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International Standard Bible EncyclopediaMYRTLE
mur'-t'-l (hadhac; mursine (Isaiah 41:19; Isaiah 55:13 Nehemiah 8:15 Zechariah 1:8, 10 f); also as a name in Hadassah in Esther 2:7, the Jewish form of ESTHER (which see)): The myrtle, Myrtus communis (Natural Order Myrtaceae), is a very common indigenous shrub all over Palestine. On the bare hillsides it is a low bush, but under favorable conditions of moisture it attains a considerable height (compare Zechariah 1:8, 10). It has dark green, scented leaves, delicate starry white flowers and dark-colored berries, which are eaten. In ancient times it was sacred to Astarte. It is mentioned as one of the choice plants of the land (Isaiah 41:19). "Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir-tree; and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle-tree" (Isaiah 55:13), is one of the prophetic pictures of God's promised blessings. It was one of the trees used in the Feast of Tabernacles (Nehemiah 8:15): "the branches of thick trees" (which see) are interpreted in the Talmud (Cuk. 3 4; Yer Cuk. 3, 53rd) as myrtle boughs; also (id) the "thick trees" of Nehemiah 8:15 as "wild myrtle." Myrtle twigs, particularly those of the broadleaved variety, together with a palm branch and twigs of willow, are still used in the ritual of the Feast of Tabernacles. For many references to myrtle in Jewish writings see Jewish Encyclopedia, IX, 137.
Strong's Hebrew1918. hadas -- myrtle (tree)
... 1917, 1918. hadas. 1919 . myrtle (tree). Transliteration: hadas Phonetic
Spelling: (had-as') Short Definition: myrtle. Word Origin ...
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1919. Hadassah -- "myrtle," Esther's Jewish name
October 4. "Instead of the Brier, the Myrtle Tree" (Isa. Lv. 13).
The Morning Breaketh
But I First Say a Word Also About the Crown Itself. ...
The Greatness of the Subject, and Our Duty to those on their ...
How it was Brought About that the Greeks Speak of Three Hypostases ...
'Concerning the Crown'
On the Use of Ointments and Crowns.
The Incarnation and Birth of Christ
The Thunderbolt Averted
Smith's Bible DictionaryMyrtle
a plant mentioned in (Nehemiah 8:15; Isaiah 41:19; 55:13; Zechariah 1:8,10,11) The modern Jews still adorn with myrtle the booths and sheds at the feast of tabernacles. Formerly, as we learn from Nehemiah, (Nehemiah 8:15) myrtles grew on the hills about Jerusalem. "On Olivet." says Dean Stanley, "nothing is now to be seen but the olive and the fig tree:" on some of the hills near Jerusalem, however, Hasselquist observed the myrtle. Dr. Hooker says it is not uncommon in Samaria and Galilee. The Myrtus communis is the kind denoted by the Hebrew word. (It is a shrub or low tree sometimes ten feet high, with green shining leaves, and snow-white flowers bordered with purple, "which emit a perfume more exquisite than that of the rose." The seeds of the myrtle, dried before they are ripe, form our allspice. --ED.)
ATS Bible DictionaryMyrtle
A beautiful and fragrant evergreen tree, growing wild throughout the southern parts of Europe, the north of Africa, and the temperate parts of Asia; principally on the seacoast. The leaves are of a rich and polished evergreen; the flowers white, with sometimes a tinge of red externally; and the berries are of the size of a small pea, violet or whitish, sweetish, and with the aromatic flavor which distinguishes the whole plant. These are used for spices in the Levant. It furnishes a useful tonic medicine, Nehemiah 8:15; Isaiah 41:19; 55:13; Zechariah 1:8,10,11.
Easton's Bible Dictionary(Isaiah 41:19; Nehemiah 8:15; Zechariah 1:8), Hebrew hadas, known in the East by the name as, the Myrtus communis of the botanist. "Although no myrtles are now found on the mount (of Olives), excepting in the gardens, yet they still exist in many of the glens about Jerusalem, where we have often seen its dark shining leaves and white flowers. There are many near Bethlehem and about Hebron, especially near Dewir Dan, the ancient Debir. It also sheds its fragrance on the sides of Carmel and of Tabor, and fringes the clefts of the Leontes in its course through Galilee. We meet with it all through Central Palestine" (Tristram).
Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary(n.) A species of the genus Myrtus, especially Myrtus communis. The common myrtle has a shrubby, upright stem, eight or ten feet high. Its branches form a close, full head, thickly covered with ovate or lanceolate evergreen leaves. It has solitary axillary white or rosy flowers, followed by black several-seeded berries. The ancients considered it sacred to Venus. The flowers, leaves, and berries are used variously in perfumery and as a condiment, and the beautifully mottled wood is used in turning.
ThesaurusMyrtle (7 Occurrences)
... (n.) A species of the genus Myrtus, especially Myrtus communis. The common myrtle
has a shrubby, upright stem, eight or ten feet high. ...MYRTLE. ...
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Myrtle-trees (3 Occurrences)
Myrtle-tree (1 Occurrence)
Myrtle-branches (1 Occurrence)
Trees (179 Occurrences)
Pine (28 Occurrences)
Fir-tree (5 Occurrences)
Esther (48 Occurrences)
Myrtles (4 Occurrences)
Cypress (17 Occurrences)
Bible ConcordanceMyrtle (7 Occurrences)
Exodus 30:23 And thou, take best spices of liquid myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon the half two hundred and fifty, and of sweet myrtle two hundred and fifty,
Nehemiah 8:15 and that they should publish and proclaim in all their cities, and in Jerusalem, saying, Go forth to the mountain, and get olive branches, and branches of wild olive, and myrtle branches, and palm branches, and branches of thick trees, to make booths, as it is written.
Isaiah 41:19 I will put cedar, acacia, myrtle, and oil trees in the wilderness. I will set fir trees, pine, and box trees together in the desert;
Isaiah 55:13 Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree; and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to Yahweh for a name, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off."
Zechariah 1:8 "I had a vision in the night, and behold, a man riding on a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in a ravine; and behind him there were red, brown, and white horses.
Zechariah 1:10 The man who stood among the myrtle trees answered, "They are the ones Yahweh has sent to go back and forth through the earth."
Zechariah 1:11 They reported to the angel of Yahweh who stood among the myrtle trees, and said, "We have walked back and forth through the earth, and behold, all the earth is at rest and in peace."
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