Genesis 5:3
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth.

New Living Translation
When Adam was 130 years old, he became the father of a son who was just like him--in his very image. He named his son Seth.

English Standard Version
When Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth.

New American Standard Bible
When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth.

King James Bible
And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Adam was 130 years old when he fathered a son in his likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth.

International Standard Version
After Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son just like him, that is, according to his own likeness, and named him Seth.

NET Bible
When Adam had lived 130 years he fathered a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and he named him Seth.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When Adam was 130 years old, he became the father [of a son] in his own likeness, in his own image. He named him Seth.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Adam lived one hundred and thirty years and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image, and called his name Seth:

King James 2000 Bible
And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

American King James Version
And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth:

American Standard Version
And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot a son to his own image and likeness, and called his name Seth.

Darby Bible Translation
And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begot [a son] in his likeness, after his image, and called his name Seth.

English Revised Version
And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Adam lived a hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

World English Bible
Adam lived one hundred thirty years, and became the father of a son in his own likeness, after his image, and named him Seth.

Young's Literal Translation
And Adam liveth an hundred and thirty years, and begetteth a son in his likeness, according to his image, and calleth his name Seth.
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

5:1-5 Adam was made in the image of God; but when fallen he begat a son in his own image, sinful and defiled, frail, wretched, and mortal, like himself. Not only a man like himself, consisting of body and soul, but a sinner like himself. This was the reverse of that Divine likeness in which Adam was made; having lost it, he could not convey it to his seed. Adam lived, in all, 930 years; and then died, according to the sentence passed upon him, To dust thou shalt return. Though he did not die in the day he ate forbidden fruit, yet in that very day he became mortal. Then he began to die; his whole life after was but a reprieve, a forfeited, condemned life; it was a wasting, dying life. Man's life is but dying by degrees.

Pulpit Commentary

Verses 3-5. - At the head of the Adamic race stands the first man, whose career is summarized in three short verses, which serve as a model for the subsequent biographies. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years. Shanah, a repetition, a return of the sun s circuit, or of similar natural phenomena; from shanah, to fold together, to repeat; hence a year (Gesenius, Furst). Cf. Latin, annus; Greek, ἐνιαυτός; Gothic, Jar, jar, jet; German, jahr; English, year - all of which "seem to carry the same thought, viz., that which comes again" (T. Lewis). "Shanah never means month" (Kalisch). And begat a son in his own likeness, - damuth (cf. Genesis 1:26) - after his image - tselem (cf. Genesis1:26); not the Divine image in which he was himself created (Kalisch, Knobel, Alford), but the image or likeness of his own fallen nature, i.e. the image of God modified and corrupted by sin (Keil, Murphy, Wordsworth). "A supernatural remedy does not prevent generation from participating in the corruption of sin. Therefore, according to the flesh Seth was born a sinner, though he was afterwards renewed by the Spirit of grace" (Calvin). The doctrine of inherited depravity or transmitted sin has been commonly held to favor the theory which accounts for the origin of the human soul per traducem (Tertullian, Luther, Delitzsch), in opposition to that which holds it to be due to the creative power of God (Jerome, Augustine, Calvin, Beza, Turretin). Kalisch thinks the statement "Adam begat Seth in his own image ' decisive in favor of Traducianism, while Hodge affirms "it only asserts that Seth was like his father, and sheds no light, on the mysterious process of generation ('Syst. Theol.,' Part I. Genesis 3. § 2). The truth is that Scripture seems to recognize both sides of this question. Vide Psalm 51:5 in favor of Traducianism, and Psalm 139:14-16; Jeremiah L 5 in support of Creationism (cf. Martensen's 'Dogmatics,' § 74), though there is much force in the words of Augustine "De re obscurissima disputatur, non adjuvantibus divinarum scripturarum certis clarisque documentis." And called his name - probably concurring in the name selected by Eve (Genesis 4:25) - Seth - Appointed, placed, substituted; hence compensation (Genesis 4:25). And the days of Adam after he had begotten - literally, his begetting - Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters. "In that primitive time the births did not rapidly follow each other - a fact which had to indicate that his having a posterity at all was conditioned by the ripeness of his faith. At the same time the lateness of paternity among these primeval men may have been partly due to a physical cause as well, "since in exact accordance with the increasing degeneracy and rankness of human life is there, in a literal sense, the increase of a numerous and wretched offspring" (Lange). And all the days that Adam - not the whole tribe (Gatterer, vide Bohlen; cf. Balgarnie, 'Expositor,' vol. 8.), "as in this case Enoch must have been taken to heaven with his whole family" (Kalisch); but the individual bearing that name - lived were nine hundred and thirty years. The remarkable longevity of the Macrobii has been explained -

1. On the supposition of its non-authenticity.

(1) As a purely mythical conception (Knobel, Bauer, Hartmann, Bohlen); which, however, may be safely rejected as an altogether inadequate hypothesis.

(2) As due to an error in the traditional transmission of the genealogical registers, several names having fallen out, leaving their years to be reckoned to those that remained (Rosenmüller); but against this conjecture stands the orderly succession of father and son through ten generations.

(3) As representing not the lifetimes of individuals, but dynastic epochs (vide supra); and

(4) as signifying lesser spaces of time - e.g. three months (Hensler), or one month (Raske) - than solar years; but even Knobel admits that "no shorter year have the Hebrews ever had than the period of a year's time."

2. On the basis of its historic credibility; as attributable to -

(1) The original immortality with which man was endowed, and which was now being frayed away by the inroads of sin (Kalisch).

(2) The superior piety and intelligence of these early father's of the race (Josephus, 'Antiq.,' I. 3:9).

(3) The influence of the fruit of the tree of life which, while in the garden, Adam ate (Whately, 'Ency. Brit.,' eighth ed., Art. Christianity).

(4) The original vigor of their physical constitutions, and the greater excellence of the food on which they lived (Willet). But if the first and second opinions are correct, then the Cainites should have died earlier than the Sethites, which there is no reason to believe they did; while the third is a pure conjecture (vide Genesis 2:9), and the fourth may contain some degree of truth. We prefer to ascribe the longevity of these antediluvian men to a distinct exercise of grace on the part of God, who designed it to be

(1) a proof of the Divine clemency in suspending the penalty of sin;

(2) a symbol of that immortality which had been recovered for men by the promise of the woman's seed; and

(3) a medium of transmission for the faith, for the benefit of both the Church and the world. And he died. "The solemn toll of the patriarchal funeral bell (Bonar). Its constant recurrence at the close of each biography proves the dominion of death from Adam onward, as an immutable law (Romans 5:12; Baumgarten, Kefi, Lange); "warns us that death was not denounced in vain against men" (Calvin); "is a standing demonstration of the effect of disobedience" (Murphy); "was intended to show what the condition of all mankind was after Adam's fall (Willet). The expression is not appended to the genealogical list of the Fathers after the Flood, doubtless as being then sufficiently understood; and it is not said of the descendants of Cain that they died, "as if the inheritance of the sons of God were not here on earth, but in death, as the days of the deaths of martyrs are held in honor by the Church as their birthdays" (Wordsworth).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years,.... The Septuagint version, through mistaken, gives the number two hundred and thirty years:

and begat a son; not that he had no other children during this time than Cain and Abel; this is only observed to show how old he was when Seth was born, the son here meant; who was begotten

in his own likeness, after his image; not in the likeness, and after the image of God, in which Adam was created; for having sinned, he lost that image, at least it was greatly defaced, and he came short of that glory of God, and could not convey it to his posterity; who are, and ever have been conceived in sin, and shapen in iniquity; are polluted and unclean, foolish and disobedient; averse to all that is good, and prone to all that is evil: the sinfulness of nature is conveyed by natural generation, but not holiness and grace; that is not of blood, nor of the will of man, nor of the flesh, but of God, and produced of his own will, by his mighty power impressing the image of his Son in regeneration on his people; which by beholding his glory they are more and more changed into by the Spirit of God. The Jewish writers understand this in a good sense, of Seth being like to Adam in goodness, when Cain was not: so the Targum of Jonathan,"and he begat Seth, who was like to his image and similitude; for before Eve had brought forth Cain, who was not like unto him---but afterwards she brought forth him who was like unto him, and called his name Seth.''So they say (z) Cain was not of the seed, nor of the image of Adam, nor his works like Abel his brother; but Seth was of the seed and image of Adam, and his works were like the works of his brother Abel; according to that, "he begat (a son) in his own likeness". And they assert (a), that Adam delivered all his wisdom to Seth his son, who was born after his image and likeness; and particularly Maimonides (b) observes, that all the sons of Adam before Seth were rather beasts than men, and had not the true human form, not the form and image of men; but Seth, after Adam had taught and instructed him, was in human perfection, as it is said of him, "and he begat in his likeness": but the text speaks not of the education of Seth, and of what he was through that, but of his birth, and what he was in consequence of it; and we are told by good authority, that "that which is born of the flesh is flesh", carnal and corrupt, and such are all the sons of Adam by natural generation; see Job 14:4.

(z) Pirke Eliezer, c. 22. (a) Shalshalet Hakabala, apud Hottinger. Smegma, p. 212. (b) More Nevochim, par. 1. c. 7.



Genesis 5:3 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Descendants of Adam
2He created them male and female, and He blessed them and named them Man in the day when they were created. 3When Adam had lived one hundred and thirty years, he became the father of a son in his own likeness, according to his image, and named him Seth. 4Then the days of Adam after he became the father of Seth were eight hundred years, and he had other sons and daughters.…
Cross References
Luke 3:36
the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,

1 Corinthians 15:49
And just as we have borne the image of the earthly man, so shall we bear the image of the heavenly man.

Genesis 4:25
Adam made love to his wife again, and she gave birth to a son and named him Seth, saying, "God has granted me another child in place of Abel, since Cain killed him."

Genesis 5:2
He created them male and female and blessed them. And he named them "Mankind" when they were created.

Genesis 5:4
After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters.
Treasury of Scripture

And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, and after his image; and called his name Seth:

A.M.

Genesis 5:20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.

Genesis 5:6 And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:

in his.

Job 14:4 Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.

Job 15:14-16 What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, …

Job 25:4 How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that …

Psalm 14:2,3 The LORD looked down from heaven on the children of men, to see if …

Psalm 51:5 Behold, I was shaped in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said to her, The Holy Ghost shall come …

John 3:6 That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born …

Romans 5:12 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; …

1 Corinthians 15:39 All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of …

Ephesians 2:3 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the …

called.

Genesis 4:25 And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his …

Jump to Previous
Adam Begat Begetteth Begot Hundred Image Likeness Seth Thirty
Jump to Next
Adam Begat Begetteth Begot Hundred Image Likeness Seth Thirty
Links
Genesis 5:3 NIV
Genesis 5:3 NLT
Genesis 5:3 ESV
Genesis 5:3 NASB
Genesis 5:3 KJV

Genesis 5:3 Bible Apps
Genesis 5:3 Bible Suite
Genesis 5:3 Biblia Paralela
Genesis 5:3 Chinese Bible
Genesis 5:3 French Bible
Genesis 5:3 German Bible

Alphabetical: 130 according Adam and became father had he him his hundred image in likeness lived named of one own Seth son the thirty to When years

OT Law: Genesis 5:3 Adam lived one hundred thirty years (Gen. Ge Gn) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Genesis 5:2
Top of Page
Top of Page