And Araunah said to David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seems good to him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood.
Jump to: Barnes • Benson • BI • Cambridge • Clarke • Darby • Ellicott • Expositor's • Exp Dct • Gaebelein • GSB • Gill • Gray • Haydock • Hastings • Homiletics • JFB • KD • KJT • Lange • MacLaren • MHC • MHCW • Parker • Poole • Pulpit • Sermon • SCO • TTB • WES • TSK
EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And Araunah said.—Araunah, having heard David’s errand, has not a moment’s hesitation. That his threshing-floor is to be turned into the place of an altar, he at once considers as settled; but he would have preferred to make it a gift.1 Chronicles 21:20; Deuteronomy 25:4.
Threshing-instruments - This was a kind of sledge with iron teeth Isaiah 41:15. It was drawn by two or four oxen over the grain on the floor.
Other instruments of the oxen - "i. e., the harness of the oxen," of which the yoke, and perhaps some other parts, would be made of wood (marginal references; 1 Samuel 6:14).Here be oxen; which were employed by him in his present work, which was threshing, 1 Chronicles 21:20. See Poole "Deu 25:4".
behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice: which were employed in treading the corn, hence the law in Deuteronomy 25:4,
and threshing instruments; not flails, such as are used by us, but wooden sledges, drays or carts drawn on wheels, which were filled with stones, and the bottom of them stuck with iron teeth, and were drawn by oxen to and fro over the sheaves of corn; see Isaiah 28:27,
and other instruments of the oxen for wood; as their yokes; these Araunah gave leave to take to burn the sacrifice with; and in 1 Chronicles 21:23, it is added, "and the wheat for the meat offering", which was upon the threshingfloor; and there always went a meat offering with a burnt offering.And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)22. threshing instruments] The threshing sledges, drawn by the oxen which Araunah offers for sacrifice. For a description of this implement see note on ch. 2 Samuel 12:31. The word there is different, and that used here is found only in 1 Chronicles 21:23 and Isaiah 41:15. Corn was either trampled out by oxen (Deuteronomy 25:4), or beaten out by these machines. See Smith’s Dict. of Bible, Art. Agriculture.
other instruments of the oxen] Omit other. The instruments of the oxen were the wooden yokes. Cp. 1 Kings 19:21; 1 Samuel 6:14. Chron. adds, “and the wheat for the meat offering.”Verse 22. - Behold, here be oxen. Araunah was threshing out his wheat by dragging sledges or frames of wood without wheels over it. All these he at once gives to David, that the sacrifice may be offered without delay, as it would have cost much time and labour to bring wood up from the city. Instead of and other instruments of the oxen, the Hebrew has "the harness or furniture of the oxen," all of which was of wood. Exodus 32:14; Jeremiah 26:13, Jeremiah 26:19, etc.; and for the repentance of God, the remarks on Genesis 6:6), and He commanded the angel, Enough! stay now thine hand." This implies that the progress of the pestilence was stayed before Jerusalem, and therefore that Jerusalem itself was spared. "And the angel of Jehovah was at the threshing-floor of Aravnah the Jebusite." These words affirm most distinctly that the destroying angel was visible. According to 2 Samuel 24:17, David saw him there. The visible appearance of the angel was to exclude every thought of a natural land plague. The appearance of the angel is described more minutely in the Chronicles: David saw him standing by the threshing-floor of Aravnah between heaven and earth with a drawn sword in his hand, stretched out over Jerusalem. The drawn sword was a symbolical representation of the purpose of his coming (see at Numbers 22:23 and Joshua 5:13). The threshing-floor of Aravnah was situated, like all other threshing-floors, outside the city, and upon an eminence, or, according to the more precise statement which follows, to the north-east of Zion, upon Mount Moriah (see at 2 Samuel 24:25). According to the Chethib of 2 Samuel 24:16, the name of the owner of the floor was האורנה, of 2 Samuel 24:18 ארניה, and of 2 Samuel 24:20 (twice) ארונה. This last form also occurs in 2 Samuel 24:22, 2 Samuel 24:23, and 2 Samuel 24:24, and has been substituted by the Masoretes as the Keri in 2 Samuel 24:16 and 2 Samuel 24:18. In the Chronicles, on the other hand, the name is always written ארנן (Ornan), and hence in the Septuagint we find Ὄρνα in both texts. "The form ארונה (Aravnah) has not a Hebrew stamp, whereas Orna and Ornan are true Hebrew formations. But for this very reason Aravnah appears to be derived from an ancient tradition" (Bertheau).
Links2 Samuel 24:22 Interlinear
2 Samuel 24:22 Parallel Texts
2 Samuel 24:22 NIV
2 Samuel 24:22 NLT
2 Samuel 24:22 ESV
2 Samuel 24:22 NASB
2 Samuel 24:22 KJV
2 Samuel 24:22 Bible Apps
2 Samuel 24:22 Parallel
2 Samuel 24:22 Biblia Paralela
2 Samuel 24:22 Chinese Bible
2 Samuel 24:22 French Bible
2 Samuel 24:22 German Bible