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ATS Bible Dictionary

One who makes himself personally responsible for the safe appearing of another, Genesis 43:9 44:32, or for the full payment of his debts, etc., Proverbs 22:26. Christ is the "surety of a better testament;" that is, in the glorious and complete covenant of grace he engages to meet all the claims of the divine law against his people, that they may be absolved, and enriched with all covenant blessing, Hebrews 7:22. Hence his obedience unto death, Isaiah 53:5,12.

Easton's Bible Dictionary
One who becomes responsible for another. Christ is the surety of the better covenant (Hebrews 7:22). In him we have the assurance that all its provisions will be fully and faithfully carried out. Solomon warns against incautiously becoming security for another (Proverbs 6:1-5; 11:15; 17:18; 20:16).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
1. (n.) A pledge, guarantee or security to insure a debt or obligation.

2. (n.) That which makes sure; that which confirms; ground of confidence or security.

3. (n.) Security against loss or damage; security for payment, or for the performance of some act.

4. (n.) One who is bound with and for another who is primarily liable, and who is called the principal; one who engages to answer for another's appearance in court, or for his payment of a debt, or for performance of some act; a bondsman; a bail.

5. (n.) Hence, a substitute; a hostage.

6. (n.) Evidence; confirmation; warrant.

7. (v. t.) To act as surety for.

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

shoor'-ti: This word is used in three different connections or groups:

(1) As a derivative of the word "sure" it means "of a certainty" or "surely."-In Genesis 15:13 the infinitive absolute of the verb is used to give emphasis to the idea of the verb and is rendered "of a surety." In Genesis 18:13 the Hebrew 'omnam is translated "of a surety." In Genesis 26:9 'akh is similarly rendered, and has the force of our "indeed." In Acts 12:11 alethos, is translated in the King James Version "of a surety," but better in the Revised Version (British and American) "of a truth."

(2) In the sense of security or pledge for a person.-This means that one person may become security for another, that such a one will do a certain thing at a time in the future. Judah was "surety" to his father Jacob that Benjamin would safely return from Egypt (Genesis 43:9). He pledged his life that the younger brother would return safely. He tells Joseph (Genesis 44:32) how he had become surety for Benjamin, and offers to become Joseph's slave for the sake of his brother. Job says (Job 17:3), "Give now a pledge, be surety for me with thyself; who is there that will strike hands with me?" The striking of hands refers to the action or gesture by which the surety or pledge was publicly manifested and thus ratified. Job here beseeches God to become surety for him, to pledge him that some time in the future He will cause Job's innocence to be made known and be acknowledged by God Himself. In Isaiah 38:14 Hezekiah says, "O Lord, I am oppressed, be thou my surety." He wishes God to give him a pledge of some kind, to go security for him in such a way that he will surely be saved out of his sickness and distress. Jesus is called "the surety (egguos) of a better covenant" (Hebrews 7:22). Jesus is the pledge or surety that through Him we may obtain the assurance and certainty that a more excellent covenant has been established by God, and are assured also of the truth of the promises connected with it.

(3) It is used to describe the practice of going security for another by striking hands with that person and becoming responsible for money or any object loaned.-The Book of Proverbs unhesitatingly condemns the practice. No mention is made of it in the Mosaic Law, as if the custom were then practically unknown. The Book of Proverbs makes no distinction between a stranger and a neighbor; the person who does such a thing is likened unto an animal caught in a trap. He is exhorted to sleep no more until he has got out of the trap, or freed himself from this obligation (Proverbs 6:1-5). The wisdom of such advice has been abundantly verified by experience. It does not necessarily preclude certain special cases, where the practice may be justified. The international relationships of the Jews in the period of the monarchy, together with the unsettled condition of the country (Nehemiah 5:3) and people, needed such commercial strictness. Their trade was mostly in the hands of the Phoenicians and other foreigners, and the pressure of taxation for the payment of foreign tribute, etc., was heavy (Nehemiah 5:4 f). Proverbs 11:15; Proverbs 17:18 declare one "void of understanding" who thus goes security for another. Proverbs 20:16 seems to contain an exclamation of contemptuous rebuke for the man who goes security. Proverbs 22:26; Proverbs 27:13 contain like admonitions.


James Josiah Reeve

1450. egguos -- under good security (adjective), guarantee (noun)
... adjective), guarantee (noun). Part of Speech: Adjective Transliteration: egguos
Phonetic Spelling: (eng'-goo-os) Short Definition: a surety, security Definition ...
// - 6k

3315. mesiteuo -- to interpose, mediate
... confirm. From mesites; to interpose (as arbiter), ie (by implication) to ratify
(as surety) -- confirm. see GREEK mesites. (emesiteusen) -- 1 Occurrence. ...
// - 6k

230. alethos -- truly
... indeed, surely, truly, verily. Adverb from alethes; truly -- indeed, surely, of
a surety, truly, of a (in) truth, verily, very. see GREEK alethes. ...
// - 6k

949. bebaios -- firm, secure
... 949 (an adjective, derived from , "to walk where it is solid") -- properly, solid
(sure) enough to walk on; hence, , ; (figuratively) , giving (security, surety ...
// - 7k

Strong's Hebrew
6148. arab -- to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange
... root Definition to take on pledge, give in pledge, exchange NASB Word Usage associate
(2), became surety (1), become guarantors (1), become surety (1), becomes ...
/hebrew/6148.htm - 6k

6161. arubbah -- a thing exchanged, pledge, token
... Word Origin from the same as ereb Definition a thing exchanged, pledge, token
NASB Word Usage guarantor (1), news (1). pledge, surety. ...
/hebrew/6161.htm - 6k

552. umnam -- verily, truly, indeed
... indeed; of a surety. An orthographical variation of 'omnam -- in (very) deed; of
a surety. see HEBREW 'omnam. 551, 552. umnam. 553 . Strong's Numbers.
/hebrew/552.htm - 6k

389. ak -- surely, howbeit
... by limitation) only -- also, in any wise, at least, but, certainly, even, howbeit,
nevertheless, notwithstanding, only, save, surely, of a surety, truly, verily ...
/hebrew/389.htm - 6k

3045. yada -- to know
... be learned, + lie by man, mark, perceive, privy to, X prognosticator, regard, have
respect, skilful, shew, can (man of) skill, be sure, of a surety, teach, (can ...
/hebrew/3045.htm - 8k


Jesus, the Surety of a Better Covenant
... Chapter XI. Jesus, the Surety of a Better Covenant. ... A SURETY is one who stands good
for another, that a certain engagement will be faithfully performed. ...
/.../ two covenants/chapter xi jesus the surety.htm

Sin Charged Upon the Surety
... Sermon XX Sin Charged upon the Surety. Sin Charged upon the Surety Isaiah 53:6.
All we like sheep have gone astray: we have turned every one to his own way,. ...
// vol 1/sermon xx sin charged upon.htm

Part 1 Jesus Our Surety and Savior. 1 Pet. 1:18; Gal. 3:13; Rom. 4 ...
... HYMNS AND SPIRITUAL SONGS IN THREE BOOKS. HYMN 43 PART 1 Jesus our surety and Savior.
1 Pet. ... LM Jesus our surety and Savior.1 Pet.1:18; Gal.3:13; Rom.4:25. ...
/.../watts/the psalms and hymns of isaac watts/hymn 43 part 1 jesus.htm

Jesus, the Mediator of the New Covenant
... "Jesus was made Surety of a better covenant.""Hebrews 7:22. "The Mediator of
the Better Covenant, established upon better promises . . . ...
/.../murray/the two covenants/chapter x jesus the mediator.htm

Christ in the Covenant
... We have been accustomed to regard him as the Mediator of the covenant, as the surety
of the covenant, and as the scope or substance of the covenant. ...
/.../spurgeon/spurgeons sermons volume 2 1856/christ in the covenant.htm

Its Source
... Therefore, if another was to act as my surety and make reparation for me, he must
perfectly obey all the precepts of the law, and then endure the awful penalty ...
// doctrine of justification/6 its source.htm

How Subjects and Prelates are to be Admonished.
... thou sluggard, and consider her ways, and learn wisdom (Proverbs 6:6): but the other
is terribly admonished, when it is said, My son, if thou be surety for thy ...
/.../leo/writings of leo the great/chapter iv how subjects and.htm

Whether Parish Priests May Lawfully Enter Religion?
... iii, 4) that "he who undertakes the cure of souls, receives an awful warning in
the words: 'My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, thou hast engaged fast ...
/.../aquinas/summa theologica/whether parish priests may lawfully.htm

Whether it is Lawful for a Bishop on Account of Bodily Persecution ...
... Objection 2: Further, it is written (Prov.6:1): "My son, if thou be surety for thy
friend, thou hast engaged fast thy hand to a stranger," and afterwards (Prov ...
/.../ theologica/whether it is lawful for 11.htm

Its Nature
... The alone ground on which God forgives any man's sins, and admits him into His judicial
favour, is the vicarious work of his Surety"that perfect satisfaction ...
// doctrine of justification/5 its nature.htm

Surety (21 Occurrences)
... One who becomes responsible for another. Christ is the surety of the better
covenant (Hebrews 7:22). ... 7. (vt) To act as surety for. Int. ...
/s/surety.htm - 18k

Surely (587 Occurrences)
... In this sense "surely" is sometimes varied by "of a surety" (Genesis 15:13, etc.)
without the slightest difference in meaning (compare Genesis 9:5 and 26:9 ...
/s/surely.htm - 39k

Sure (142 Occurrences)
... In this sense "surely" is sometimes varied by "of a surety" (Genesis 15:13, etc.)
without the slightest difference in meaning (compare Genesis 9:5 and 26:9 ...
/s/sure.htm - 40k

Undertake (16 Occurrences)
... 10. (vi) To give a promise or guarantee; to be surety. Int. ... undertake for me" (`arabh,
the Revised Version (British and American) "be thou my surety"). ...
/u/undertake.htm - 13k

Suretyship (1 Occurrence)
... Noah Webster's Dictionary (n.) The state of being surety; the obligation of a person
to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another. ...
/s/suretyship.htm - 6k

Security (41 Occurrences)
... deposited, or pledged, to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation, the
performance of a contract, the payment of a debt, or the like; surety; pledge. ...
/s/security.htm - 19k

Foreigners (76 Occurrences)
... (WEB). Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger; And hold
him in pledge 'that is surety' for foreigners. (ASV NAS RSV). ...
/f/foreigners.htm - 29k

Suretiship (1 Occurrence)
... Suretiship (1 Occurrence). Proverbs 11:15 He that is surety for a stranger shall
smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure. (KJV WBS). ...
/s/suretiship.htm - 6k

Striketh (19 Occurrences)
... thee. (YLT). Job 17:3 Lay down now a pledge, be thou surety for me with
thyself: who is he that striketh hands with me? (DBY YLT). ...
/s/striketh.htm - 11k

Sinned (156 Occurrences)
... Genesis 43:9 I -- I am surety 'for' him, from my hand thou dost require him; if
I have not brought him in unto thee, and set him before thee -- then I have ...
/s/sinned.htm - 41k

Bible Concordance
Surety (21 Occurrences)

Acts 12:11 And when Peter was come to himself, he said, Now I know of a surety, that the LORD hath sent his angel, and hath delivered me out of the hand of Herod, and from all the expectation of the people of the Jews.

Ephesians 5:5 For this ye know of a surety, that no fornicator, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and God.

1 Thessalonians 5:3 for when they may say, Peace and surety, then sudden destruction doth stand by them, as the travail 'doth' her who is with child, and they shall not escape;

Hebrews 7:22 By so much was Jesus made a surety of a better testament.

Genesis 15:13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Genesis 18:13 And the LORD said unto Abraham, Wherefore did Sarah laugh, saying, Shall I of a surety bear a child, which am old?

Genesis 26:9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said, Behold, of a surety she is thy wife; and how saidst thou, She is my sister? And Isaac said unto him, Because I said, Lest I die for her.

Genesis 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever:

Genesis 44:32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.

Joshua 2:24 And they said to Joshua, Of a surety Jehovah has given the whole land into our hands, and even all the inhabitants of the land faint because of us.

Job 17:3 Lay down now, put me in a surety with thee; who is he that will strike hands with me?

Job 34:12 Yea, of a surety, God will not do wickedly, Neither will the Almighty pervert justice.

Psalms 119:122 Be surety for thy servant for good: let not the proud oppress me.

Proverbs 6:1 My son, if thou be surety for thy friend, if thou hast stricken thy hand with a stranger,

Proverbs 11:15 He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.

Proverbs 17:18 A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

Proverbs 20:16 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

Proverbs 20:19 A revealer of secret counsels is the busybody, And for a deceiver 'with' his lips make not thyself surety.

Proverbs 22:26 Be thou not of them that strike hands, or of them that are sureties for debts;
(See RSV)

Proverbs 27:13 Take his garment that is surety for a stranger, and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

Isaiah 38:14 Like a swallow or a crane, so did I chatter; I did moan as a dove; mine eyes fail with looking upward: O Lord, I am oppressed, be thou my surety.



Surety (Guarantee): General Scriptures Concerning

Related Terms

Surely (587 Occurrences)

Sure (142 Occurrences)

Undertake (16 Occurrences)

Suretyship (1 Occurrence)

Security (41 Occurrences)

Foreigners (76 Occurrences)

Suretiship (1 Occurrence)

Striketh (19 Occurrences)

Sinned (156 Occurrences)

Alien (102 Occurrences)



Foreign (65 Occurrences)

Guilty (131 Occurrences)

Strangers (95 Occurrences)

Pledge (55 Occurrences)

Neighbour (139 Occurrences)

Offices (14 Occurrences)

Justification (6 Occurrences)

Justify (19 Occurrences)

Liable (7 Occurrences)

Guarantor (4 Occurrences)

Revealer (4 Occurrences)

Responsible (242 Occurrences)

Resurrection (42 Occurrences)

Engage (20 Occurrences)

Expectation (25 Occurrences)

Deceiver (9 Occurrences)

Debtor (7 Occurrences)

Discuss (8 Occurrences)

Principal (28 Occurrences)

Barnabas (33 Occurrences)

Borrow (10 Occurrences)

Busybody (3 Occurrences)

Counsels (22 Occurrences)

Abim'elech (58 Occurrences)

Stricken (32 Occurrences)

Smart (2 Occurrences)

Senseless (22 Occurrences)

Suffereth (14 Occurrences)

Sojourners (37 Occurrences)

Striking (25 Occurrences)

Swallow (38 Occurrences)

Onesimus (2 Occurrences)

Suddenly (87 Occurrences)

Confident (42 Occurrences)

Lad (66 Occurrences)

Strike (168 Occurrences)

Youth (169 Occurrences)

Obtained (61 Occurrences)

Lacking (53 Occurrences)

Hateth (38 Occurrences)

Hates (37 Occurrences)

Baptism (76 Occurrences)

Sojourner (81 Occurrences)

Becoming (75 Occurrences)

Oppression (67 Occurrences)

Becometh (82 Occurrences)

Stranger (152 Occurrences)

Hating (95 Occurrences)

Sureties (1 Occurrence)

Jews (287 Occurrences)

Drawn (131 Occurrences)

Friend (139 Occurrences)

Christ (573 Occurrences)

Intercession (12 Occurrences)

Covenant (309 Occurrences)

Anem (1 Occurrence)

New (1850 Occurrences)

Testament (13 Occurrences)

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