In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)In the clay ground.—Heb., in the thickness of the ground—i.e., in the stiff or clayey soil. Vulg., “in argillosa terra.” For ‘ăbî, “thickness,” see Job 15:26. Kings has ma‘ăbeh, which occurs nowhere else.In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)17. in the clay ground] G. A. Smith (Historical Geography, p. 488) speaks of traces of old brick-fields found by Sir C. Warren in the Jordan valley. Succoth is perhaps Tell Deir ‘Alla, east of Jordan, north of the Jabbok.
Zeredathah] R.V. Zeredah (1 Kings 11:26); but in 1 Kings 7:46 (R.V.) Zarethan (cp. Joshua 3:16, R.V.). It was not far from Scythopolis (Bethshan), but its exact position is unknown.Verse 17. - In the plain... in the clay; i.e. in the Ciccar (or round, equivalent to the New Testament "region round about ") of Jordan, a distinctive designation of the Jordan valley (Conder's Handbook to the Bible,' p. 213). The region here intended lies east of the river, in what became the division of Gad. Succoth lay a little to the north of the river Jabbok, which flows almost east to west into the Jordan. Zeredathah; i.q. Zarthan of 1 Kings 7:46; and this latter is in the Hebrew also the same in characters and all with the Zaretan of Joshua 3:16. Very possibly the place is the same as Zererath (Judges 7:22). The exact sites of these places are not known, though the range within which they all lay is clear (see Grove's article in Smith's 'Bible Dictionary,' 3:1817). The clay ground; that is," the clay of the ground "(Hebrew). The radical idea of the word here translated "clay" is "thickness," which should not be rendered, as in margin, "thicknesses." The word (עָב) occurs in all thirty-five times, and is rendered a large proportion of these times "clouds" or "thick clouds" (e.g. Exodus 19:9), clouds being presumably thicknesses in air; but if the subject-matter in question be in wood, or growing timber, or the ground, the word is rendered conformably "thick planks" (1 Kings 7:6; Ezekiel 41:25, 26), or "thickets" (Jeremiah 4:29), or "clay" (as here), to distinguish from other lighter or more friable soil. 2 Chronicles 4:11-18. The brass work wrought by Huram.
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