2 Samuel 24:23
All these things did Araunah, as a king, give to the king. And Araunah said to the king, The LORD your God accept you.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(23) All these things did Araunah.—This clause should be rendered as a part of Araunah’s address to David: “The whole, O king, does Araunah give unto the king.” (Comp. 1Chronicles 21:23.) Then, after a moment’s pause, he added, “The LORD thy God accept thee.” The first word king, however, is omitted in some MSS., and in the LXX., Vulg., and Syr. The word “give,” of course, means only offer. David actually bought the threshing-floor and other things required.

2 Samuel 24:23. All these things did Araunah as a king — That is, with a royal bounty; give unto the king — He not only offered, but actually gave them; he resigned his right and property in them to David; though David, by his refusal, returned it to Araunah again. The words in the Hebrew are, these things gave Araunah the king unto the king. From whence some infer that, before the taking of Jerusalem, he was the king of the Jebusites; or a man of the greatest authority among them, like a king; or was descended from the blood royal of the Jebusites. But neither the Greek, nor the Syriac, nor the Arabic copies have the word king, nor had the Vulgate it, till the edition published by Sextus; nor was it in the Chaldee Paraphrast, in the time of Kimchi, who cites it thus: Araunah gave to the king what the king asked of him. The Lord thy God accept thee — He was a Jebusite by nation, but a sincere and hearty proselyte; which made him so liberal in his offers to God’s service, and the common good of God’s people.24:18-25 God's encouraging us to offer to him spiritual sacrifices, is an evidence of his reconciling us to himself. David purchased the ground to build the altar. God hates robbery for burnt-offering. Those know not what religion is, who chiefly care to make it cheap and easy to themselves, and who are best pleased with that which costs them least pains or money. For what have we our substance, but to honour God with it; and how can it be better bestowed? See the building of the altar, and the offering proper sacrifices upon it. Burnt-offerings to the glory of God's justice; peace-offerings to the glory of his mercy. Christ is our Altar, our Sacrifice; in him alone we may expect to escape his wrath, and to find favour with God. Death is destroying all around, in so many forms, and so suddenly, that it is madness not to expect and prepare for the close of life.Either, "the whole O king does Araunah give unto the king;" or (2) "the whole did king Araunah give to the king." The former is preferable. 23. All these things did Araunah, as a king, give—Indicating, as the sense is, that this man had been anciently a heathen king or chief, but was now a proselyte who still retained great property and influence in Jerusalem, and whose piety was evinced by the liberality of his offers. The words, "as a king," are taken by some to signify simply, "he gave with royal munificence." As a king; the particle as being understood, as it oft is in the Hebrew, i.e. with a royal bounty. Or, Arannab the king, as he might be called, either because he was king of the Jebusites before David took their city, or because he was the son and heir of that king.

These things did Araunah give; he not only offered, but actually gave them, i.e. he actually resigned his right and property in them unto David; for so he did; and David by his refusal returned it to Araunah again.

The Lord thy God accept thee; he was a Jebusite by nation, but a hearty proselyte; which made him so liberal in his offers to God’s service, and the common good of God’s people. All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king,.... The note of similitude as is not in the text; from whence some have thought he was king of the Jebusites before Jerusalem was taken out of their hands, or however was of the royal race, perhaps the son and heir of the then king at that time; or he has this title given him, because of his great liberality, having the spirit of a prince in him, even of a king; so Ulysses addressed Antinous, saying, thou art like a king, and therefore should give more largely than others (h):

and Araunah said unto the king, the Lord thy God accept thee; thine offering with a good will; with pleasure and delight, as the Targum; that so the plague might be removed, and which no doubt made him the more ready to part with the above things, and all that he had; so dreadful did the calamity appear to him, and especially after he saw the angel with his drawn sword just over him.

(h) Homer. Odyss. 17. ver. 335.

All these things did Araunah, {m} as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, The LORD thy God accept thee.

(m) That is, abundantly, for as some write, he was king of Jerusalem before David won the tower.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
23. All these things, &c.] Render, The whole doth Araunah, O king, give unto the king. The words are a continuation of Araunah’s speech in 2 Samuel 24:22. Cp. 1 Chronicles 21:23. Although the rendering, “the whole did king Araunah give unto the king,” is grammatically possible, it is inconceivable that so important a fact as that Araunah was the former king of Jebus should be only mentioned in so incidental a way, and the striking picture drawn by Dean Stanley (Lect. II. 111) of the meeting of the two princes—“the fallen king of the ancient fortress, the new king of the restored capital, each moved alike by the misfortune of a city which in different senses belonged to each”—must be given up as destitute of historical foundation. But the word O king is not found in the Sept. or Vulg., and should probably be omitted. In this case the words will be the narrator’s summary of Araunah’s offer: “the whole did Araunah give unto the king:” give, as in the strikingly similar offer of Ephron to Abraham, meaning offer. See Genesis 23:11.

accept thee] The same word is used of God’s acceptance of prayer and sacrifice in Job 33:26 (E. V. be favourable); Ezekiel 20:40-41; Ezekiel 43:27, &c.Verse 23. - All these did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. The Hebrew is, "The whole gave Araunah the king to the king;" and so the Vulgate, dedit Areuna rex regi. The rendering of the Revised Version (and Keil), "All this, O king, doth Araunah give unto the king," requires a change both of the order and of the tense. It is, of course, possible (though highly is probable) that Araunah was the representative of the kings of Jebus, and a titular monarch, like the Maori king in New Zealand. But the word is omitted in the Septuagint and Syriac, and is probably a mere repetition of the following word. The remark is made in order to point out Araunah's generosity; and to mark even more clearly how hearty and sincere he was in his offering, the narrator adds, in Araunah's own words, his prayer for God's acceptance of David and his offering. When David saw the angel, he prayed to the Lord (he and the elders being clothed in mourning costume: Chron.): "Behold, I have sinned, and I have acted perversely; but these, the flock, what have they done? Let Thy hand come upon me and my house." The meaning is: I the shepherd of Thy people have sinned and transgressed, but the nation is innocent; i.e., not indeed free from every kind of blame, but only from the sin which God was punishing by the pestilence. It belongs to the very nature of truly penitential prayer, that the person praying takes all the blame upon himself, acknowledges before God that he alone is deserving of punishment, and does not dwell upon the complicity of others for the sake of palliating his own sin in the sight of God. We must not infer, therefore, from this confession on the part of David, that the people, whilst innocent themselves, had had to atone only for an act of transgression on the part of their king.
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