1 Chronicles 6:1
New International Version
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath and Merari.

New Living Translation
The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

English Standard Version
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Berean Study Bible
The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

New American Standard Bible
The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath and Merari.

King James Bible
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Christian Standard Bible
Levi's sons: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

Contemporary English Version
Levi was the father of Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Good News Translation
Levi had three sons: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Levi's sons: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

International Standard Version
Levi's descendants included Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

NET Bible
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

New Heart English Bible
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Levi's sons were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

JPS Tanakh 1917
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

New American Standard 1977
The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath and Merari.

Jubilee Bible 2000
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

King James 2000 Bible
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

American King James Version
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

American Standard Version
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
The sons of Levi: Gedson, Caath, and Merari.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The sons of Levi were Gerson, Caath, and Merari.

Darby Bible Translation
The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

English Revised Version
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Webster's Bible Translation
The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

World English Bible
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Young's Literal Translation
Sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.
Study Bible
The Descendants of Levi
1The sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari. 2The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.…
Cross References
Genesis 46:11
The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Exodus 6:16
These were the names of the sons of Levi according to their records: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Levi lived 137 years.

Numbers 26:57
Now these were the Levites registered by their clans: The Gershonite clan from Gershon, the Kohathite clan from Kohath, and the Merarite clan from Merari.

1 Chronicles 6:2
The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel.

1 Chronicles 23:6
Then David divided the Levites into divisions according to the sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath, and Merari.

Treasury of Scripture

The sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.


1 Chronicles 23:6
And David divided them into courses among the sons of Levi, namely, Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Genesis 46:11
And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari.

Exodus 6:16
And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.


1 Chronicles 6:16,20
The sons of Levi; Gershom, Kohath, and Merari…


The sons
בְּנֵ֖י (bə·nê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's Hebrew 1121: A son

of Levi:
לֵוִ֑י (lê·wî)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3878: Levi -- a son of Jacob, also the tribe descended from him

גֵּרְשׁ֕וֹן (gê·rə·šō·wn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1648: Gershon -- a son of Levi

קְהָ֖ת (qə·hāṯ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6955: Kohath -- a son of Levi

and Merari.
וּמְרָרִֽי׃ (ū·mə·rā·rî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4847: Merari -- a son of Levi

(1-3) Aaron's descent from Levi.

(1) The sons of Levi; Gershon . . .--So Genesis 46:11; Exodus 6:16, and uniformly in the Pentateuch. In 1Chronicles 6:16 we have the spelling Gershom, which perhaps indicates a difference of source.

(2) The sons of Kohath.--The names are the same as in Exodus 6:18. K?hath, or K?hath, was the chief house of Levi. The name is put second in the series, perhaps for euphonic reasons. (Comp. "Sheni, Ham, and Japhet" with Genesis 9:24; Genesis 10:21.)

(3) And the children.--Heb., sons (bne '?mram).

Aaron, and Moses.--Exodus 6:20.

And Miriam.--Numbers 26:59 : "the prophetess, the sister of Aaron" (Exodus 15:20).

The sons also of Aaron.--Heb., 'Aharon; Arab., Harn. Exodus 6:23, Numbers 26:60 name the four sons of Aaron in the same order as here. "Nadab and Abihu died when they offered strange fire before the Lord" (Numbers 26:61). A fuller account is given in Leviticus 10:1-7.

(4-15) Twenty-two successors of Aaron, for the interval between his death and the Babylonian exile (circ. 588 B.C.). How many centuries that interval comprises is uncertain. The Exodus has been placed at various dates from 1648 B.C. (Hales), and 1491 (Usher) to circ. 1330 (Lepsius and other modern scholars), and even so late as 1265. It is premature, therefore, to object, as some have done, that twenty-two generations are too few for the period they are supposed to cover. If the later dates assigned for the Exodus be nearer the truth, an allowance of about thirty years to the generation would justify the list. At least we have no right to say that the list requires a reckoning of forty or fifty years to the generation. On the other hand, it may well be the case that some links in the chain are wanting. Comp. Ezra 7:1-7, where this list recurs in an abridged form, giving only fifteen names instead of twenty-two.

(4) Eleazar begat Phinehas.--Numbers 20:22-28 tells how Moses, by Divine command, made Eleazar priest in Aaron's room. Joshua 14:1; Joshua 17:4 represent him as acting with Joshua in Canaan. Joshua 24:33 records his death and place of burial. For Phinehas, son of Eleazar, see Exodus 6:25; Numbers 25:7; Numbers 25:11; Judges 20:28 (as ministering before the Ark at Bethel). The list before us appears to ignore the line of Ithamar, Aaron's remaining son. 1Chronicles 24:1-6, however, proves that the chronicler was well aware that there had been other personages of high-priestly rank besides those registered here (see especially 1Chronicles 6:5 : "for there had been princes of the sanctuary and princes of God, of the sons of Eleazar and of the sons of Ithamar"). The line of Eleazar alone is here recorded as being at once the elder and legitimate, and also the permanent one from the time of Solomon onwards.

(5) Uzzi is assumed to have been contemporary with Eli, whose immediate descendants to the fourth generation exercised the office of the high-priest, according to the data of the Books of Samuel and Kings. The line of Eli is as follows: Eli, Phinehas, Ahitub, Ahimelech, Abiathar. (See 1Samuel 1:28; 1Samuel 2:4; 1Samuel 2:11; 1Samuel 14:3; 1Samuel 22:9; 1Samuel 22:20; 1Kings 2:26-27.)

(6) Zerahiah begat Meraioth.--Scripture is silent as regards the six persons named in 1Chronicles 6:6-7. That the line of Eleazar abstained from the priestly functions during the ascendency of the house of Ithamar-Eli, is probably nothing more than a groundless guess on the part of Josephus (Antiq. viii. 1, 3). The indications of the Scriptures point the other way. Zadok and Abiathar enjoyed a co-ordinate authority in the time of David (1Samuel 20:25), and proofs are not wanting of the existence of more than one recognised sanctuary, in which the representatives of both houses might severally officiate. (See Note on 1Chronicles 16:39.)

(8) Zadok was appointed sole high-priest by Solomon, who deposed Abiathar (1Kings 2:27; 1Kings 2:35).

Ahimaaz.--2Samuel 15:36; 2Samuel 17:17; cf. 2Samuel 18:27. In all these passages Ahimaaz appears as a young man and a fleet runner, who did service to David in the time of Absalom's revolt. He nowhere appears as high-priest.

Azariah.--See 1Kings 4:2, which mentions "Azariah son of Zadok the priest," in a list of Solomon's grandees. The remark in 1Chronicles 6:10, "he who served as priest in the house that Solomon built in Jerusalem," enigmatical where it stands, is intelligible if connected with Azariah son of Ahimaaz; contrasting him with his grandfather, Zadok, who had ministered at Gibeon (1Chronicles 16:39); and with the other high-priests who were his namesakes, as the first Azariah. Solomon reigned forty years. Azariah, therefore, may have succeeded to the priesthood before his death.

(10) Johanan begat Azariah.--Johanan is un. known. The name Azariah occurs thrice in the present list--viz., in 1Chronicles 6:9-10; 1Chronicles 6:13. We have already identified the first with the son, or rather grandson, of Zadok, who is mentioned in 1Kings 4:2. A high-priest (Azariah) withstood King Uzziah's assumption of priestly privilege (2Chronicles 26:17), circ. 740 B.C. The Jewish exegetes Rashi and Kimchi supposed him to be identical with Azariah son of Johanan, fancifully explaining the remark, "he it is that executed the priest's office in the temple," &c., as a reference to his bold defence of the priestly prerogative against the king himself. If this were right, several names would be omitted in 1Chronicles 6:9-10. But we have seen that the remark in question really belongs to a former Azariah, and has been transposed from its original position in 1Chronicles 6:9 by the inadvertence of some copyist. Another Azariah is mentioned (2Chronicles 31:10) as "chief priest of the house of Zadok," early in the reign of Hezekiah. Him, too, we fail to identify with either of the Azariahs of the present list. (See 1Chronicles 6:13, Note.)

(11) Azariah begat Amariah.--Perhaps the Amariah of 2Chronicles 19:11, who was high-priest under Jehoshaphat.

(12) And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Shallum.--See 1Chronicles 6:8 : "And Ahitub begat Zadok." The recurrence of names in the same families is almost too common to require notice, except where confusion of distinct persons has resulted or is likely to result, as in the instance of those among our Lord's immediate followers, who bore the names of Simon, Judas, and James.

Somewhere about this part of the list we miss the name of Jehoiada, the famous king-maker, who put down Athaliah and set up Joash (2 Chronicles 23). In like manner, Urijah, the too compliant high-priest of the reign of Ahaz, who flourished a generation or so later, is conspicuous here by omission (2Kings 16:10-16).

Urijah may have been omitted because of his unworthy connivance in an unlawful worship, not, however, as "an unimportant man," as Keil thinks. (Comp. Isaiah 8:2.) But if the list is a list of actual high-priests, Jehoiada can only have been omitted by accident, unless indeed he is represented in it by an unrecognised alias. Double names are common in Scripture, from Jacob-Israel, Esau-Edom, downwards.

(13) Hilkiah begat Azariah.--Hilkiah is probably the well-known high-priest who "found the Book of the Law" which led to the great reformation of Josiah's reign (2Kings 22:8, seq.). Azariah, his son, is not elsewhere mentioned. The Azariah of 2Chronicles 31:10, who figures as high-priest under Hezekiah, at least eighty years earlier, is absent from this list.

(14) Seraiah begat Jehozadak.--Seraiah was still high-priest at the moment of the fall of Jerusalem (588 B.C. ). Nebuchadnezzar caused him to be put to death at Riblah (2Kings 25:18-21; Jeremiah 52:24, seq.) From Azariah (1Chronicles 6:10) to Seraiah we find only ten names. In the list of the kings of Judah for about the same interval eighteen names occur (see 1Chronicles 3:10-16). This fact undoubtedly suggests the omission of some generations from the list before us.

The use of the word "begat" throughout the series is not to be pressed to the contrary conclusion. Like the term "son" in Ezra 7:3 ("Azariah, son of Meraioth," though six intermediate names are given in Chron.), it is a somewhat elastic technical formula in these genealogies.

(15) And Jehozadak went into captivity.--The Heb. is went away. Our version rightly supplies into captivity. (Comp. Jeremiah 49:3.) Jehozadak was presumably a child at the time; half a century later a son of his, the high-priest Jeshua or Joshua, returned with Zerubbabel at the head of the first colony of restored exiles, 536 B.C. (Haggai 1:1; Ezra 3:2).

When the Lord carried away Judah and Jerusalem by the hand of Nebuchadnezzar.--The chronicler is generally charged with a strong Levitical and priestly bias, in unfavourable contrast to the "prophetical" tendency of the writers of Samuel and Kings. The sentiment of this verse, however, and of many other passages, is thoroughly accordant with the point of view of the greater prophets. Isaiah, e.g., never wearies of proclaiming that the Assyrian conquerors were mere instruments in the hands of Jehovah, unconsciously executing His fore-ordained purposes.

Nebuchadnezzar.--So the name is spelt in Kings, Chronicles, and Daniel, but incorrectly. Jeremiah 24:2, &c., reads Nebuchadrezzar, which is nearer the true name, Nabium-kudurri-acur (Nebo protect the crown).

Verse 1. - This verse gives the three branches of Levi,and is in agreement with the enumeration of them in Genesis 46:11 and Exodus 6:16, viz. Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. We have not the third parallel passage in the place of mention of the other tribes (Numbers 1:47-54), but it is compensated for somewhat later (Numbers 3:14-20). 6:1-81 Genealogies. - We have an account of Levi in this chapter. The priests and Levites were more concerned than any other Israelites, to preserve their descent clear, and to be able to prove it; because all the honours and privileges of their office depended upon their descent. Now, the Spirit of God calls ministers to their work, without any limit as to the families they came from; and then, as now, though believers and ministers may be very useful to the church, none but our great High Priest can make atonement for sin, nor can any be accepted but through his atonement.
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Alphabetical: and Gershon Kohath Levi Merari of sons The were

OT History: 1 Chronicles 6:1 The sons of Levi: Gershon Kohath (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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