And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold;
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)And the flowers . . . gold.—See 1Kings 7:49.
And that perfect gold.—It was perfection of gold. The word miklôth, “perfections” (intensive plural) occurs nowhere else. It is derived from kālāh, “to be finished,” not kālal (Bishop Wordsworth). The LXX. omits the clause; not so the Vulg., which renders “all were made of purest gold.” This little touch, added to heighten the effect, is quite in the manner of the chronicler, and is certainly not to be suspected, as Zöckler asserts. Perhaps we should read miklôl, “perfection” (Ezekiel 23:12), instead of the isolated miklôth.
And the snuffers.—Before this expression, and the basons (1Kings 7:50) has probably fallen out.
Snuffers.—Shears or scissors, for trimming the lamps.
And the entry of the house.—Including both the doors of the nave or holy place, and those of the chancel or holiest. The words are explained by those which follow: “viz., its inner doors to the holy of holies and the doors of the house—viz., to the nave (hêhāl, great hall).” In 1Kings 7:50 we read, “And the hinges to the doors of the inner house—viz., the holy of holies, (and) to the doors of the house—viz., to the nave, were of gold.” The word rendered hinges (pôthôth) resembles that rendered entry (pethah); and some have supposed that the latter is a corruption of the former, and would alter our text accordingly. Two reasons seem to be decisive against such a change. (1) Pôthôth, “hinges,” occurs nowhere else in the Bible; and may not be genuine. It is likely enough that the doors of the Temple were plated with gold (1Kings 6:32; 1Kings 6:35), but hardly that their hinges were made of gold.1 Kings 7:48; 2 Chronicles 29:18. It is supposed that Solomon made ten similar tables, any one of which might be used for the showbread; but that the bread was never placed on more than one table at a time. And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold;
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)21. the flowers] These were ornaments on the golden candlesticks; cp. Exodus 37:19.Verse 21. - The flowers; Hebrew, פֶרַה, occurring sixteen times, of which number it is translated" flowers "thirteen times, "buds" twice, and "blossom" once. The flower was a part of the ornamentation of the branches of the candelabrum (Exodus 25:31, 33). The tongs; Hebrew, מֶלְקָחַיִם, occurring six times, of which number it is translated five times "tongs," but once "snuffers" (Exodus 37:23). This latter is the correcter translation, perhaps. The instrument, at any rate, was to trim the lamp-wicks (Exodus 25:38). 2 Chronicles 4:11-18. The brass work wrought by Huram.
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