, as she is through the whole Scripture, and her father Eliam. Solomon was the eldest of these four sons; but is mentioned last, because the discourse was to return to his genealogy, 1 Chronicles 3:10.
Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,
And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.1 Chronicles 3:8. Elishama and Eliphelet — These two names are mentioned before, 1 Chronicles 3:6. It is supposed that the two children so called had died in their infancy; and therefore David preserved their memory by giving their names unto two others, who were born afterward, and lived longer. Nine — Besides the four born of Bath-sheba, 1 Chronicles 3:5. There are only seven mentioned 2 Samuel 5:16, those two, who died early, being there omitted.
These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.
And Solomon's son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,
Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,
Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,
Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,
Amon his son, Josiah his son.
And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.1 Chronicles 3:15. The firstborn Johanan — This Johanan is thought by many to be the same with Jehoahaz, who succeeded Josiah in the throne. But it seems more probable, as he is not mentioned in the book of Kings nor elsewhere in the Scriptures, that he died before his father. The fourth Shallum — Of whom, at least under that name, there is no mention in the history of the reign of Josiah’s sons in 2 Kings: but in Jeremiah 22:11 there is mention of Shallum the son of Josiah, king of Judah, who reigned instead of Josiah his father; whom most conceive to be the same, who is otherwise called Jehoahaz, 2 Kings 23. And this seems most probable, 1st, From that phrase, He reigned instead of Josiah, which implies that he immediately succeeded his father, otherwise he would have been said to have reigned instead of his brother, as Zedekiah is said to have reigned instead of Jehoiachin, 2 Kings 24:17. 2d, From the order of that discourse of Jeremiah, which was directed to Zedekiah, and his servants, and people, and whom he admonisheth by the examples of the kings his predecessors, and of the sentence of God concerning each of them, and that in the order in which they reigned; of Shallum, 2 Kings 24:11, &c.; of Jehoiakim, 2 Kings 24:18, &c.; of Jechoniah or Coniah, Jeremiah 22:28. 3d, From the nature of that prophecy, Jeremiah 22:11-12, delivered concerning Shallum, which perfectly agrees to Jehoahaz, who was carried captive, not so far as Babylon, but only to Egypt, a very near country; whence the people hoped that he would speedily and easily return, or be re-established in his throne by the king of Egypt, in opposition to the king of Babylon. 4th, Because Jehoahaz was one of Josiah’s younger sons, (2 Kings 23:31; 2 Kings 23:36,) and this Shallum is here called his fourth son.
And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.1 Chronicles 3:16. Zedekiah his son — This was another Zedekiah. How seldom has a crown gone in a direct line, from father to son, as it did here, for seventeen generations! This was the recompense of David’s piety. About the captivity, the lineal descent was interrupted, and the crown went from a nephew to an uncle, a presage of the glory’s departing from that house.
And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,1 Chronicles 3:17. The sons of Jeconiah, Assir — The word אסר, Assir, means captive, or prisoner, and does not appear to be a person’s name here, but to be added to signify that Jeconiah begat his son Salathiel when he was a captive in Babylon, according to Matthew 1:12.
Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.1 Chronicles 3:18-19. Malchiram also, and Pedaiah — These were the sons of Salathiel: and there is therefore something to be supplied, to make the sense of this verse plain; namely, The sons of Salathiel were Malchiram, &c. The sons of Pedaiah, Zerubbabel, &c. — But, Luke 3:27, Zerubbabel is called the son of Salathiel; and therefore he must have been the son of Pedaiah only by adoption; or else Salathiel dying without children, Pedaiah begat Zerubbabel of his wife, and so raised up seed to his brother. Thus Zerubbabel was the son of Pedaiah, because begotten by him, and yet the son of Salathiel, because begotten of his wife to be his heir. Shelomith their sister — Sister to the last two named sons of Zerubbabel, namely, by both parents; and therefore named before the other five, (1 Chronicles 3:20,) who were her brethren by the father, but not by the mother.
And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:
And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushabhesed, five.
And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.1 Chronicles 3:21-22. The sons of Shechaniah — All these, both parents and their sons blended together, are mentioned as the sons of Hananiah, and branches of the royal stock. Six — Including the father. But the Hebrew word, shisha, which is rendered six, may be the proper name of one of the sons of Shemaiah. As the family of David was the most considerable of any of the tribe of Judah, the genealogy of his descendants was preserved with great care and exactness; and is here recorded in part, to assist us in tracing the descent of our Lord Jesus Christ from him, that we might have that proof, among others, of his being the true Messiah.
And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.