Ecclesiastes 1:12
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
I, the Teacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

New Living Translation
I, the Teacher, was king of Israel, and I lived in Jerusalem.

English Standard Version
I the Preacher have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

New American Standard Bible
I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

King James Bible
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

International Standard Version
I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

NET Bible
I, the Teacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

New Heart English Bible
I, the Preacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
I, the spokesman, have been king of Israel in Jerusalem.

JPS Tanakh 1917
I Koheleth have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

New American Standard 1977
I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Jubilee Bible 2000
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

King James 2000 Bible
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

American King James Version
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

American Standard Version
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Douay-Rheims Bible
I Ecclesiastes was king over Israel in Jerusalem,

Darby Bible Translation
I, the Preacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

English Revised Version
I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Webster's Bible Translation
I the preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

World English Bible
I, the Preacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

Young's Literal Translation
I, a preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
Study Bible
With Wisdom Comes Sorrow
11There is no remembrance of earlier things; And also of the later things which will occur, There will be for them no remembrance Among those who will come later still. 12I, the Preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13And I set my mind to seek and explore by wisdom concerning all that has been done under heaven. It is a grievous task which God has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.…
Cross References
Ecclesiastes 1:1
The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem.

Ecclesiastes 7:27
"Behold, I have discovered this," says the Preacher, "adding one thing to another to find an explanation,

Ecclesiastes 12:8
"Vanity of vanities," says the Preacher, "all is vanity!"
Treasury of Scripture

I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem.

1 Kings 4:1 So king Solomon was king over all Israel.

KOHELETH RELATES HIS OWN EXPERIENCE.

(12) Having in the introductory verses stated the argument of the treatise, the writer proceeds to prove what he has asserted as to the vanity of earthly pursuits, by relating the failures of one who might be expected, if any one could, to bring such pursuits to a satisfactory result. Solomon, in this book called Kohleth, pre-eminent among Jewish sovereigns as well for wisdom as for temporal prosperity, speaking in the first person, tells how, with all his advantages, he could secure in this life no lasting or satisfying happiness. He relates first how he found no satisfaction from an enlightened survey of human life. He found (Ecclesiastes 1:14) that it presented a scene of laborious exertion empty of profitable results. His researches (Ecclesiastes 1:15) only brought to light errors and defects which it was impossible to remedy; so that (Ecclesiastes 1:18) the more thought a man bestowed on the subject, the greater his grief. On the name Kohleth, and the phrase "was king," see Introduction.

Over Israel.--King of Israel is the usual phrase in the earlier books, but there are examples of that here employed (1Samuel 15:26; 2Samuel 19:23; 1Kings 11:37).

Verse 12 - Ecclesiastes 6:12. - Division. I. PROOF OF THE VANITY OF EARTHLY THINGS FROM PERSONAL EXPERIENCE AND GENERAL OBSERVATION. Verses 12-18. - Section 1. Vanity of striving for wisdom and knowledge. Verse 12. - I the Preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem. Koheleth relates his own experience as king, in accordance with his assumption of the person of Solomon. The use of the past tense in this verse is regarded by many as strong evidence against the Solomonic authorship of the book. "I have been king" (not "I have become king," as Gratz would translate) is a statement introducing the supposed speaker, not as a reigning monarch, but as one who, in time past, exercised sovereignty. Solomon is represented as speaking from the grave, and recalling the past for the instruction of his auditors. In a similar manner, the author of the Book of Wisdom (8:1-13) speaks in his impersonation of Solomon. That king himself, who reigned without interruption to his death, could not have spoken of himself in the terms used here. He lost neither his throne nor his power; and, therefore, the expression cannot be paralleled (as Mr. Bullock suggests) by the complaint of Louis XIV., unsuccessful in war and weary of rule, "When I was king." Solomon redivivus is introduced to give weight to the succeeding experiences. Here is one who had every and the most favorable opportunity of seeing the best side of things; and yet his testimony is that all is vanity. In the acquisition of wisdom, the contrast between the advantage of learned leisure and the interruptions of a laborious life is set forth in Ecclus. 38:24, etc. King over Israel. The expression indicates a time before the division of the kingdom. We have it in 1 Samuel 15:26, and occasionally elsewhere. The usual phrase is "King of Israel." (For in Jerusalem, see on ver. 1.) I the preacher was king over Israel in Jerusalem. Solomon having given a general proof of the vanity of all things here below, and of the insufficiency of them to make men happy, proceeds to particular instances, and begins with human wisdom and knowledge, which of all things might be thought to be most conducive to true happiness; and yet it falls short of it: he instances in himself for proof of it; and he could not have pitched on anyone more proper and pertinent to the purpose, who had all the advantages of obtaining wisdom, was assiduous in his pursuit of it, and made a proficiency in it above all mankind; wherefore he must be owned to be a proper judge, and whatever is concluded by him may be taken for granted as certain; and this is the sum of the following verses to the end of the chapter. Now let it be observed, that he was a "preacher", not a private person, and must have a good share of knowledge to qualify him for teaching and instructing others; and, more than this, he was a king, and did not want money to purchase books, and procure masters to instruct him in all the branches of literature; and when he entered upon the more profound study of wisdom, and especially when he said this, it was not in his infancy or childhood, or before he came to the throne, but after; even after he had asked, wisdom of God to govern, and it had been given him; yea, after he had been a long time king, as he now was; though the Jewish writers, as the Targum, Jarchi, and others, conclude from hence that he was not now a king, but become a private person, deposed or driven from his throne, which does not appear: moreover, he was king of Israel, not over a barbarous people, where darkness and ignorance reigned, but over a "wise and understanding people", as they are called Deuteronomy 4:6; and he was king over them in Jerusalem too, the metropolis of the nation; there he had his royal palace, where were not only the temple, the place of divine worship, but a college of prophets, and a multitude of priests, and an abundance of wise and knowing men, whom he had opportunity of conversing with frequently; to which may be added, his large correspondence abroad; persons from all kings and kingdoms came to hear his wisdom, as the queen of Sheba; and by putting questions to him, and so exercising his talents, not a little contributed to the improvement of them. Now a person so qualified must be a judge of wisdom, and what he says deserves attention; and it may be observed, that what he says, as follows, is "in verbo regis et sacerdotis", on the word of a king and preacher, who would never risk his honour, or forfeit his character, by saying an untruth. 12. Resumption of Ec 1:1, the intermediate verses being the introductory statement of his thesis. Therefore, "the Preacher" (Koheleth) is repeated.

was king—instead of "am," because he is about to give the results of his past experience during his long reign.

in Jerusalem—specified, as opposed to David, who reigned both in Hebron and Jerusalem; whereas Solomon reigned only in Jerusalem. "King of Israel in Jerusalem," implies that he reigned over Israel and Judah combined; whereas David, at Hebron, reigned only over Judah, and not, until he was settled in Jerusalem, over both Israel and Judah.1:12-18 Solomon tried all things, and found them vanity. He found his searches after knowledge weariness, not only to the flesh, but to the mind. The more he saw of the works done under the sun, the more he saw their vanity; and the sight often vexed his spirit. He could neither gain that satisfaction to himself, nor do that good to others, which he expected. Even the pursuit of knowledge and wisdom discovered man's wickedness and misery; so that the more he knew, the more he saw cause to lament and mourn. Let us learn to hate and fear sin, the cause of all this vanity and misery; to value Christ; to seek rest in the knowledge, love, and service of the Saviour.
Jump to Previous
Israel Jerusalem Koheleth Preacher Teacher
Jump to Next
Israel Jerusalem Koheleth Preacher Teacher
Links
Ecclesiastes 1:12 NIV
Ecclesiastes 1:12 NLT
Ecclesiastes 1:12 ESV
Ecclesiastes 1:12 NASB
Ecclesiastes 1:12 KJV

Ecclesiastes 1:12 Biblia Paralela
Ecclesiastes 1:12 Chinese Bible
Ecclesiastes 1:12 French Bible
Ecclesiastes 1:12 German Bible

Alphabetical: been have I in Israel Jerusalem king over Preacher Teacher the was

OT Poetry: Ecclesiastes 1:12 I the Preacher was king over Israel (Ecclesiast. Ec Ecc Eccles.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
Ecclesiastes 1:11
Top of Page
Top of Page