Judges 1
Holman Christian Standard Bible

Judah’s Leadership against the Canaanites

1After the death of Joshua,a the Israelites inquired of the LORD,bWho will be the first to fight for us against the Canaanites? ”

2The LORD answered, “Judahc is to go.d I have handed the land over to him.”e

3Judah said to his brother Simeon, “Come with me to my territory, and let us fight against the Canaanites. I will also go with you to your territory.” So Simeon went with him.

4When Judah attacked, the LORD handed the Canaanites and Perizzitesf over to them. They struck down 10,000 men in Bezek.g 5They found Adoni-bezek in Bezek, fought against him, and struck down the Canaanites and Perizzites.

6When Adoni-bezek fled, they pursued him, seized him, and cut off his thumbs and big toes.h 7Adoni-bezek said, “Seventy kings with their thumbs and big toes cut off used to pick up scrapsi under my table. God has repaid me for what I have done.” They brought him to Jerusalem, and he died there.

8The men of Judah fought against Jerusalem and captured it. They put the city to the sword and set it on fire. 9Afterward, the men of Judah marched down to fight against the Canaanites who were living in the hill country, the Negev, and the Judean foothills.j 10Judah also marched against the Canaanites who were living in Hebronk (Hebron was formerly named Kiriath-arbal). They struck down Sheshai, Ahiman, and Talmai.m 11From there they marched against the residents of Debirn (Debir was formerly named Kiriath-sepher).

12Calebo said, “Whoever strikes down and captures Kiriath-sepher, I will give my daughter Achsahp to him as a wife.” 13So Othnielq son of Kenaz, Caleb’s youngest brother, captured it, and Caleb gave his daughter Achsah to him as his wife.

14When she arrived, she persuaded Othnielr to ask her father for a field. As she got off her donkey, Caleb asked her,sWhat do you want? ” 15She answered him, “Give me a blessing. Since you have given me land in the Negev,t give me springs of water also.” So Caleb gave her both the upper and lower springs.u, v

16The descendants of the Kenite, Moses’ father-in-law,w had gone up with the men of Judah from the City of Palmsx, y to the Wilderness of Judah, which was in the Negev of Arad.z They went to live among the people.

17Judah went with his brother Simeon, struck the Canaanites who were living in Zephath, and completely destroyed the town. So they named the town Hormah.aa 18Judah captured Gaza and its territory, Ashkelon and its territory, and Ekron and its territory.ab 19The LORD was withac Judah and enabled them to take possession of the hill country, but they could not drive outad the people who were living in the valley because those people had iron chariots.ae, af

20Judah gave Hebron to Caleb, just as Moses had promised.ag Then Caleb drove out the three sons of Anakah who lived there.ai

Benjamin’s Failure

21At the same time the Benjaminites did not drive out the Jebusites who were living in Jerusalem. The Jebusites have lived among the Benjaminites in Jerusalem to this day.aj

Success of the House of Joseph

22The house of Joseph also attacked Bethel, and the LORD was withak them. 23They sent spies to Bethel (the town was formerly named Luzal). 24The spies saw a man coming out of the town and said to him, “Please show us how to get into town, and we will treat you well.”am 25When he showed them the way into the town, they put the town to the sword but released the man and his entire family. 26Then the man went to the land of the Hittites, built a town, and named it Luz. That is its name to this day.

Failure of the Other Tribes

27At that time Manasseh failed to take possession of Beth-sheanan, ao and its villages,ap or Taanachaq and its villages, or the residents of Dorar and its villages, or the residents of Ibleamas, at and its villages, or the residents of Megiddoau and its villages; the Canaanites refused to leaveav this land.aw 28When Israel became stronger, they made the Canaanites serve as forced labor but never drove them out completely.ax

29At that time Ephraim failed to drive out the Canaanites who were living in Gezer, so the Canaanites have lived among them in Gezer.ay, az

30Zebulun failed to drive out the residents of Kitron or the residents of Nahalol,ba so the Canaanites lived among them and served as forced labor.

31Asher failed to drive out the residents of Accobb or of Sidon, or Ahlab, Achzib, Helbah, Aphik, or Rehob. 32The Asherites lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, because they failed to drive them out.

33Naphtali did not drive out the residents of Beth-shemesh or the residents of Beth-anath. They lived among the Canaanites who were living in the land, but the residents of Beth-shemesh and Beth-anath served as their forced labor.

34The Amoritesbc forced the Danites into the hill country and did not allow them to go down into the valley. 35The Amorites refused to leavebd Har-heres, Aijalon,be and Shaalbim. When the house of Joseph got the upper hand,bf the Amoritesbg were made to serve as forced labor. 36The territory of the Amorites extended from the Ascent of Akrabbim,bh that is from Selabi upward.


Footnotes:
a. 1:1 Jos 1:1; 24:29-31
b. 1:1 Jdg 20:23,27; 1Sm 10:22; 23:2,4; 28:6
c. 1:2 Gn 29:35; 49:8-12
d. 1:1-2 Jdg 20:18
e. 1:2 Gn 35:12; Ex 6:8
f. 1:4 Gn 13:7; Dt 7:1; Jos 3:10; Ezr 9:1
g. 1:4 1Sm 11:8
h. 1:6 2Sm 4:12
i. 1:7 Lit toes are gathering
j. 1:9 Or the Shephelah
k. 1:10 Gn 13:18; 23:2
l. 1:10 Gn 23:2; 35:27; Jos 14:15
m. 1:10 Nm 13:22; Jos 15:13-14
n. 1:11 Jos 10:38-39; 11:21; 15:7; 21:15; 1Ch 6:58
o. 1:12 Nm 13:6,13; 14:6,24,30,38; 26:65; 32:12
p. 1:12 1Ch 2:49
q. 1:13 Jdg 3:9,11; 1Ch 4:13
r. 1:14 LXX reads arrived, he pressured her
s. 1:14 LXX reads . . . field. She grumbled while on the donkey, and she cried out from the donkey, “Into the southland you sent me out,” and Caleb said
t. 1:15 Gn 12:9; 13:1,3; Nm 13:17,22,29; 2Sm 24:7; Ps 126:4
u. 1:15 LXX reads give me redemption of water, and Caleb gave her according to her heart the redemption of the upper and the redemption of the lower
v. 1:11-15 Jos 15:15-19
w. 1:16 Ex 2:18; 3:1; 4:18; 18:1-12; Nm 10:29
x. 1:16 = Jericho; Dt 34:3; Jdg 3:13; 2Ch 28:15
y. 1:16 Dt 34:3; Jdg 3:13; 2Ch 28:15
z. 1:16 Nm 21:1; 33:40; Jos 12:14
aa. 1:17 Nm 21:3; Dt 1:44
ab. 1:18 LXX reads Judah did not inherit Gaza and its borders nor Ashkelon and its borders nor Ekron and its borders nor Azotus and its surrounding lands
ac. 1:19 Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1Sm 18:12
ad. 1:19 Jos 15:63
ae. 1:19 LXX reads hill country, for they were not able to drive out the residents of the valley because Rechab separated it
af. 1:19 Jos 17:16,18; Jdg 4:3,13
ag. 1:20 Dt 1:36; Jos 14:9
ah. 1:20 Nm 13:22
ai. 1:20 LXX reads And he inherited from there the three cities of the sons of Anak.
aj. 1:21 Jos 15:63
ak. 1:22 Gn 39:2,21; Jos 6:27; Jdg 2:18; 1Sm 18:12
al. 1:23 Gn 28:19; 35:6; 48:3
am. 1:24 Jos 2:12,14; 2Sm 9:1,3,7
an. 1:27 LXX reads Beth-shean, which is a Scythian city
ao. 1:27 Jos 17:11,16; 1Sm 31:10,12; 2Sm 21:12
ap. 1:27 LXX reads its villages or the fields around it
aq. 1:27 Jos 21:25; Jdg 5:19
ar. 1:27 Jos 11:2; 12:23; 17:11; 1Kg 4:11
as. 1:27 LXX reads Balaam
at. 1:27 Jos 17:11; 2Kg 9:27
au. 1:27 Jdg 5:19; 1Kg 9:15; 2Kg 23:29-30
av. 1:27 LXX reads Canaanites began to live in
aw. 1:27 Jdg 1:35; Hs 5:11
ax. 1:27-28 Jos 17:12-13
ay. 1:29 LXX reads Gezer, and became forced labor
az. 1:29 Jos 16:10
ba. 1:30 Jos 19:15; 21:35
bb. 1:31 LXX reads Acco, and they became for him forced labor and the residents of Dor
bc. 1:34 Ex 3:8; Nm 13:29; 21:31; Jos 2:10
bd. 1:35 Or Amorites determined to live in
be. 1:35 Jos 10:12; 1Sm 14:31; 1Ch 8:13; 2Ch 28:18
bf. 1:35 Lit When the hand of the house of Joseph was heavy
bg. 1:35 LXX reads Joseph became strong on the Amorites, they
bh. 1:36 Nm 34:4; Jos 15:3
bi. 1:36 2Kg 14:7; Is 16:1
Joshua 24
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