And it shall come to pass, when your days be expired that you must go to be with your fathers, that I will raise up your seed after you, which shall be of your sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
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EXPOSITORY (ENGLISH BIBLE)
And it shall come to pass.—In accordance with the promise, “The Lord will build thee an house” (1Chronicles 17:10). The phrase is wanting in Samuel, and should probably be supplied, with LXX.
Be expired.—Are fulfilled (perfect; Samuel has imperfect tense).
That thou must go to be with thy fathers.—Literally, to go with thy fathers—an unusual expression, for which Samuel has the ordinary, “and thou lie down with thy fathers.” (Comp. 1Kings 2:2 : “Go the way of all the earth.”)
Which shall be (shall arise or come, Genesis 17:16) of thy sons.—Samuel has the more original, “which shall go forth from thy bowels.” The chronicler has paraphrased this, to suit the taste of a later age.
His kingdom.—Heb., malkûthô—a later word than the synonym in Samuel (mamlakhtô).2 Samuel 7 and the notes found there. And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom.
EXEGETICAL (ORIGINAL LANGUAGES)11. be expired] R.V. be fulfilled, as Sam.
that thou must go to be with] Sam. and thou shalt sleep with.
which shall be of thy sons] Sam. which shall proceed out of thy bowels.Verse 11. - The promise is now, not to "David and his seed," but to David personally. The verse contains, no doubt, the original of the Apostle Peter's quotation (Acts 2:29, 30; see also Acts 13:34; Luke 1:32, 33). The last clause of this verse has Solomon, for the object of its pronoun "his." 2 Samuel 7, the account of the removal of the ark to the city of David is immediately followed by the narrative of David's design to build a temple to the Lord; and this arrangement is adopted on account of the connection between the subjects, though the events must have been separated by a period of several years. Our account of this design of David's, with its results for him and for his kingdom, is in all essential points identical with the parallel account, so that we may refer to the commentary on 2 Samuel 7 for any necessary explanation of the matter. The difference between the two narratives are in great part of a merely formal kind; the author of the Chronicle having sought to make the narrative more intelligible to his contemporaries, partly by using later phrases current in his own time, such as אלהים for יהוה, מלכוּת for ממלכה, partly by simplifying and explaining the bolder and more obscure expressions. Very seldom do we find divergences in the subject-matter which alter the meaning or make it appear to be different. To supplement and complete the commentary already given in 2nd Samuel, we will now shortly treat of these divergences. In 1 Chronicles 17:1, the statement that David communicated his purpose to build a temple to the Lord to the prophet Nathan, "when Jahve had given him rest from all his enemies round about," is wanting. This clause, which fixes the time, has been omitted by the chronicler to avoid the apparent contradiction which would have arisen in case the narrative were taken chronologically, seeing that the greatest of David's wars, those against the Philistines, Syrians, and Ammonites, are narrated only in the succeeding chapter. As to this, cf. the discussion on 2 Samuel 7:1-3.
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