2 Chronicles 4:16
The pots also, and the shovels, and the meat hooks, and all their instruments, did Huram his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
(16) The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks.—“Fleshhooks” (mizlāgôth) should apparently be “bowls” (mizrāqôth). (Comp. 2Chronicles 4:1, and 1Kings 7:45.) But in Exodus 27:3, pots and shovels and bowls and fleshhooks are mentioned in succession as utensils of the altar. Perhaps, therefore, both words should be read here and in Kings. LXX., καὶ τοὺς ποδιστήρας καὶ τοὺς ἀναλημπτῆρας καὶ τοὺς λέβητας καὶ τὰς κρεάγρας . The Vulg. merely repeats 2Chronicles 4:11 (et lebetes et creagras et phialas). A stop should follow the last; “And all their instruments,” &c., being a new sentence.

And all their instruments.1Kings 7:45, and all these instruments, which appears correct, though the LXX. supports our present reading (πάντα τὰ σκέυη αὐτῶν). “Their instruments” could hardly mean the moulds in which they were cast, as Zöckler suggests. The moulds would not be made in “polished brass.”

Huram his father.—See Note on 2Chronicles 2:13.

Bright.Polished. Jeremiah 46:4 (mārûq). Kings has the synonym mĕmōrāt. (Comp. Isaiah 18:2.)

4:1-22 The furniture of the temple. - Here is a further account of the furniture of God's house. Both without doors and within, there was that which typified the grace of the gospel, and shadowed out good things to come, of which the substance is Christ. There was the brazen altar. The making of this was not mentioned in the book of Kings. On this all the sacrifices were offered, and it sanctified the gift. The people who worshipped in the courts might see the sacrifices burned. They might thus be led to consider the great Sacrifice, to be offered in the fulness of time, to take away sin, and put an end to death, which the blood of bulls and goats could not possibly do. And, with the smoke of the sacrifices, their hearts might ascend to heaven, in holy desires towards God and his favour. In all our devotions we must keep the eye of faith fixed upon Christ. The furniture of the temple, compared with that of the tabernacle, showed that God's church would be enlarged, and his worshippers multiplied. Blessed be God, there is enough in Christ for all.Huram his father - Or, "Huram his master-workman" (2 Chronicles 2:13 note). 11. Huram made—(See on [417]1Ki 7:40). His father, i.e. Solomon’s father; the relative being put before the antecedent, which is not unusual in the Hebrew tongue. And he is so called here, because Solomon usually called him by that name, out of that great respect which he bore to him for his excellent art and service which he did for him; it being usual to call great artists and inventors of things by this name; of which see Genesis 4:20,21. Or, Huram Abiu, or Abif, a man so called, or Huram Abi, as 2 Chronicles 2:18. See Introduction to Chapter 4 The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and all their instruments, did Huram {g} his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass.

(g) Whom Solomon reverenced for the gifts that God had given him, as a father; he had the same name as Huram the king of Tyrus, his mother was a Jewess, and his father a Tyrian. Some read, for his father, the author of this work.

EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)
16. the fleshhooks] Heb. mizlagoth. In 2 Chronicles 4:11 and 1 Kings 7:45 (the parallel passages) the basons (Heb. mizraḳoth).

Huram his father] See note on 2 Chronicles 2:13.Verse 16. - Flesh-hooks. Hebrew, מִזְלָגוח, occurring twice in Exodus (Exodus 27:3; Exodus 38:3), once in Numbers, and twice in Chronicles. Another form of the same root, מַזְלֵג occurs twice in Samuel, in the same sense of "flesh-hook" (1 Samuel 2:13, 14), where also its use is made dramatically plain. Huram his father; i.e. his chief artist. The two courts are not further described. For the court of the priests, see on 1 Kings 6:36 and 1 Kings 7:12. As to the great or outer court, the only remark made is that it had doors, and its doors, i.e., the folds or leaves of the doors, were overlaid with copper. In 2 Chronicles 4:10 we have a supplementary statement as to the position of the brazen sea, which coincides with 1 Kings 7:39; see on the passage. In 2 Chronicles 4:11 the heavier brazen (copper) utensils, belonging to the altar of burnt-offering, are mentioned: סידות, pots for the removal of the ashes; יעים, shovels, to take the ashes out from the altar; and מזרקות, basins to catch and sprinkle the sacrificial blood. This half verse belongs to the preceding, notwithstanding that Huram is mentioned as the maker. This is clear beyond doubt, from the fact that the same utensils are again introduced in the summary catalogue which follows (2 Chronicles 4:16).
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