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Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary

treading under foot; manger

Smith's Bible Dictionary

(threshing-floor), one of the names of Jerusalem, the city of the Jebusites, are called JEBUSI. (Joshua 15:8; 18:16,28; Judges 19:10,11; 1 Chronicles 11:4,5) [JERUSALEM]

Easton's Bible Dictionary
Trodden hard, or fastness, or "the waterless hill", the name of the Canaanitish city which stood on Mount Zion (Joshua 15:8; 18:16, 28). It is identified with Jerusalem (q.v.) in Judges 19:10, and with the castle or city of David (1 Chronicles 11:4, 5). It was a place of great natural strength, and its capture was one of David's most brilliant achievements (2 Samuel 5:8).
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

je'-bus (yebhuc; Iebous): In Judges 19:10, 11, "Jebus (the same is Jerusalem)"; 1 Chronicles 11:4, 5, "Jerusalem (the same is Jebus)." It was once thought that this was the first name of Jerusalem, as indeed might be suggested by the Biblical references, but it is now known from the Tell el-Amarna Letters that Urusa-lem was a name used centuries before the time of David (see JERUSALEM, I). It would appear probable that the name "Jebus" was evolved by the Hebrews as an alternate name, and possibly they may have imagined an earlier name, for Jerusalem from JEBUSITE (which see), the name of the local tribe who owned the district in the first centuries of Israel's occupation of Canaan.

E. W. G. Masterman


je'-bus, jeb'-u-si, jeb'-u-zit (yebhuc, ha-yebhuci): "Jebus" is an old name for Jerusalem (Judges 19:10, 11 1 Chronicles 4:5 parallel 2 Samuel 5:6-9, "the same is Jerus"; see preceding article). "Jebusi" (literally, "Jebusite") is also used as a name for the city in the King James Version (Joshua 18:16, 28; compare Joshua 15:8); the Revised Version (British and American) correctly renders "Jebusite" (see JERUSALEM). "Jebusites," for the people (in the King James Version Genesis 15:21 Exodus 3:8, 17, etc.), does not occur in Hebrew in the plural; hence, in the Revised Version (British and American) is always rendered in the singular, "Jebusite." The "Jebusite" is said in Genesis 10:16 1 Chronicles 1:14 to be the 3rd son of Canaan, i.e. of the country of Canaan. Elsewhere he represents a tribe separate from the Canaanites. He stands between Heth and the Amorite (compare Numbers 13:29 Joshua 11:3 Ezekiel 16:3, 15). In the lists of the peoples inhabiting Palestine the "Jebusite" is always placed last, a fact indicative, probably, of their smaller number.

To what race the Jebusites belonged is doubtful. Their name does not seem Semitic, and they do not make their appearance till after the patriarchal period.

The original name of Jerusalem was Babylonian, Uru-Salim, "the city of Salim," shortened into Salem in Genesis 14:18 and in the inscriptions of the Egyptian kings Ramses II and Ramses III. In the Tell el-Amarna Letters (1400 B.C.) Jerusalem is still known as Uru-Salim, and its king bears a Hittite name, implying that it was at the time in the possession of the Hittites. His enemies, however, were closing around him, and one of the tablets shows that the city was eventually captured and its king slain. These enemies would seem to have been the Jebusites, since it is after this period that the name "Jebus" makes its appearance for the first time in the Old Testament (Judges 19:10, 11).

The Jebusite king at the time of the conquest was Adoni-zedek, who met his death at Beth-boron (Joshua 10:1; in Joshua 10:5 the word "Amorite" is used in its Babylonian sense to denote the inhabitants of Canaan generally). The Jebusites were a mountain tribe (Numbers 13:29 Joshua 11:3). Their capital "Jebus" was taken by the men of Judah and burned with fire (Judges 18), but they regained possession of, and held, the fortress till the time of David (2 Samuel 5:6).

When Jerusalem was taken by David, the lives and property of its Jebusite inhabitants were spared, and they continued to inhabit the temple-hill, David and his followers settling in the new City of David on Mt. Zion (Joshua 15:8, 63 Judges 1:21; Judges 19:11). And as Araunah is called "king" (2 Samuel 24:23), we may conclude that their last ruler also had been lowed to live. His name is non-Sem, and the various spellings of it (compare 1 Chronicles 21:15, "Ornan") indicate that the Hebrew writers had some difficulty in pronouncing it. The Jebusites seem ultimately to have blended with the Israelite population.

James Orr

Strong's Hebrew
2983. Yebusi -- inhab. of Jebus
... inhab. of Jebus. Transliteration: Yebusi Phonetic Spelling: (yeb-oo-see') Short
Definition: Jebusite. ... of Jebus NASB Word Usage Jebusite (25), Jebusites (16). ...
/hebrew/2983.htm - 6k

2982. Yebus -- an early name of Jer.
... Transliteration: Yebus Phonetic Spelling: (yeb-oos') Short Definition: Jebus. Word
Origin from bus Definition an early name of Jer. NASB Word Usage Jebus (4). ...
/hebrew/2982.htm - 6k


The Reign of David.
... Besides the subduing of the Philistines and capture of Jebus, already mentioned,
he conquered the Moabites. the Syrians, the Edomites and the Ammonites. ...
/.../tidwell/the bible period by period/chapter xi the reign of.htm

Israel in Canaan.
... Many a fortified town was still held by the Canaanites, in especial Jebus, on Mount
Moriah, between Judah and Benjamin; and close to Asher, the two great ...
// chosen people/lesson v israel in canaan.htm

Psalm LXV.
... That Jerusalem in the land of the Jebusites was builded: for at first it used to
be called Jebus, [2541] from thence the nation of the Jebusites was expelled ...
/.../ on the book of psalms/psalm lxv.htm

The Kingdom of all Israel.
... Salem, or peace, when the mysterious priest-king, Melchizedek, reigned there in
Abraham's time, but since it had been held by the Jebusites, and called Jebus. ...
// chosen people/lesson vi the kingdom of.htm

Letter Xlvi. Paula and Eustochium to Marcella.
... For it is called first Jebus, then Salem, then Jerusalem: names of which the first
means "down-trodden," the second "peace," and the third "vision of peace ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter xlvi paula and eustochium.htm

Psalm LXII.
... when Jerusalem was being builded, it was not builded in a place where there was
not a city, but there was a city at first which was called Jebus, whence the ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/psalm lxii.htm

Demonstration xxi. --Of Persecution.
... altar. For consider and see that this mountain whereon Abraham offered
his son is the mountain of Jebus, which is Jerusalem. And ...
/.../aphrahat/aphrahat select demonstrations/demonstration xxi of persecution.htm

Of Jesus, God and Man; and the Testimonies of the Prophets ...
... The name is probably derived from Salem, of which city Melchisedec was king. Some
derive it from Jebus (the ancient name of the city) and Salem. [See vol. ii. ...
/.../lactantius/the divine institutes/chap xiii of jesus god and.htm

Letter cviii. To Eustochium.
... on her left the mausoleum of Helena queen of Adiabene [2773] who in time of famine
had sent corn to the Jewish people, Paula entered Jerusalem, Jebus, or Salem ...
/.../jerome/the principal works of st jerome/letter cviii to eustochium.htm

Aron, Brother of Moses, 486, 487.
... 631. See Esau. Jannes and Jambres, [595]96. Jebus and Jebusites, [596]268.
Jeremiah, song of, [597]267, [598]315. Jerusalem, [599 ...
/.../augustine/exposition on the book of psalms/aron brother of moses 486.htm

Jebus (5 Occurrences)
... David's most brilliant achievements (2 Samuel 5:8). Int. Standard Bible
Encyclopedia. JEBUS. je'-bus (yebhuc; Iebous): In Judges 19:10 ...
/j/jebus.htm - 13k

Jebusi (2 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia JEBUS; JEBUSI; JEBUSITE. je'-bus,
jeb'-u-si, jeb'-u-zit (yebhuc, ha-yebhuci): "Jebus" is an old ...
/j/jebusi.htm - 11k

Jebusites (29 Occurrences)
... The name of the original inhabitants of Jebus, mentioned frequently among the seven
nations doomed to destruction (Genesis 10:16; 15:21; Exodus 3:8, 17; 13:5 ...
/j/jebusites.htm - 17k

Jebusite (39 Occurrences)
... Int. Standard Bible Encyclopedia JEBUS; JEBUSI; JEBUSITE. je'-bus,
jeb'-u-si, jeb'-u-zit (yebhuc, ha-yebhuci): "Jebus" is an old ...
/j/jebusite.htm - 25k

... It is unlikely that Jebus (Jerusalem) itself was an exception, although in
Solomonic and later times it extended to a far greater area. ...
/c/city.htm - 43k

Spend (54 Occurrences)
... Judges 19:10 But the man would not spend the night; he rose up and departed,
and arrived opposite Jebus (that is, Jerusalem). He ...
/s/spend.htm - 23k

Jeb'usites (30 Occurrences)
... Judges 19:11 When they were near Jebus, the day was far spent, and the servant said
to his master, "Come now, let us turn aside to this city of the Jeb'usites ...
/j/jeb'usites.htm - 16k

Lodge (64 Occurrences)
... Judges 19:10 And the man hath not been willing to lodge all night, and he riseth,
and goeth, and cometh in till over-against Jebus (It 'is' Jerusalem), and ...
/l/lodge.htm - 29k

Jerusalem (782 Occurrences)
... Called also Salem, Ariel, Jebus, the "city of God," the "holy city;" by the modern
Arabs el-Khuds, meaning "the holy;" once "the city of Judah" (2 Chronicles 25 ...
/j/jerusalem.htm - 89k

Night's (13 Occurrences)
... Judges 19:11 When they got near Jebus the day was far gone; and the servant said
to his master, Now let us go from our road into this town of the Jebusites and ...
/n/night's.htm - 10k

Bible Concordance
Jebus (5 Occurrences)

Joshua 18:28 Zelah, Eleph, the Jebusite (the same is Jerusalem), Gibeath, and Kiriath; fourteen cities with their villages. This is the inheritance of the children of Benjamin according to their families.

Judges 19:10 But the man wouldn't stay that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus (the same is Jerusalem): and there were with him a couple of donkeys saddled; his concubine also was with him.

Judges 19:11 When they were by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said to his master, "Please come and let us turn aside into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it."

1 Chronicles 11:4 David and all Israel went to Jerusalem (the same is Jebus); and the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, were there.

1 Chronicles 11:5 The inhabitants of Jebus said to David, "You shall not come in here." Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Zion. The same is the city of David.



Related Terms

Jebusi (2 Occurrences)

Jebusites (29 Occurrences)

Jebusite (39 Occurrences)


Spend (54 Occurrences)

Jeb'usites (30 Occurrences)

Lodge (64 Occurrences)

Jerusalem (782 Occurrences)

Night's (13 Occurrences)

Jeberekiah (1 Occurrence)

Gibeah (52 Occurrences)

Travelling (17 Occurrences)

Castle (26 Occurrences)

Couple (19 Occurrences)

Concubine (21 Occurrences)

Captureth (24 Occurrences)

Saddled (11 Occurrences)

Siege (63 Occurrences)

Stronghold (68 Occurrences)

Pair (18 Occurrences)

Donkeys (71 Occurrences)

Tarry (62 Occurrences)

Inhabitants (254 Occurrences)

Asses (68 Occurrences)

Marched (51 Occurrences)

Let's (74 Occurrences)

Spent (76 Occurrences)

Almost (27 Occurrences)

David (1052 Occurrences)

Fortress (75 Occurrences)

Wouldn't (67 Occurrences)

Riseth (165 Occurrences)

Zion (169 Occurrences)

Over-against (156 Occurrences)

Stop (108 Occurrences)

Arrived (129 Occurrences)

Hither (84 Occurrences)

Captured (143 Occurrences)

Fortified (79 Occurrences)

Opposite (137 Occurrences)

Fort (8 Occurrences)

Fortification (5 Occurrences)

Road (155 Occurrences)

Cities (427 Occurrences)

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